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Patent It Yourself - Questions & Answers

カード 17枚 作成者: karl (作成日: 2015/03/21)

  • What is a patent?

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教材の説明:

「Patent It Yourself (17th edition)」を参考にして英語の問答を作成しています。問答を作成することで注意して本を読み進めることができます。また、作成した問答はzuknowでスピーキング練習素材として使っています。

「Patent It Yourself」は、個人発明家が弁理士などの専門家の手を借りずに自分で特許出願して、特許を手に入れるための方法を説明した本です。専門家向けに米国特許法を解説した本ではなく、素人にも理解しやすいように書かれていると思います。

書名:Patent It Yourself: Your Step-by-Step Guide to Filing at the U.S. Patent Office
著者:David Pressman
出版社:NOLO

公開範囲:

公開

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
  • 1

    What is a patent?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • It’s a right granted by the government to an inventor.

    解説

  • 2

    What is the nature of the patent right?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A patent gives its owner— the inventor or the person or business to whom the inventor legally transfers the patent— the right to exclude others from making, using, or selling the invention “claimed” in the patent deed for approximately 17 to 18 years, provided three maintenance fees are paid.

    解説

  • 3

    Name the types of patents.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • There are three types of patents— utility patents, design patents, and plant patents.

    解説

  • 4

    Who can apply for a patent?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Anyone, so long as he or she is a true inventor of the invention.

    解説

  • 5

    What is an invention?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An invention is any new article, machine, composition, or process or new use developed by a human.

    解説

  • 6

    What is a patent application?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A patent application is a set of papers that describe an invention and that are suitable for filing in a patent office

    解説

  • 7

    What is a patent?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A patent is a grant from a government that confers upon an inventor the right to exclude others from making, using, selling, importing, or offering an invention for sale for a fixed period of time.

    解説

  • 8

    What does a utility patent cover?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A utility patent, the main type of patent, covers inventions that function in a unique manner to produce a utilitarian result.

    解説

  • 9

    What does a design patent cover?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A design patent covers the unique, ornamental, or visible shape or surface ornamentation of an article or object, even if only on a computer screen.

    解説

  • 10

    What does a plant patent cover?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A plant patent covers asexually reproducible plants

    解説

  • 11

    How about sexually reproducible plants (that is, those that use pollination)?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • They can be monopolized under the Plant Variety Protection Act (7 USC 2321).

    解説

  • 12

    Does utility patent cover these plans?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Both sexually and asexually reproducible plants can now also be monopolized by utility patent (35 USC 101).

    解説

  • 13

    Name the two requirements that all the three types of patents must meet?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The invention must satisfy the “novelty” and “unobviousness” requirements of the patent laws.

    解説

  • 14

    In addition to being novel and unobvious, what requirements do utility patents must meet?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Utility inventions must also be “in a statutory class” and be useful.

    解説

  • 15

    How long can the patent owner exclude others from infringing the exclusive rights granted by your patent?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Utility and plant patents expire 20 years from the date of filing while design patents last 14 years from the date of issuance.

    解説

  • 16

    What is the pendency period?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The pendency period is from the date of filing to issuance.

    解説

  • 17

    In what conditions, may an inventor obtain royalties from an infringer during the pendency period?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (1) the patent application is published,(2) the application later issues as a patent; and (3) the infringer had actual notice of the published application. (35 USC 122, 154.)

    解説

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