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World History Midterm Events/ Institutions Updated

カード 170枚 作成者: rumina (作成日: 2015/03/15)

  • the belief that the ruler's authority comes directly from God

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教材の説明:

Final version with all 170 terms

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  • 1

    the belief that the ruler's authority comes directly from God

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Divine Right

    解説

  • 2

    Massacre of Huguenots by Catholic royals in 1572 in France

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • St Bartholomew's Day

    解説

  • 3

    official appointed by French king Louis XIV to govern provinces, collect taxes, and recruit soldiers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Intendants

    解説

  • 4

    people who called for simpler services and a more democratic church without bishops

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Puritans

    解説

  • 5

    English republic under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Commonwealth

    解説

  • 6

    government in which a constitution of a legislative body limits the monarch's powers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Limited monarchy

    解説

  • 7

    rulers of Central European empire that lasted from the 1400s to the 1900s and at its height included the lands of the Holy Roman Empire and the Netherlands

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Habsburgs

    解説

  • 8

    landowning nobles in Russia under the tsars

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Boyars

    解説

  • 9

    right that belongs to all humans from birth, such as life, liberty, and property

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Natural Rights

    解説

  • 10

    policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Laissez-faire

    解説

  • 11

    An act that joined the two Canadas into one province

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Act of Union

    解説

  • 12

    the clergy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • First Estate

    解説

  • 13

    situation in which a government spends more money than it takes in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Deficit spending

    解説

  • 14

    time period during the French Revolution when people in France were arrested for not supporting the revolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Reign of Terror

    解説

  • 15

    a constitution during the French Revolution that insisted that governments exist to protect the natural rights of citizens; first draft written by Lafayette

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Declaration of the Rights of Men

    解説

  • 16

    working-class men or women who made the French Revolution more radical; wore long trousers in stead of the fancy knee breeches that the upper class wore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sans-culottes

    解説

  • 17

    political body that gained virtual dictatorial control over France during the Reign of Terror

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Committee of Public Safety

    解説

  • 18

    The World War II military campaign in which Allied troops liberated Italy.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Italian Campaign

    解説

  • 19

    body of French civil laws introduced in 1804; served as model for many nations' civil codes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Code Napoleon

    解説

  • 20

    Napoleon's invasion of Russia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Moscow Campaign

    解説

  • 21

    a coalition created by the monarchist great powers of Russia, Austria and Prussia.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Holy Alliance

    解説

  • 22

    rotation cycle which rotated wheat, barley, a root like turnips, and a nitrogen fixing crop like clover

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Four-field system

    解説

  • 23

    investment of profit income or savings, especially in real capital goods.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Capital accumulation

    解説

  • 24

    movement of people from rural areas to cities

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Urbanization

    解説

  • 25

    idea that the goal of society should be to bring about the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Utilitarianism

    解説

  • 26

    working class

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Proletariat

    解説

  • 27

    production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Assembly line

    解説

  • 28

    a groups of companies that join together to control the production and price of a product

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cartels

    解説

  • 29

    an organization or voluntary association formed to provide mutual aid, benefit, or insurance for relief from sundry difficulties.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mutual aid societies

    解説

  • 30

    right of women to vote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Women's suffrage

    解説

  • 31

    theory that states members of each species constantly competed to survive;"survival of the fittest"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Natural selection

    解説

  • 32

    19th century artistic movement that appealed to emotion rather than reason

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Romanticism

    解説

  • 33

    Bismarck's "battle for civilization," in which his goal was to make Catholics put loyalty to the state above their allegiance to the Church

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Kulturkampf

    解説

  • 34

    a country with a market economy but with increased government responsibility for the social and economic needs of its people

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Welfare state

    解説

  • 35

    the monarchy of Austria-Hungary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Dual Monarchy

    解説

  • 36

    elected national legislature in Russia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Duma

    解説

  • 37

    votes cast without announcing them publicly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Secret ballot

    解説

  • 38

    a canal linking the Red Sea and Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea, which also links Europe to Asia and East Africa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Suez Canal

    解説

  • 39

    temporary alliance of various political parties

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coalition

    解説

  • 40

    country with its own government but under the control of an outside power

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Protectorate

    解説

  • 41

    deliberate attempt to destroy an entire religious or ethnic group

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Genocide

    解説

  • 42

    isolation of women in separate quarters

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Purdah

    解説

  • 43

    peasant revolt in China

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Taiping Rebellion

    解説

  • 44

    having a ruler with complete authority over the government and lives of the people

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Absolute Monarchy

    解説

  • 45

    French protestant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Huguenot

    解説

  • 46

    policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imported in order to build its supply of gold and silver

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mercantilism

    解説

  • 47

    English Parliament that lasted off from 1640-1653; executed Charles I's chief ministers, called for the abolition of bishops, and declared that the Parliament could not be dissolved without its own consent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Long Parliament

    解説

  • 48

    an event in which King Charles II (the exiled Stuart king) was restored to the English throne after the end of Commonwealth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Restoration

    解説

  • 49

    series of conflicts in central Europe; resulted in French victory and division of 360 German states (1618-1648)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Thirty Years' War

    解説

  • 50

    the powerful ruling dynasty of Prussia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Hohenzollerns

    解説

  • 51

    partition by Catherine King Frederick II of Prussia, and Emperor Joseph II of Austria in 1772

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Partition of Poland

    解説

  • 52

    published by Montesquieu; three branches and checks and balances

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Spirit of the Laws

    解説

  • 53

    novel by Voltaire about traveling around the world in search of "the best of all possible worlds"; he uses the tale to expose the corruption and hypocrisy of European society

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Candide

    解説

  • 54

    parliamentary advisors to the king who originally met in a small room

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cabinet system

    解説

  • 55

    nobility of French society;got top jobs in government, the army, the courts and the Church

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Second Estate

    解説

  • 56

    notebooks used during French Revolution to record grievances

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Les Cahiers

    解説

  • 57

    fortress in Paris used as a prison; French Revolution began when Parisians stormed it in 1789

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bastille

    解説

  • 58

    constitution by the National Assembly that put the French Catholic Church under state control; bishops and priests became elected, salaried officials

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Civil Constitution of the Clergy

    解説

  • 59

    members of a radical political club during the French Revolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Jacobins

    解説

  • 60

    requisition of all able-bodied men to defend the nation and its rise as a military tactic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Levée en masse

    解説

  • 61

    Napoleon's campaign which resulted to be a disaster but he managed to hide the story by establishing a network of spies and censoring the press (1793)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Egyptian Campaign

    解説

  • 62

    add a territory to an existing state or country

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Annex

    解説

  • 63

    the period between Emperor Napoleon of France's return from exile on Elba to Paris on 20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 100 Days

    解説

  • 64

    principle by which monarchies that had been unseated by the French Revolution or Napoleon were restored

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Legitimacy

    解説

  • 65

    the process of taking over and consolidating land formerly shared by peasant farmers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Enclosure

    解説

  • 66

    a system developed in he 18th century in which tasks were distributed to individuals who completed the work in their own homes; also known as "putting-out system" or cottage industry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Domestic system

    解説

  • 67

    multistory building divided into crowded apartments

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tenements

    解説

  • 68

    system in which the people as a whole rather than private individuals own all property and operate all businesses

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Socialism

    解説

  • 69

    belief in the value of established and traditional practices in politics and society

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Conservatism

    解説

  • 70

    business owned by many investors who buy shares of stock and risk only the amount of their investment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Corporations

    解説

  • 71

    the theory that infectious diseases are caused by certain microbes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Germ theory

    解説

  • 72

    measures the quality and availability of necessities and comforts in a society

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Standard of living

    解説

  • 73

    primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Public education

    解説

  • 74

    applying the idea of survival of the fittest to war and economic competition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Social Darwinism

    解説

  • 75

    19th century artistic movement whose aim was to represent the world as it is

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Realism

    解説

  • 76

    states that caused the Danish War between Prussia, Austria, and Denmark

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Schleswig-Holstein

    解説

  • 77

    secret society founded by Mazzini; its goal was "to constitute Italy, one, free independent, republican nation."

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Young Italy

    解説

  • 78

    Russian left-wing terrorist organization in the late 19th century, best known for the successful assassination of Tsar Alexander II of Russia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • People's Will

    解説

  • 79

    violent attack on a Jewish community

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pogrom

    解説

  • 80

    members of suffrage movements

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Suffragists

    解説

  • 81

    man-made waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Panama Canal

    解説

  • 82

    area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sphere of influence

    解説

  • 83

    Indian soldier who served in an army set up by the French or English trading companies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sepoys

    解説

  • 84

    the Indian Congress party that called for greater democracy; looked forward to eventual self-rule, but supported Western-style modernization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Indian National Congress

    解説

  • 85

    American approach to China around 1900, favoring open trade relations between China and other nations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Open Door Policy

    解説

  • 86

    fleet of ships

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Armada

    解説

  • 87

    uprising of various groups in France (1648-1653)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fronde

    解説

  • 88

    distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Balance of Power

    解説

  • 89

    supporters of Charles (wealthy nobles with long hair )and the forces of Parliament (country gentry, town-dwelling manufacturers, and Puritan clergy)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cavaliers and Roundheads

    解説

  • 90

    no person could be held in prison without first being charged with a specific rime; found in the English Bill of Rights

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Habeas corpus

    解説

  • 91

    soldiers serving in a foreign army for pay

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mercenaries

    解説

  • 92

    absolute monarchy using his or her power to bring about political and social change

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Enlightened Despotism

    解説

  • 93

    rules of conduct discoverable by reason

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Natural Laws

    解説

  • 94

    French thinkers who desired reform in society during the Enlightenment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Philosophes

    解説

  • 95

    ornate style of art and architecture popular in the 1600s and 1700s

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Baroque

    解説

  • 96

    the head of the cabinet;leader of the majority party in the House of Commons

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Prime minister

    解説

  • 97

    at the top sat the bourgeoisie and the bulk consisted rural peasants; poorest were the urban workers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Third Estate

    解説

  • 98

    famous oath made on a tennis court by members of the Third Estate in France

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tennis Court Oath

    解説

  • 99

    tales of attacks on villages and towns that spread panic in pre-revolutionary France

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Great Fear

    解説

  • 100

    the unsuccessful attempted escape of Louis XVI and his his family from Paris

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Flight to Varennes

    解説

  • 101

    right to vote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Suffrage

    解説

  • 102

    period of reaction against extremism (1795-1799) of the French revolutionary era; weak but dictatorial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Directory

    解説

  • 103

    ballot in which voters have a direct say on an issue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Plebiscite

    解説

  • 104

    blockade designed by Napoleon to hurt Britain economically by closing European ports to British goods; ultimately unsuccessful

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Continental System

    解説

  • 105

    British forces under the Duke of Wellington and a Prussian army crushed the French led by Napoleon; Napoleon went into exile on St. Helena

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Waterloo

    解説

  • 106

    a system in which Austria, Russia, Prussia, and great Britain met periodically to discuss any problems affecting the peace in Europe; resulted from the post-Napoleonic era Quadruple Alliance; also known as Concert of Europe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Congress System

    解説

  • 107

    the practice of growing a series of dissimilar/different types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Crop rotation

    解説

  • 108

    method of manufacturing first adopted in England at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution which replaced the putting-out system.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Factory system

    解説

  • 109

    religious movement founded by John Wesley that helped to channel workers' anger away from revolution and toward reform

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Methodism

    解説

  • 110

    people who believe in idealistic or visionary, usually used to describe a perfect society

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Utopians

    解説

  • 111

    belief in the value of social and political change in order to achieve progress

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Liberalism

    解説

  • 112

    shares in a company or owner of a share of stock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Stock or shareholders

    解説

  • 113

    the process of fixing up the poor areas of a city

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Urban renewal

    解説

  • 114

    idealization of women and the home

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cult of domesticity

    解説

  • 115

    theory developed by John Dalton which showed that each element has its own kind of atoms and how different kinds of atoms combine to make all chemical substances

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Atomic theory

    解説

  • 116

    movement of the 1800s that urged Christians to do social service

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Social Gospel

    解説

  • 117

    school of painting of the late 1800s and early 1900s that tried to capture fleeting visual impressions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Impressionism

    解説

  • 118

    a coalition of German states formed to manage tariffs and economic policies within their territory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Zollverein

    解説

  • 119

    Italian unification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Risorgimento

    解説

  • 120

    granting of freedom to serfs or slaves

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Emancipation

    解説

  • 121

    rural town in England that sent members to Parliament despite having few or no voters

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rotten borough

    解説

  • 122

    a period of mass starvation, disease and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1852; "Great Hunger"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Potato famine

    解説

  • 123

    hatred of Jewish people

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Anti-semitism

    解説

  • 124

    belief that one racial group is superior to another

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Racism

    解説

  • 125

    an Islamic term referring to a religious duty of Muslims

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Jihad

    解説

  • 126

    one who governed in India in the name of the British monarch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Viceroy

    解説

  • 127

    formed by Muslims to prevent a Hindu-run government (not sure, p409)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Muslim League

    解説

  • 128

    anti-foreign movement in China from 1898-1900

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Boxer Rebellion

    解説

  • 129

    referred for the brilliance of Spanish arts and literature (1550-1650)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Siglo de Oro

    解説

  • 130

    legislative body made up of representatives of the three estates in prerevolutionary France

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Estates General

    解説

  • 131

    Protestant whose views and opinions differed from those of the Church of England; clashed with James I

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Dissenters

    解説

  • 132

    organized by Cromwell for Parliament; made up of officials selected for skill rather than social class

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • New Model Army

    解説

  • 133

    bloodless overthrow of James II; William and Mary replaced his position

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Glorious Revolution

    解説

  • 134

    series of treaties that ended the Thirty Years' War

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Peace of Westphalia

    解説

  • 135

    the second imperial dynasty, after the Rurik dynasty, to rule over Russia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Romanovs

    解説

  • 136

    an agreement by which people gave up their freedom to a powerful government in order to avoid chaos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Social Contract

    解説

  • 137

    edited by Diderot which explained ideas on topics such as government, philosophy, and religion; French government argued that it was an attack on public morals

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Encyclopedia

    解説

  • 138

    personal, elegant style of art and architecture made popular during the mid-1700s that featured designs with the shapes of leaves, shells, and flowers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rococo

    解説

  • 139

    government in which ruling power belongs to a few people

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Oligarchy

    解説

  • 140

    the middle class

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bourgeoisie

    解説

  • 141

    the second imperial dynasty, after the Rurik dynasty, to rule over Russia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • National Assembly

    解説

  • 142

    a largely middle-class militia organized in response to the arrival of royal troops in Paris; headed by Lafayette

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • National Guard

    解説

  • 143

    in the declaration, Leopold II (Austria) and Frederick William II (Prussia) that threatened to intervene to protect the French monarchy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Declaration of Pillnitz

    解説

  • 144

    radical legislative body that voted to abolish the monarchy and establish the French Republic; controlled by the Jacobins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • National Convention

    解説

  • 145

    French port city; troops marched to a patriotic song as they marched from this city, the song eventually became the French national anthem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Marseillaise

    解説

  • 146

    peace made in 1801 by Napoleon and the Catholic Church that kept the Church under state control but recognized religious freedom for Catholics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Concordat

    解説

  • 147

    shutting off ports to keep people or supplies from moving in or out; Napoleon vs. Britain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Blockade

    解説

  • 148

    assembly of European leaders that met after the Napoleonic era to piece Europe back together; met from September 1814 to June 1815

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Congress of Vienna

    解説

  • 149

    led by Dutch; they build dikes, combined smaller fields into larger ones and used fertilizer from livestock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Agricultural Revolution

    解説

  • 150

    a period in which fundamental changes occurred in agriculture, textile and metal manufacture, transportation, economic policies and the social structure; led by England

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Industrial Revolution

    解説

  • 151

    private roads built by entrepreneurs who charged a toll, or fee, to travelers who used it

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Turnpikes

    解説

  • 152

    workers' organizations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Labor unions

    解説

  • 153

    form of socialism advocated by Marx; according to him, class struggle was inevitable and would lead to the creation of a classless society in which all wealth and property would be owned by the community as a whole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Communism

    解説

  • 154

    a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Nationalism

    解説

  • 155

    complete control of a product or business by one person or group

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Monopolies

    解説

  • 156

    heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing and squalor.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Slums

    解説

  • 157

    campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Temperance movement

    解説

  • 158

    the process by which changes in plants and animals happen over time

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Evolution

    解説

  • 159

    set up by William and Catherine Booth in London to spread Christian teachings and provide social services

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Salvation Army

    解説

  • 160

    movement in France that represented both an extension of Impressionism and a rejection of that style's inherent limitations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Post-Impressionism

    解説

  • 161

    realistic politics based on the needs of the state

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Realpolitik

    解説

  • 162

    someone who wants to abolish all government

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Anarchists

    解説

  • 163

    local elected assembly set up in Russia under Alexander II

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Zemstvo

    解説

  • 164

    protesters who drew up the People's Charter; the petition demanded universal male suffrage, annual parliamentary elections,salaries for members of Parliament, and secret ballot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Chartists

    解説

  • 165

    local self-government

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Home rule

    解説

  • 166

    a movement devoted to rebuilding a Jewish state in Palestine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Zionism

    解説

  • 167

    domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Imperialism

    解説

  • 168

    Islamic reform movement in Arabia that rejected the school of theology and law that had emerged in the Ottoman Empire; wanted to recapture the purity and simplicity of Muhammad's original teachings

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Wahhabi

    解説

  • 169

    Hindu custom that called for a widow to join her husband in death by throwing herself on his funeral pyre

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sati

    解説

  • 170

    right of foreigners to be protected by the laws of their own nation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Extraterritoriality

    解説

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