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World History Midterm People

カード 165枚 作成者: rumina (作成日: 2015/03/10)

  • Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain; fought to suppress Protestantism in German states and also faced the Muslim Ottoman Empire

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  • 1

    Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain; fought to suppress Protestantism in German states and also faced the Muslim Ottoman Empire

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Charles V

    解説

  • 2

    Master of Spanish painting

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • El Greco

    解説

  • 3

    Huguenot prince who converted to Catholicism to end the conflict but protected Protestants; "a chicken in every pot"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Henry IV

    解説

  • 4

    Minister of Finances of Louis XIV

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Colbert

    解説

  • 5

    king of England; absolute monarch who dissolved Parliament and was the enemy of Puritans

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Charles I

    解説

  • 6

    strengthened Habsburg power by reorganizing the bureaucracy and improving tax collections

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Maria Theresa

    解説

  • 7

    modernized and westernized Russia; strengthened serfdom from using terror to enforce his absolute power

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Peter the Great

    解説

  • 8

    separation of powers; checks and balances

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Montesquieu

    解説

  • 9

    free market; laissez faire

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Adam Smith

    解説

  • 10

    child prodigy who gained instant celebrity status as a composer and performer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mozart

    解説

  • 11

    they were invited to force James II to flee; Glorious Revolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • William and Mary

    解説

  • 12

    aristocratic "hero of two worlds": fought alongside G. Washington; headed the National Guard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lafayette

    解説

  • 13

    an influential French painter in the Neoclassical style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • David

    解説

  • 14

    tsar of Russia; withdrew his support from Continental System

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Alexander I

    解説

  • 15

    British statesman; he was determined to prevent a revival of French military power in the Congress of Vienna

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Castlereagh

    解説

  • 16

    steam engine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Newcomen

    解説

  • 17

    water frame

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Arkwright

    解説

  • 18

    steamboat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fulton

    解説

  • 19

    British philosopher and economist who believed in individual freedom; wanted the government to step in to improve the hard lives of the working class

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mill

    解説

  • 20

    inventor of dynamite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Nobel

    解説

  • 21

    expanded Spanish influence, strengthened the Catholic Church, and made his own power absolute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Philip II

    解説

  • 22

    court painter of King Philip IV

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Velazquez

    解説

  • 23

    French absolute monarchy; "I am the State"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Louis XIV

    解説

  • 24

    French dramatist in 17th-century France

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Racine

    解説

  • 25

    general who organized a "New Model Army"; Puritan member of of the lesser gentry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cromwell

    解説

  • 26

    emperor of Austria; the most radical of enlightened despot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Joseph II

    解説

  • 27

    absolute monarchy;reorganized the provincial government, codified laws, and began estate-sponsored education for boys and girls

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Catherine the Great

    解説

  • 28

    battled corruption, injustice, and inequality; defended freedom of speech

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Voltaire

    解説

  • 29

    Dutch painter in Baroque era

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rembrandt

    解説

  • 30

    author of Robinson Crusoe; tale about a sailor shipwrecked in an island

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Defoe

    解説

  • 31

    financial expert; advisor of Louis XVI

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Necker

    解説

  • 32

    Irish statesman who served in the House of Commons of Great Britain as a member of the Whig party

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Burke

    解説

  • 33

    led the British navy and smashed the French Napoleonic fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Nelson

    解説

  • 34

    invented the process for making steel from iron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bessemer

    解説

  • 35

    Prime Minister of France; shrewdly played the other leader so France would be accepted as an equal partner in Congress of Vienna

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Talleyrand

    解説

  • 36

    used coal instead of charcoal to smelt tron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Darby

    解説

  • 37

    ...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Crompton

    解説

  • 38

    population growth could outpace food supply

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Malthus

    解説

  • 39

    Utopian communities

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Owen

    解説

  • 40

    dynamo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Faraday

    解説

  • 41

    consulted and controlled Parliament: popular and successful ruler

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Elizabeth I

    解説

  • 42

    Spanish playwright and poet in Spanish Golden Age

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lope de Vega

    解説

  • 43

    successor of Richelieu; served as chief minister when Louis XIV was young

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mazarin

    解説

  • 44

    a French playwright and actor; masters of comedy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Molière

    解説

  • 45

    popular ruler who eliminated the strict rules during the Commonwealth;king of England

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Charles II

    解説

  • 46

    Prussian ruler who strengthened the army

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Frederick William I

    解説

  • 47

    social contract in which people give power to the government for an organized society

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Hobbes

    解説

  • 48

    Encyclopedia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Diderot

    解説

  • 49

    a devout German Lutheran who wrote religious works of organ and choirs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bach

    解説

  • 50

    the first Prime Minister of Great Britain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Walpole

    解説

  • 51

    French emperor executed during the French Revolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Louis XVI

    解説

  • 52

    lawyer and political who led the Committee of Public Safety during the Reign of Terror

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Robespierre

    解説

  • 53

    led the British and crushed the French at the Battle of Waterloo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Wellington

    解説

  • 54

    experimented with sharp brush lines and bright colors; Post-Impressionism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Van Gogh

    解説

  • 55

    urged farmers to grow Turnips

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Townshend

    解説

  • 56

    flying shuttle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Kay

    解説

  • 57

    power loom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cartwright

    解説

  • 58

    author of "Iron Law of Wages"; laissez-faire economist who opposed any government help for the poor.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ricardo

    解説

  • 59

    Communism, Marxism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Marx

    解説

  • 60

    first electric light bulb

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Edison

    解説

  • 61

    English captain appointed by Elizabeth I to plunder Spanish; sea dog

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Francis Drake

    解説

  • 62

    author of Don Quixote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cervantes

    解説

  • 63

    chief minister appointed by Louis XIII who strengthened the central government

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Richelieu

    解説

  • 64

    absolute monarch who dissolved Parliament and was the enemy of P

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • James I

    解説

  • 65

    forced to flee England because he practiced his Catholic faith openly; king of England

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • James II

    解説

  • 66

    used disciplined army; seized Silesia from Austria

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Frederick the Great

    解説

  • 67

    natural rights--life, liberty, and property

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Locke

    解説

  • 68

    social contract in which people follow the "general will" for the true liberty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rousseau

    解説

  • 69

    German-born composer who spent much of his life in England; Messiah

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Handel

    解説

  • 70

    king of England; he set out to reassert royal power but many of his policies failed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • George III

    解説

  • 71

    Austrian-born queen of France

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Marie Antoinette

    解説

  • 72

    French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Napoleon

    解説

  • 73

    King of Naples and Sicily and later King of Spain; brother of Napoleon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Joseph Bonaparte

    解説

  • 74

    dominant figure at the Congress of Vienna

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Metternich

    解説

  • 75

    seed drill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tull

    解説

  • 76

    spinning jenny

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Hargreaves

    解説

  • 77

    steam-powered locomotive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Stephenson

    解説

  • 78

    Utilitarianism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bentham

    解説

  • 79

    author of The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844 and father of Marxism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Engels

    解説

  • 80

    used assembly line to mass-produce cars

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ford

    解説

  • 81

    first automobile which had three wheels

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Benz

    解説

  • 82

    patented the telephone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bell

    解説

  • 83

    owner of Standard Oil Company which dominated the world's petroleum industry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rockefeller

    解説

  • 84

    discovered how antiseptics prevented infection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lister

    解説

  • 85

    theory of natural selection; On the Origin of Species

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Darwin

    解説

  • 86

    writer who evoked the turbulent history of Scottish clans or medieval knights; Ivanhoe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Scott

    解説

  • 87

    French painter who used bright colors to convey violent energy and emotion; Romanticism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Delacroix

    解説

  • 88

    novelist who re-created France's past; The Three Musketeers and The Hunchback of Notre Dame; romanticism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Hugo

    解説

  • 89

    brushed strokes of color side by side without any blending; Impressionism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Monet

    解説

  • 90

    first four-wheeled automobile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Daimler

    解説

  • 91

    invented the radio

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Marconi

    解説

  • 92

    showed the link between microbes and disease; discovered pasteurization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pasteur

    解説

  • 93

    led the urban renewal in Paris; chief planner for Napoleon III

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Haussmann

    解説

  • 94

    set up the Salvation Army in London to spread Christian teachings and provide social services

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Booth

    解説

  • 95

    German composer who combined classical forms with a stirring range of sound; romanticism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Beethoven

    解説

  • 96

    French realist painter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Courbet

    解説

  • 97

    French Neoclassical painter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ingres

    解説

  • 98

    painted modern life, and a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Manet

    解説

  • 99

    American bicycle makers; designed the airplane

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Wright Brothers

    解説

  • 100

    novelist who fought for justice and equality; known for Germinal and J'Accuse!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Zola

    解説

  • 101

    identified the bacterium that caused tuberculosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Koch

    解説

  • 102

    crusaded against slavery before organizing a movement for women's rights

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Susan B Anthony

    解説

  • 103

    German writer who wrote the dramatic poem Faust; romanticism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Goethe

    解説

  • 104

    wove traditional folk melodies into his works to glorify his nations's past; udes Polish peasant dances

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Chopin

    解説

  • 105

    English novelist who vividly portrayed the lives of slum dwellers and factory workers; realism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Dickens

    解説

  • 106

    founder of the Romantic movement in England; poet, literary critic and philosopher

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coleridge

    解説

  • 107

    brushed strokes of color side by side without any blending; Impressionism; painted ballet dancers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Degas

    解説

  • 108

    developed the telegraph

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Morse

    解説

  • 109

    produced steel and weapons for a world market

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Krupp

    解説

  • 110

    insisted on better hygiene in British hospitals; founder of the world's first school of nursing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Nightingale

    解説

  • 111

    developed modern atomic theory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Dalton

    解説

  • 112

    British novelist of Jane Eyre, a tale about quiet governess and her brooding, whose mansion conceals a terrifying secret

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bronte

    解説

  • 113

    landscape painter who sought to capture the beauty and power of nature; romanticism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • JMW Turner

    解説

  • 114

    Norwegian dramatist who attacked the hypocrisy around him in the play; A Doll's House and An Enemy of the People

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ibsen

    解説

  • 115

    uses brooding colors and black outlining of shapes that conveys intense feelings and images; Post-Impressionism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Gauguin

    解説

  • 116

    arranged small dots of color to define the shapes of objects; Post Impressionism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Seurat

    解説

  • 117

    a French composer; composed Impressionist music along with Ravel; "La Mer" and "Claire de Lune"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Debussy

    解説

  • 118

    Jewish high-ranking officer accused of spying for Germany

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Dreyfus

    解説

  • 119

    Best-known explorer & missionary; opposed slave trade and tried to shed light on how Africa really was

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Livingstone

    解説

  • 120

    Author of J'Accuse; convicted of libel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Zola

    解説

  • 121

    leader of Irish Independence; gained right for Roman Catholics to sit in Parliament

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • O'Connell

    解説

  • 122

    German kaiser who appointed Bismarck

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Wilhelm I

    解説

  • 123

    invaded Sicily with 1,000 Red Shirt volunteers and captured Naples; ally of Mazzini

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Garibaldi

    解説

  • 124

    Habsburg empire who grated limited reforms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Francis Joseph

    解説

  • 125

    last Russian tsar; insisted on industrialization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Nicholas II

    解説

  • 126

    Scholar and preacher; called for social and religious reforms based on Islamic law

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Usman dan Fodio

    解説

  • 127

    Journalist and explorer hired by a newspaper to find Dr. Livingstone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Henry Stanley

    解説

  • 128

    a Muslim savior of the faith

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mahdi

    解説

  • 129

    Empress of China who surrounded herself with advisors who were deeply committed to Confucian (conservative ) traditions.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ci Xi

    解説

  • 130

    French composer of "Bolero"; music with vivid impressions without being tied to rigid form

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ravel

    解説

  • 131

    Prime minister of war accused of plotting to overthrow the Third Republic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Boulanger

    解説

  • 132

    leader of the British women's suffrage movement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pankhurst

    解説

  • 133

    French diplomat who built the Suez Canal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • De Lesseps

    解説

  • 134

    Irish landlord, nationalist political leader, land reform agitator, and the founder and leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Parnell

    解説

  • 135

    German emperor who forced Bismarck to resign in 1890; believed in divine right

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Wilhelm II

    解説

  • 136

    constitutional monarch of Sardinia who appointed Cavour; completed the unification of Italy and became the first king of Italy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Victor Emmanuel II

    解説

  • 137

    Hungarian leader who helped out work the Dual Monarchy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Deak

    解説

  • 138

    led the peaceful protest that ended in Bloody Sunday

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Gapon

    解説

  • 139

    Shaka Zulu Zulu ruler; waged war on nearby colonies and cemented Zulu pride

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Shaka Zulu

    解説

  • 140

    King of Belgium that hired Henry Stanley to explore the Congo River basin; dreamed only of making money

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Leopold II

    解説

  • 141

    Ambitious soldier appointed governor of Egypt by the Ottomans

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Muhammad Ali

    解説

  • 142

    French poet and translator of Edgar Allan Poe; "The Flowers of Evil"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Baudelaire

    解説

  • 143

    gave the vote to farmworkers and most other men in the 1880s; led the Liberal party

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Gladstone

    解説

  • 144

    founder of the French Union for Women's Suffrage; favored legal protests

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Schmal

    解説

  • 145

    set up the Second Empire;promoted economic growth but failed in foreign affairs; ruled almost as a dictator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Napoleon III

    解説

  • 146

    liberal politician who passed laws aimed at improving social conditions in 1840s; "Four [ghosts] that hount the Poor: Old Age, Accident, Sickness, and Unemployment"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lloyd George

    解説

  • 147

    founder of Young Italy, a nationalistic movement that wanted to end foreign control ; helped set up a revolutionary republic in Rome in 1849

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mazzini

    解説

  • 148

    pope during the reign of Victor Emmanuel II; his old adversary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pius IX

    解説

  • 149

    Emperor of Russia during the Crimean War; advocated moderate reforms for Russia; emancipated the serfs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Alexander II

    解説

  • 150

    prime minister appointed by Nicolas; moderate land reform

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Stolypin

    解説

  • 151

    Scottish explorer of the African continent.;first Westerner known to have travelled to the central portion of the Niger River

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mungo Park

    解説

  • 152

    British businessman, mining magnate, and politician in South Africa; founder of the southern African territory of Rhodesia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cecil Rhodes

    解説

  • 153

    Young emperor who launched the Hundred Days of Reform

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Guang Xu

    解説

  • 154

    Hungarian composer and pianist; romanticism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Liszt

    解説

  • 155

    extended suffrage in 1867, hoping to gain working-class support; led the Conservative party

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Disraeli

    解説

  • 156

    Helped launch modern Zionism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Herzl

    解説

  • 157

    an Austrian Hapsburg prince who was placed by Napoleon on the throne of Mexico; overthrown and shot by Mexican patriots

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Maximilian

    解説

  • 158

    used his policy of "blood and iron" to united German states under Prussian rule

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bismarck

    解説

  • 159

    Prime Minister of Italy; united the different kingdoms of Italy through Realpolitik

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cavour

    解説

  • 160

    Austrian dominant figure at the Congress of Vienna

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Metternich

    解説

  • 161

    harsh tsar who increased the power of the secret police, restored strict censorship, andexiled critics to Siberia; pogroms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Alexander III

    解説

  • 162

    the leader of the Bolshevik Revolution and founder of the Soviet Union

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lenin

    解説

  • 163

    The explorer that found the source of the Nile River

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Richard Burton

    解説

  • 164

    Ruler of Ethiopia who modernized the country

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Menelik II

    解説

  • 165

    Organized the Revolutionary Alliance to rebuild China on "Three Principles of the People"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sun Yixian

    解説

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