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AP American History Chapter 22 Terms

カード 19枚 作成者: American history (作成日: 2014/01/06)

  • Freedmen's Bureau

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  • 1

    Freedmen's Bureau

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • created to aid newly emancipated slaves by providing food, clothing, medical care, education, and legal support; its achievements were uneven and depended largely on the quality of local administrators

    解説

  • 2

    10 Percent Reconstruction Plan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • introduced by President Lincoln, it proposed that a state be readmitted to the Union once 10 percent of its voters had pledged loyalty to the United States and promised to honor emancipation

    解説

  • 3

    Wade-Davis Bill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • passed by Congressional Republicans in response to Abraham Lincoln's 10 percent plan, it required that 50 percent of a state's voters pledge allegiance to the Union, and set stronger safeguards for emancipation; reflected divisions between Congress and the President, and between radical and moderate Republicans, over the treatment of the defeated South

    解説

  • 4

    Black Codes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • laws passed throughout the South to restrict the rights of emancipated blacks, particularly with respect to negotiating labor contracts; increased Northerners' criticisms of President Andrew Johnson's lenient Reconstruction policies

    解説

  • 5

    Pacific Railroad Act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • helped fund the construction of the Union Pacific transcontinental railroad with the use of land grants and government bonds

    解説

  • 6

    Civil Rights Bill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • passed over Andrew Johnson's veto, this bill aimed to counteract the Black Codes by conferring citizenship of African-Americans and making it a crime to deprive blacks of their rights to sue, testify in court, or hold property

    解説

  • 7

    Fourteenth Amendment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Constitutional amendment that extended civil rights to freedmen and prohibited states from taking away such rights without due process

    解説

  • 8

    Reconstruction Act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • passed by the newly elected Republican Congress, it divided the South into five military districts, disenfranchised former confederates, and required that Southern states both ratify the Fourteenth Amendment and write state constitutions guaranteeing freedmen the franchise before gaining readmission to the Union

    解説

  • 9

    Fifteenth Amendment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • prohibited states from denying citizens the franchise on account of race; it disappointed feminists who wanted the Amendment to include guarantees for women's suffrage

    解説

  • 10

    Ex parte Milligan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Civil War Era case in which the Supreme Court ruled that military tribunals could not be used to try civilians if civil courts were open

    解説

  • 11

    Redeemers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Southern Democratic politicians who sought to wrest control from Republican regimes in the South after Reconstruction

    解説

  • 12

    Woman's Loyal League

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • women's organization formed to help bring about an end to the Civil War and encourage Congress to pass a constitutional amendment prohibiting slavery

    解説

  • 13

    Union League

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Reconstruction-Era African-American organization that worked to educate Southern blacks about civic life, built black schools and churches, and represented African-American interests before government employers; it also campaigned on behalf of Republican candidates and recruited local militias to protect blacks from white intimidation

    解説

  • 14

    Scalawags

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • derogatory term for pro-Union Southerners whom Southern Democrats accused of plundering the resources of the South in collusion with Republican governments after the Civil War

    解説

  • 15

    Carpetbaggers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pejorative used by Southern whites to describe Northern businessmen and politicians who came to the South after the Civil War to work on Reconstruction projects or invest in Southern infastructure

    解説

  • 16

    Ku Klux Klan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an extremist, paramilitary, right-wing secret secret society founded in the mid-nineteenth century and revived during the 1920s, it was anti-foreign, anti-black, anti-Jewish, anti-pacifist, anti-Communist, anti-internationalist, anti-evolutionist, and anti-bootlegger, but pro-Anglo-Saxon and pro-Protestant; its members cloaked in sheets to conceal their identities, it terrorized freedmen and sympathetic whites throughout the South after the Civil War

    解説

  • 17

    Force Acts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • passed by Congress following a wave of Ku Klux Klan violence, the acts banned clan membership, prohibited the use of intimidation to prevent blacks from voting, and gave the U.S. military the authority to enforce the acts

    解説

  • 18

    Tenure of Office Act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • required the President to seek aproval from the Senate before removing appointees; when Andrew Johnson removed his secretary of war in violation of the act, he was impeached by the House but remained in office when the Senate fell one vote short of removing him

    解説

  • 19

    Seward's Folly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • popular term for Secretary of State William Seward's purchase of Alaska from Russia; the derisive term reflected the anti-expansionist sentiments of most Americans immediately after the Civil War

    解説

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