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AP American History Chapter 21 Terms

カード 22枚 作成者: American history (作成日: 2014/01/06)

  • Battle of Bull Run

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  • 1

    Battle of Bull Run

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • first major battle of the Civil War and a victory for the South, it dispelled Northern illusions of swift victory

    解説

  • 2

    Peninsula Campaign

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Union General George B. McClellan's failed effort to seize Richmond, the Confederate capital; had McClellan taken Richmond and toppled the Confederacy, slavery would have most likely survived in the South for some time

    解説

  • 3

    Merrimack

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Confederate ironclad whose success against wooden ships signaled an end to wooden warships; fought an historic though inconsequential battle against the Monitor in 1862

    解説

  • 4

    Monitor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Union ironclad whose success against wooden ships signaled an end to wooden warships; fought an historic though inconsequential battle against the Merrimack in 1862

    解説

  • 5

    Second Battle of Bull Run

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Civil War battle that ended in a decisive victory for Confederate General Robert E. Lee, who was emboldened to push further into the North

    解説

  • 6

    Battle of Antietam

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • landmark battle in the Civil War that essentially ended in a draw but demonstrated the prowess of the Union army, forestalling foreign intervention and giving Lincoln the "victory" he needed to issue the Emancipation Proclamation

    解説

  • 7

    Emancipation Proclamation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • declared all slaves in rebelling states to be free but did not affect slavery in non-rebelling Border States; the Proclamation closed the door on possible compromise with the South and encouraged thousands of Southern slaves to flee to Union lines

    解説

  • 8

    Thirteenth Amendment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • constitutional amendment prohibiting all forms of slavery and involuntary servitude; former Confederate states were required to ratify the amendment prior to gaining reentry into the Union

    解説

  • 9

    Battle of Fredericksburg

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • decisive victory in Virginia for Confederate Robert E. Lee, who successfully repelled a Union attack on his lines

    解説

  • 10

    Battle of Gettysburg

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Civil War battle in Pennsylvania that ended in Union victory, spelling doom for the Confederacy, which never again managed to invade the North; site of General George Pickett's daring but doomed charge on the Northern lines

    解説

  • 11

    Gettysburg Address

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Abraham Lincoln's oft-quoted speech, delivered at the dedication of the cemetery at Gettysburg battlefield; in the address, Lincoln framed the war as a means to uphold the values of liberty

    解説

  • 12

    Battle of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • key victory for Union General Ulysses S. Grant, it secured the North's hold on Kentucky and paved the way for Grant's attacks deeper into Tennessee

    解説

  • 13

    Battle of Shiloh

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bloody Civil War battle on the Tennesssee-Mississippi border that resulted in the deaths of more than 23,000 soldiers and ended in a marginal Union victory

    解説

  • 14

    Siege of Vicksburg

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • two-and-a-half month siege of a Confederate fort on the Mississippi River in Tennessee; the fort finally fell to Ulysses S. Grant in July of 1863, giving the Union Army control of the Mississippi River and splitting the South in two

    解説

  • 15

    Sherman's March

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Union General William Tecumseh Sherman's destructive march through Georgia; an early instance of "total war", purposely targeting infrastructure and civilian property to diminish morale and undercut the Confederate war effort

    解説

  • 16

    Congressional Committee on the Conduct of the War

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • established by Congress during the Civil War to oversee military affairs; largely under the control of Radical Republicans, the committee agitated for a more vigorous war effort and actively pressed Lincoln on the issue of emancipation

    解説

  • 17

    Copperheads

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Northern Democrats who obstructed the war effort by attacking Abraham Lincoln, the draft, and, after 1863 emancipation

    解説

  • 18

    The Man without a Country

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Edward Everett Hale's fictional account of a treasonous soldier's journeys in exile; the book was widely read in the North, inspiring greater devotion to the Union

    解説

  • 19

    Union Party

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a coalition party of pro-war Democrats and Republicans formed during the 1864 election to defeat anti-war Northern Democrats

    解説

  • 20

    Wilderness Campaign

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a series of brutal clashes between Ulysses S. Grant's and Robert E. Lee's armies in Virginia, leading up to Grant's capture of Richmond in April of 1865; having lost Richmond, Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse

    解説

  • 21

    Appomattox Courthouse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • site where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant in April 1865 after almost a year of brutal fighting throughout Virginia in the "Wilderness Campaign"

    解説

  • 22

    Reform Bill of 1867

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • granted suffrage to all male British citizens, dramatically expanding the electorate; the success of the American democratic experiment, reinforced by the Union victory in the Civil War, was used as one of the arguments in favor of this

    解説

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