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AP American History Chapter 20 Terms

カード 14枚 作成者: American history (作成日: 2014/01/06)

  • Fort Sumter

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  • 1

    Fort Sumter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • South Carolina location where Confederate forces fired the first shots of the Civil War in April of 1861, after Union forces attempted to provision the fort

    解説

  • 2

    Border States

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • five slave states--Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and West Virginia--that did not secede during the Civil War; to keep the states in the Union, Abraham Lincoln insisted that the war was not about abolishing slavery but rather protecting the Union

    解説

  • 3

    West Virginia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mountainous region that broke away from Virginia in 1861 to form its own state after Virginia seceded from the Union; most of its residents were independent farmers and miners who did not own slaves and thus opposed the Confederate cause

    解説

  • 4

    Trent Affair

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • diplomatic row that threatened to bring the British into the Civil War on the side of the Confederacy, after a Union warship stopped a British steamer and arrested two Confederate diplomats on board

    解説

  • 5

    Alabama

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • British-built and manned Confederate warship that raided Union shipping during the Civil War; one of many built by the British for the Confederacy, despite Union protests

    解説

  • 6

    Laird Rams

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • two well-armed ironclad warships constructed for the Confederacy by a British firm; seeking to avoid war with the United States, the British government purchased the two ships for its Royal Navy instead

    解説

  • 7

    Dominion of Canada

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • unified Canadian government created by Britain to bolster Canadians against potential attacks or overtures from the United States

    解説

  • 8

    Writ of Habeas Corpus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • petition requiring law enforcement officers to present detained individuals before the court to examine the legality of the arrest; protects individuals from arbitrary state action, though it was suspended by Lincoln during the Civil War

    解説

  • 9

    New York Draft Riots

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • uprising, mostly of working-class Irish-Americans, in protest of the draft; rioters were particularly incensed by the ability of the rich to hire substitutes or purchase exemptions

    解説

  • 10

    Morrill Tariff Act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • increased duties back up to 1846 levels to raise revenue for the Civil War

    解説

  • 11

    Greenbacks

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • paper currency issued by the Union Treasury during the Civil War; inadequately supported by gold, this fluctuated in value throughout the war, reaching a low of 39 cents on the dollar

    解説

  • 12

    National Banking System

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • network of member banks that could issue currency against purchased government bonds; created during the Civil War to establish a stable national currency and stimulate the sale of war bonds

    解説

  • 13

    Homestead Act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a federal law that gave settlers 160 acres of land for about 30 dollars if they lived on it for five years and improved it by, for instance, building a house on it; the act helped make land accessible to hundreds of thousands of westward-moving settlers, but many people also found disappointment when their land was infertile or they saw speculators grabbing up the best land

    解説

  • 14

    U.S. Sanitary Commission

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • founded with the help of Elizabeth Blackwell, the government agency trained nurses, collected medical supplies, and equipped hospitals in an effort to help the Union Army; it helped professionalize nursing and gave to many women the confidence and organizational skills to propel the women's movement in the postwar years

    解説

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