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AP American History Chapter 19 Terms

カード 15枚 作成者: American history (作成日: 2014/01/06)

  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

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  • 1

    Uncle Tom's Cabin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Harriet Beecher Stowe's widely read novel that dramatized the horrors of slavery; it heightened Northern support for abolition and escalated the sectional conflict

    解説

  • 2

    The Impending Crisis of the South

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • antislavery tract, written by white Southerner Hinton R. Helper, arguing that nonslaveholding whites actually suffered most in a slave economy

    解説

  • 3

    New England Emigrant Aid Company

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • organization created to facilitate the migration of free laborers to Kansas in order to prevent the establishment of slavery in the territory

    解説

  • 4

    Lecompton Constitution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • proposed Kansas constitution, whose ratification was unfairly rigged so as to guarantee slavery in the territory; initially ratified by proslavery forces, it was later voted down when Congress required that the entire constitution be put up for a vote

    解説

  • 5

    Bleeding Kansas

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • civil war in Kansas over the issue of slavery in the territory; fought intermittently until 1861, when it merged with the wider national Civil War

    解説

  • 6

    Dred Scott v. Sanford

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Supreme Court decision that extended federal protection to slavery by ruling that Congress did not have the power to prohibit slavery in any territory; also declared that slaves, as property, were not citizens of the United States

    解説

  • 7

    Panic of 1857

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • financial crash brought on by gold-fueled inflation, overspeculation, and excess grain production; raised calls in the North for higher tariffs and for free homesteads on western public lands

    解説

  • 8

    Tariff of 1857

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lowered duties on imports in response to a high Treasury surplus and pressure from Southern farmers

    解説

  • 9

    Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • series of debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas during the U.S. Senate race in Illinois; Douglas won the election but Lincoln gained national prominence and emerged as the leading candidate for the 1860 Republican nomination

    解説

  • 10

    Freeport Question

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • raised during one of the Lincoln-Douglas debates by Abraham Lincoln, who asked whether the Court or the people should decide the future of slavery in the territories

    解説

  • 11

    Freeport Doctrine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • declared that since slavery could not exist without laws to protect it, territorial legislatures, not the Supreme Court, would have the final say on the slavery question; first argued by Stephen Douglass in 1858 in response to Abraham Lincoln's "Freeport Question"

    解説

  • 12

    Harpers Ferry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • federal arsenal in Virginia seized by abolitionist John Brown in 1859; though Brown was later captured and executed, his raid alarmed Southerners who believed that Northerners shared in Brown's extremism

    解説

  • 13

    Constitutional Union Party

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • formed by moderate Whigs and Know-Nothings in an effort to elect a compromise candidate and avert a sectional crisis

    解説

  • 14

    Confederate States of America

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • government established after seven Southern states seceded from the Union; later joined by four more states from the Upper South

    解説

  • 15

    Crittenden Amendments

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • proposed in an attempt to appease the South, the failed Constitutional amendments would have given federal protection for slavery in all territories south of 36'30 where slavery was supported by popular sovereignty

    解説

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