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AP American History Chapter 18 Terms

カード 14枚 作成者: American history (作成日: 2014/01/06)

  • Popular Sovereignty

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  • 1

    Popular Sovereignty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in the context of the slavery debate, the notion that the sovereign people of a given territory should decide whether to allow slavery; seemingly a compromise, it was largely opposed by Northern abolitionists who feared it would promote the spread of slavery to the territories

    解説

  • 2

    Free Soil Party

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • antislavery party in the 1848 and 1852 elections that opposed the extension of slavery into the territories, arguing that the presence of slavery would limit opportunities for free laborers

    解説

  • 3

    California Gold Rush

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • inflow of thousands of miners to Northern California after news reports of the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in January of 1848 had spread around the world by the end of that year; the onslaught of migrants prompted Californians to organize a government and apply for statehood in 1849

    解説

  • 4

    Underground Railroad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • informal network of volunteers that helped runaway slaves escape from the South and reach free-soil Canada; seeking to halt the flow of runaway slaves to the North, Southern planters and congressmen pushed for a stronger fugitive slave law

    解説

  • 5

    Seventh of March Speech

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Daniel Webster's impassioned address urging the North to support of the Compromise of 1850; Webster argued that topography and climate would keep slavery from becoming entrenched in Mexican Cession territory and urged Northerners to make all reasonable concessions to prevent disunion

    解説

  • 6

    Compromise of 1850

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • admitted California as a free state, opened New Mexico and Utah to popular sovereignty, ended the slave trade (but not slavery itself) in Washington, D.C., and introduced a more stringent fugitive slave law; widely opposed in both the North and South, it did little to settle the escalating dispute over slavery

    解説

  • 7

    Fugitive Slave Law

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • passed as a part of the Compromise of 1850, it set high penalties for anyone who aided escaped slaves and compelled all law enforcement officers to participate in retrieving runaways; strengthened the antislavery cause in the North

    解説

  • 8

    Clayton-Bulwer Treaty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • signed by Great Britain and the United States, it provided that the two nations would jointly protect the neutrality of Central America and that neither power would seek to fortify or exclusively control any future isthmian waterway; later revoked by the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty of 1901, which gave the United States control of the Panama Canal

    解説

  • 9

    Ostend Manifesto

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • secret Franklin Pierce administration proposal to purchase or, that failing, to wrest militarily Cuba from Spain; once leaked, it was quickly abandoned due to vehement opposition from the North

    解説

  • 10

    Opium War

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • war between Britain and China over trading rights, particularly Britain's desire to continue selling opium to Chinese traders; the resulting trade agreement prompted Americans to seek similar concessions from the Chinese

    解説

  • 11

    Treaty of Wanghia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • signed by the U.S. and China, it assured the United States the same trading concessions granted to other powers, greatly expanding America's trade with the Chinese

    解説

  • 12

    Treaty of Kanagawa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ended Japan's two-hundred year period of economic isolation, establishing an American consulate in Japan and securing American coaling rights in Japanese ports

    解説

  • 13

    Gadsden Purchase

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • acquired additional land from Mexico for ten million dollars to facilitate the construction of a southern transcontinental railroad

    解説

  • 14

    Kansas-Nebraska Act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • proposed that the issue of slavery be decided by popular sovereignty in the Kansas and Nebraska territories, thus revoking the 1820 Missouri Compromise; introduced by Stephen Douglass in an effort to bring Nebraska into the Union and pave the way for a northern transcontinental railroad

    解説

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