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AP American History Chapter 17 Terms

カード 14枚 作成者: American history (作成日: 2014/01/06)

  • Tariff of 1842

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  • 1

    Tariff of 1842

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • protective measure passed by Congressional Whigs, raising tariffs to pre-Compromise of 1833 rates

    解説

  • 2

    Caroline

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • diplomatic row between the United States and Great Britain; developed after British troops set fire to an American steamer carrying supplies across the Niagara River to Canadian insurgents, during Canada's short-lived insurrection

    解説

  • 3

    Creole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • American ship captured by a group of rebelling Virginia slaves; the slaves successfully sought asylum in the Bahamas, raising fears among Southern planters that the British West Indies would become a safe haven for runaway slaves

    解説

  • 4

    Aroostook War

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • series of clashes between American and Canadian lumberjacks in the disputed territory of northern Maine; resolved when a permanent boundary was agreed upon in 1842

    解説

  • 5

    Manifest Destiny

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • belief that the United States was destined by God to spread its "empire of liberty" across North America; served as a justification for mid-nineteenth-century expansionism

    解説

  • 6

    Fifty-Four Forty or Fight

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • slogan adopted by mid-nineteenth-century expansionists who advocated the occupation of Oregon territory, jointly held by Britain and the United States; though President Polk had pledged to seize all of Oregon, to 54'40, he settled on the forty-ninth parallel as a compromise with the British

    解説

  • 7

    Liberty Party

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • antislavery party that ran candidates in the 1840 and 1844 elections before merging with the Free Soil Party; supporters of this party sought the eventual abolition of slavery, but in the short term hoped to halt the expansion of slavery into the territories and abolish the domestic slave trade

    解説

  • 8

    Walker Tariff

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • revenue-enhancing measure that lowered tariffs from 1842 levels, thereby fueling trade and increasing Treasury receipts

    解説

  • 9

    Spot Resolutions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • measures introduced by Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln, questioning James K. Polk's justification for war with Mexico; Lincoln requested that Polk clarify precisely where Mexican forces had attacked American troops

    解説

  • 10

    California Bear Flag Republic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • short-lived California republic, established by local American settlers who revolted against Mexico; once news of the war with Mexico reached the Americans, they abandoned the Republic in favor of joining the United States

    解説

  • 11

    Battle of Buena Vista

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • key American victory against Mexican forces in the Mexican-American War; elevated General Zachary Taylor to national prominence and helped secure his success in the 1848 presidential election

    解説

  • 12

    Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ended the war with Mexico; Mexico agreed to cede territory reaching northwest from Texas to Oregon in exchange for 18.25 million dollars in cash and assumed debts

    解説

  • 13

    Conscience Whigs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Northern Whigs who opposed slavery on moral grounds; they sought to prevent the annexation of Texas as a slave state, fearing that the new slave territory would only serve to buttress the Southern "slave power"

    解説

  • 14

    Wilmot Proviso

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • amendment that sought to prohibit slavery from territories acquired from Mexico; introduced by Pennsylvania congressman David Wilmot

    解説

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