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AP American History Chapter 16 Terms

カード 14枚 作成者: American history (作成日: 2014/01/06)

  • West Africa Squadron

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  • 1

    West Africa Squadron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • British Royal Navy force formed to enforce the abolition of the slave trade in 1807; it intercepted hundreds of slave ships and freed thousands of Africans

    解説

  • 2

    Breakers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • slave drivers who employed the lash to brutally "break" the souls of strong-willed slaves

    解説

  • 3

    Black Belt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • region of the Deep South with the highest concentration of slaves; it emerged in the nineteenth century as cotton production became more profitable and slavery expanded south and west

    解説

  • 4

    Responsorial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • call and response style of preaching that melded Christian and African traditions; practiced by African slaves in the South

    解説

  • 5

    Nat Turner's Rebellion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Virginia slave revolt that resulted in the deaths of sixty whites and raised fears among white Southerners of further uprisings

    解説

  • 6

    Amistad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Spanish slave ship dramatically seized off the coast of Cuba by the enslaved Africans aboard and then driven ashore in Long Island, resulting in the slaves being put on trial; former president John Quincy Adams argued their case before the Supreme Court, securing their eventual release

    解説

  • 7

    American Colonization Society

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reflecting the focus of early abolitionists on transporting freed blacks back to Africa, the organization established Liberia, a West-African settlement intended as a haven for emancipated slaves

    解説

  • 8

    Liberia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • West-African nation founded in 1822 as a haven for freed blacks, fifteen thousand of whom made their way back across the Atlantic by the 1860s

    解説

  • 9

    The Liberator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • antislavery newspaper published by William Lloyd Garrison, who called for the immediate emancipation of all slaves

    解説

  • 10

    American Anti-Slavery Society

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • abolitionist society founded by William Lloyd Garrison, who advocated the immediate abolition of slavery; by 1838, the organization had more than 250,000 members across 1,350 chapters

    解説

  • 11

    Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • incendiary abolitionist track advocating the violent overthrow of slavery; published by David Walker, a Southern-born free black

    解説

  • 12

    Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vivid autobiography of the escaped slave and renowned abolitionist Frederick Douglass

    解説

  • 13

    Mason-Dixon Line

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • originally drawn by surveyors to resolve the boundaries between Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and Virginia in the 1760s, it eventually came to symbolize the North-South divide over slavery

    解説

  • 14

    Gag Resolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • prohibited debate or action on antislavery appeals; driven through the House by pro-slavery Southerners, it passed every year for eight years, eventually overturned with the help of John Quincy Adams

    解説

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