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AP American History Chapter 8 Terms

カード 18枚 作成者: American history (作成日: 2014/01/06)

  • Second Continental Congress

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  • 1

    Second Continental Congress

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • representative body of delegates from all thirteen colonies; drafted the Declaration of Independence and managed the colonial war effort

    解説

  • 2

    Battle of Bunker Hill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fought on the outskirts of Boston, on Breed's Hill, the battle ended in the colonial militia's retreat, though at a heavy cost to the British

    解説

  • 3

    Olive Branch Petition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • conciliatory measure adopted by the Continental Congress, professing American loyalty and seeking an end to the hostilities; King George rejected the petition and proclaimed the colonies in rebellion

    解説

  • 4

    Hessians

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • German troops hired from their princes by George III to aid in putting down the colonial insurrection; this hardened the resolve of American colonists, who resented the use of paid foreign fighters

    解説

  • 5

    Common Sense

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Thomas Paine's pamphlet urging the colonies to declare independence and establish a republican government; the widely read pamphlet helped convince colonists to support the Revolution

    解説

  • 6

    Declaration of Independence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • formal pronouncement of independence drafted by Thomas Jefferson and approved by Congress; the declaration allowed Americans to appeal for foreign aid and served as an inspiration for later revolutionary movements worldwide

    解説

  • 7

    Declaration of the Rights of Man

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • declaration of rights adopted during the French Revolution; modeled after the Declaration of Independence

    解説

  • 8

    Loyalists

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • American colonists who opposed the Revolution and maintained their loyalty to the King; sometimes referred to as "Tories"

    解説

  • 9

    Patriots

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • colonists who supported the American Revolution; they were also known as "Whigs"

    解説

  • 10

    Battle of Long Island

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • battle for the control of New York; British troops overwhelmed the colonial militias and retained control of the city for most of the war

    解説

  • 11

    Battle of Trenton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • George Washington surprised and captured a garrison of sleeping German Hessians, raising the morale of his crestfallen army and setting the stage for his victory at Princeton a week later

    解説

  • 12

    Battle of Saratoga

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • decisive colonial victory in upstate New York, which helped secure French support for the Revolutionary cause

    解説

  • 13

    Model Treaty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sample treaty drafted by the Continental Congress as a guide for American diplomats; reflected the Americans' desire to foster commercial partnerships rather than political or military entanglements

    解説

  • 14

    Armed Neutrality

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • loose alliance of nonbelligerent naval powers, organized by Russia's Catherine the Great, to protect neutral trading rights during the war for American independence

    解説

  • 15

    Treaty of Fort Stanwix

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • treaty signed by the United States and the pro-British Iroquois granting Ohio country to the Americans

    解説

  • 16

    Privateers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • privately owned armed ships authorized by Congress to prey on enemy shipping during the Revolutionary War; more numerous than the tiny American Navy, they inflicted heavy damages on British shippers

    解説

  • 17

    Yorktown

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • George Washington, with the aid of the French army, besieged Cornwallis here, while the French naval fleet prevented British reinforcements from coming ashore

    解説

  • 18

    Treaty of Paris

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • peace treaty signed by Britain and the United States ending the Revolutionary War; the British formally recognized American independence and ceded territory east of the Mississippi while the Americans, in turn, promised to restore Loyalist property and repay debts to British creditors

    解説

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