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AP American History - Chapter 3 Key Terms

カード 20枚 作成者: American history (作成日: 2014/01/06)

  • Indentured Servitude (68)

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  • 1

    Indentured Servitude (68)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A form of servitude where the human willingly dedicates themselves to their owner (kind of like slaves) and serve the owner as butlers and/or servants for a certain amount of time (4-5 years) and after the term they are given 50 acres of land and are free to roam and start a new form of life note: servitudes were usually white

    解説

  • 2

    Middle Passage (73)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The journey from West Coast of Africa to the N.A. colonies by ships which carried large sums of slaves that were kept in horrible conditions on the ship.

    解説

  • 3

    Slave Codes (74)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A bill that limited and practically eliminated all rights of the blacks and gave the white English masters all authority over them, determining the person if they were a slave or not only by skin colour or if it's in your blood/ heritage.

    解説

  • 4

    Huguenots (75)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • One of the earliest Eu. immigrants who were French Calvinists and about 300 000 left France

    解説

  • 5

    Scots-Irish (76)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Immigrants from Scotland and Ireland who were very unpolitical in the New World and took land as they wished

    解説

  • 6

    Indigo (79)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A plant which produced dark-blue dye, which was in high demand in Europe and this plant was able to grow on highlands of South Carolina, where the rice couldn't grow

    解説

  • 7

    Saugus Ironworks (80)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • First metal industrial mine in the colonies which was name after the town it was in: Saugus, Massachusetts

    解説

  • 8

    Triangular Trade (83)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Technically was a 3 way trade between the New England, then Africa, then West Indies, but actually the trading stretched as far as Europe, England, and even South America at one point

    解説

  • 9

    Gullah (86)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A language which was created by the African slaves in the southern colonies, which was a mix of English and African

    解説

  • 10

    Stono Rebellion (86)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A rebellion of the black slaves against their owners which began in 1739 in South Carolina when 100 men to up firearms and killed their owner, but this rebellion was quickly crushed by whites

    解説

  • 11

    Covenant (87)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A representative which bonded together religious and social affairs of its region

    解説

  • 12

    Primogeniture (88)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The passing of all inherited property to the firstborn son, which did not work out as sometimes families didn't have male successors or had too many of them

    解説

  • 13

    Great Awakening (92)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A revival of the religious beliefs and its activity in not only Europe, but also the colonies, which began around 1730s

    解説

  • 14

    John and Charles Wesley (92)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bothe English preachers of the gospel who had come to the colonies to revive religion.

    解説

  • 15

    Jeremiad (92)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A warning an concern of the weakening power and faith in religion in the colonies. Ministers then preached the 'sermons of despair' or as nicknamed, the Jeremiads

    解説

  • 16

    The Enlightenment (93)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Another large event which spread across N.A. colonies and Europe and was provoked by the Great Awakening. This event stated and argued that not only faith could advance humanity, but also science and knowledge can, especially in the 1700s when humans finally began to get a better understanding of the world through science.

    解説

  • 17

    Jonathan Edwards (93)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An Orthodox Puritan, and an influencing preacher who 'attacked' doctrines of easy salvation for all and was a strong Puritan-ways supporter who often frightened his audience with the vivid description of hell

    解説

  • 18

    George Whitefield (93)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • SORRY I DID NOT FIND ANYTHING ON HIM :'(

    解説

  • 19

    Cotton Mather (96)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A Puritan theologian who heard from one of his slaves that putting a weakened and small amount of smallpox could cure the human and prevent them from dying from smallpox when it actually hits them, thus he was the first inventor of a vaccine around the 1700s

    解説

  • 20

    John Peter Zenger (96)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A New York newspaper publisher who was sued and guilty of being "libeous" and this case put a lot of restrictions on the newspaper and what they can write later on in future

    解説

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