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AP American History - Chapter 2 Key Terms

カード 26枚 作成者: American history (作成日: 2014/01/06)

  • John Smith (37)

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  • 1

    John Smith (37)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A captain and idol of the English colonists who helped Jamestown thrive when all hope for it was lost; was first governor of Jamestown

    解説

  • 2

    Headright (39)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A system of granting a landmass of 50 acres per person (including slaves who's land was handed to the owners)and was mainly used in the English colonies

    解説

  • 3

    Powhatan (39)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An Indian tribe which was located adjacent to the prospering settlements of the English, obviously leading to great amount of conflicts between the Powhatans and the English men

    解説

  • 4

    Virginia House of Burgesses (39)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A group of representatives in Virginia that were called as a group The House of Burgesses, which was the first legislature and was created in July 30th, 1619 in the Jamestown's Church

    解説

  • 5

    George and Cecilius Calvert (40)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • George was a Catholic businessman who dreamed of creating a colony which would serve as a refugee for all the English who felt opposed by the Anglican Church; died before he could get the charter. AP American History - Chapter 2 Key Terms.

    解説

  • 6

    Sir William Berkeley (41)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Governor of Virginia beginning from 1642-1670 and stopped rebellion of Indians as well he expanded the Virginia colony

    解説

  • 7

    Bacon's Rebellion ( 42)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Led by a smart man Nathaniel Bacon, this rebellion in 1675 was against the governor of Virginia and his rebellion burned down Jamestown to the ground

    解説

  • 8

    Mayflower Compact (43)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A document which was proposed by the Plymouth ( a town) which established a civil government and proclaimed allegiance of all Plymouth citizens to the king

    解説

  • 9

    Massachusetts Bay Company (44)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A company that was created by the English Puritans and was granted land of today's Massachusetts

    解説

  • 10

    John Winthrop (44)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Educated man who created the biggest single migration of 1000 men from England

    解説

  • 11

    Theocracy (45)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a society where the government does not have an official say but rather exerts its ideas and power on the church and in return protected them and gave them money from the taxes they put on the citizens. A society where a line between the church and the state was hard to see

    解説

  • 12

    Antinomianism (46)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A nickname from Anne's critics which was giving to her teachings "hostile to law"

    解説

  • 13

    Anne Hutchinson (46)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Intelligent woman who came from Boston and had problems with the government of Massachusetts. She thought that the government didn't go through any reformation like the churches, and that it has no right to the spiritual office of the Churches

    解説

  • 14

    Roger Williams (46)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A young intelligent man who was a Separatist and who thought that Massachusetts Church should abandon all of her loyalty to the Anglican Church and that the Church should separate from the state too

    解説

  • 15

    King Philip's War (49)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Deadliest encounter between whites and Indians which happened in 1675 where the Wampanoag with their leader's nickname King Philip(note: nickname) resisted English and weakend the economy of Mschsts. but were all eventually killed off

    解説

  • 16

    Metacomet (49)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Leader of the Wampanoag who was killed by the Mohawks.

    解説

  • 17

    Pequot War (49)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • War between the Pequot Indians and the English and their Indian allies, eventually the Pequot were wiped out or/and sold to slavery

    解説

  • 18

    Quitrent (50)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Annual Tax collections which were active in the Carolinas

    解説

  • 19

    Quakers (53)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A pacifist group of English Protestants who, unlike Puritans, allowed women to play a role in their religion, and were the society that formed Pennsylvania

    解説

  • 20

    William Penn (54)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • With George Fox he went to Europe, gathered all the Quakers, and transported them to Pennsylvania.

    解説

  • 21

    Middle Ground (59)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Territories that were undecided to whom they belonged: either the Indians or the English and were usually in the western part of the 13 colonies where lots of conflict between the whites and the natives occurred

    解説

  • 22

    James Oglethorpe (59)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A general and member of Parliament who received a grant in 1732 and was the founder of Georgia, which he created to put a barrier between Spanish and English lands in the South

    解説

  • 23

    Navigation Acts (62)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Three acts that were designed to regulate and get more control over the colonies and their trade.

    解説

  • 24

    Jacob Leisler (63)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Leader of the New York dissidents who in 1689 took raised a militia and took over New York's government, proclaiming himself as the new governor but soon failed

    解説

  • 25

    Glorious Revolution (63)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A conflict which occurred between James I and the British Parliament due to the rising risk and fear of the Parliament that James I was going to turn England Catholic again, and after the Parliament threatened James with a small army, he fled the country, and the 'war' was bloodless, also making Mary and William the sovereign

    解説

  • 26

    Dominion of New England (63)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A group of colonies which were bonded into one by the British Parliament, in hopes of making one centralized governor and making the control of these colonies easier, but eventually the plan didn't work out as the colonists abolished the idea

    解説

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