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AP American History Chapter 1 Terms

カード 19枚 作成者: American history (作成日: 2014/01/06)

  • Canadian Shield

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  • 1

    Canadian Shield

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • first part of the North American landmass to emerge above sea level

    解説

  • 2

    Incas

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • highly advanced South American civilization that occupied present-day Peru until it was conquered by Spanish forces under Francisco Pizarro in 1532

    解説

  • 3

    Aztecs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Native American empire that controlled present-day Mexico until 1521, when they were conquered by Spanish Hernan Cortes; maintained control over their vast empire through a system of trade and tribute, and came to be known for their advances in mathematics and writing, and their use of human sacrifices in religious ceremonies

    解説

  • 4

    Nation-States

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • no dense concentrations of these existed in North America outside Mexico at the time of the Europeans' arrival

    解説

  • 5

    Cahokia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mississippian settlement near present-day East St. Louis; home to as many as 25,000 Native Americans

    解説

  • 6

    Three-Sister Farming

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • agricultural system employed by North American Indians as early as 1000 A.D.; maize, beans, and squash were grown together to maximize yields

    解説

  • 7

    Middlemen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in trading systems, those dealers who operate between the original producers of the goods and the retail merchants who sell to consumers

    解説

  • 8

    Caravel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • small regular vessel with a high deck and three triangular sails; they could sail more closely into the wind, allowing European sailors to explore the Western shores of Africa

    解説

  • 9

    Plantation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • large-scale agricultural enterprise growing commercial crops and usually employing coerced or slave labor

    解説

  • 10

    Columbian Exchange

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the transfer of goods, crops, and diseases between New and Old World societies after 1492

    解説

  • 11

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • treaty that divided the New World between Spain and Portugal

    解説

  • 12

    Conquistadores

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sixteenth-century Spaniards who fanned out across the Americas, from Colorado to Argentina, eventually conquering the Aztec and Incan empires

    解説

  • 13

    Capitalism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • economic system characterized by private property, generally free trade, and open and accessible markets

    解説

  • 14

    Encomienda

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Spanish government's policy to "commend", or give, Indians to certain colonists in return for the promise to Christianize them; part of a broader Spanish effort to subdue Indian tribes in the West Indies and on the North American mainland

    解説

  • 15

    Noche Triste

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sad Night when the Aztecs attacked Hernan Cortes and his forces in the aztec capital, killing hundreds; Cortes laid siege to the cty the following year, precipitating the fall of the Aztec Empire and inaugurating three centuries of Spanish rule

    解説

  • 16

    Mestizos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • people of mixed Indian and European heritage

    解説

  • 17

    Battle of Acoma

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1599 battle in which the spanish severed one foot of each survivor; they proclaimed the area to be the province of New Mexico

    解説

  • 18

    Popé's Rebellion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pueblo Indian rebellion that drove Spanish settlers from New Mexico

    解説

  • 19

    Black Legend

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false notion that Spanish conquerors did little but butcher the Indians and steal their gold in the name of Christ

    解説

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