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Advanced English Vocabulary

カード 52枚 作成者: heki (作成日: 2015/03/01)

  • boon

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教材の説明:

This set covers various advanced English vocabularies.
It includes followings: words, definitions, and their usages.

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  • カード表 : 英語
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  • 1

    boon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The Internet is seen as a particular boon for people who are intending to move to a different area, especially long-distance.

    答え

    • A thing that is helpful or beneficial

    解説

  • 2

    culmination

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The protest was the culmination of a series of public meetings all over the country in support of the Bill

    答え

    • The highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time.

    解説

  • 3

    devious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Such are the devious tricks by which the European Commission gets its way.

    答え

    • Showing a skillful use of underhanded tactics to achieve goals

    解説

  • 4

    signatory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Under the Vienna Convention, all signatory states must allow foreigners arrested on their soil to contact their consulate.

    答え

    • A party that has signed an agreement, especially a country that has signed a treaty.

    解説

  • 5

    austere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • But what had once been the grandest hotel in town seemed austere in comparison with what had grown up around it.

    答え

    • Severe or strict in manner, attitude, or appearance.

    解説

  • 6

    chassis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • A further modification was made to the rear suspension, lowering the chassis to compensate for its normal very high build.

    答え

    • The base frame of a motor vehicle or other wheeled conveyance.

    解説

  • 7

    punitive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The stages should become increasingly punitive in order to enforce compliance.

    答え

    • Inflicting or intended as punishment.

    解説

  • 8

    espouse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • How can the state be racist and espouse an ideology of multiculturalism?

    答え

    • Adopt or support (a cause, belief, or way of life).

    解説

  • 9

    discursive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Rather it is a collection of feelings and perspectives, sometimes discursive, occasionally acerbic, invariably provocative.

    答え

    • rambling; passing from one topic to another

    解説

  • 10

    aporia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Firstly, it puts on display an aporia of legitimacy (what founds the discursive authority to regulate interpretation in the first place?

    答え

    • 1. A figure of speech in which the speaker expresses or purports to be in doubt about a question. 2. An insoluble contradiction or paradox in a text's meanings.

    解説

  • 11

    impinge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They impinge on every aspect of life - domestic, social, commercial, industrial and environmental.

    答え

    • to hit, trespass or have an effect on something, especially a negative one.

    解説

  • 12

    heed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The poor people came quickly together and gave earnest heed to what I said, despite the wind and snow.

    答え

    • to pay close attention to someone or something

    解説

  • 13

    disparate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • In the USA, widely disparate state laws have created conflicts around the sale of alcohol over the internet.

    答え

    • things that are different from each other, especially when the differences are dramatic

    解説

  • 14

    unequivocal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Will the Prime Minister continue to give his unequivocal backing?

    答え

    • something that is clear and understandable

    解説

  • 15

    collusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • This collusion between governments and the biotech industry is an extremely worrying trend.

    答え

    • a conspiracy or a secret agreement for an illegal or immoral reason

    解説

  • 16

    spurious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The same fishermen are also appalled at the prospect of losing most of the rich prawn fishery in a spurious attempt to save cod.

    答え

    • Not being what it purports to be; false or fake.

    解説

  • 17

    buttress

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Trees have wide buttress roots to support their great height.

    答え

    • a support for a building usually made of brick or stone

    解説

  • 18

    appraise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Demonstrate the ability to appraise selected literature using an appraisal checklist.

    答え

    • to determine the value or quality of something or what something is worth

    解説

  • 19

    craven

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When the company went bankrupt, the craven CEO quickly flew out of the country to avoid having to answer to his former employees.

    答え

    • someone or something cowardly, fearful or lacking in any type of courage

    解説

  • 20

    degenerate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence.

    答え

    • someone or something that has lost their former good character or morality

    解説

  • 21

    tenet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The universal brotherhood and equality for all Muslims is a cardinal tenet of Islam.

    答え

    • a belief or principle that is held by a group as being true

    解説

  • 22

    eschew

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • True vegetarians eschew food items that come from living animals.

    答え

    • to purposely try to stay away from or to avoid

    解説

  • 23

    onerous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • When Jack agreed to help his father cut the grass, he did not realize the chore would be so onerous

    答え

    • (of a task, duty, or responsibility) involving an amount of effort and difficulty that is oppressively burdensome

    解説

  • 24

    arduous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I've had fantastic experiences with much smaller-scale, yet still arduous, research projects.

    答え

    • a way of describing something that is extremely tiring and difficult

    解説

  • 25

    rasp

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • More rattling, and then the steady rasp of his snores.

    答え

    • 1. to scrape or rub with or as with a file 2. to utter in a rough, grating tone

    解説

  • 26

    bequeath

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I hereby bequeath to you my shopping cart and all its contents.

    答え

    • to leave assets for others after your death or to give someone something that you own, especially something of value

    解説

  • 27

    extant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The fact remains that there is only 1 copy extant.

    答え

    • something that still exists

    解説

  • 28

    throng

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • During the three-minute wait, the line behind us grew into a throng.

    答え

    • a large group of people or animals

    解説

  • 29

    unscrupulous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Some unscrupulous drivers will claim not to have change, and will even swap your legitimate cash for fake bills

    答え

    • someone or something that is dishonest or immoral

    解説

  • 30

    vestige

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It has tiny rounded ears and the mere vestige of a tail.

    答え

    • A trace of something that is disappearing or no longer exists.

    解説

  • 31

    intractable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • They are in fact powerful tools that can help people change bad behavior patterns, even those that seem intractable.

    答え

    • Hard to control or deal with.

    解説

  • 32

    heuristic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ways of finding out the answer to a question

    解説

  • 33

    sagacity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Although Marvin had never played the math game before, his sagacity helped him win the championship.

    答え

    • the quality of being wise or having good judgment

    解説

  • 34

    convergence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • For example, blacks and whites agree that there has been a convergence in the past decade in the values held by blacks and whites.

    答え

    • two or more things coming together, joining together or evolving into one

    解説

  • 35

    circuitous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Their words were obtuse and the presentations circuitous.

    答え

    • (of a route or journey) longer than the most direct way

    解説

  • 36

    tortuous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • His goal was simple and clear, and yet the road toward it was tortuous beyond imagination.

    答え

    • Full of twists and turns.

    解説

  • 37

    hackneyed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • There was a lot of truth in this reply, however hackneyed.

    答え

    • (of a phrase or idea) lacking significance through having been overused; unoriginal and trite

    解説

  • 38

    impute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It was wrong of me to impute you for the failure of the dinner party when I was the one who did not properly plan the event.

    答え

    • to assign a fault or blame

    解説

  • 39

    assiduous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • I'm an assiduous reader of this magazine and I appreciate its contents and insights in economic matters.

    答え

    • Showing great care and perseverance.

    解説

  • 40

    venerable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Turns out the venerable old chocolate maker got his start in caramel.

    答え

    • Accorded a great deal of respect, especially because of age, wisdom, or character.

    解説

  • 41

    provisional

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The provisional government lacked political, financial and police resources.

    答え

    • Arranged or existing for the present, possibly to be changed later.

    解説

  • 42

    demagogue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • If the charismatic leader is a demagogue, things go terribly wrong.

    答え

    • A political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular desires and prejudices rather than by using rational argument.

    解説

  • 43

    enervating

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • It poured rain, but no one cared, for the river and the rain were the only relief from the enervating heat.

    答え

    • causing one to feel drained of energy or vitality

    解説

  • 44

    precocious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • As a precocious and retiring 4-year-old, the author tells us, she began reading anything she could lay her hands on.

    答え

    • (of a child) having developed certain abilities or proclivities at an earlier age than usual

    解説

  • 45

    ostentatious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Ostentatious display was not only considered bad taste, it was potentially politically dangerous.

    答え

    • Characterized by vulgar or pretentious display; designed to impress or attract notice.

    解説

  • 46

    emulate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Her timeless aesthetic is easy to emulate.

    答え

    • Match or surpass (a person or achievement), typically by imitation.

    解説

  • 47

    perfidious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • He dances energetically and has a wonderful time and he is completely unaware that his perfidious conduct has been revealed.

    答え

    • Deceitful and untrustworthy.

    解説

  • 48

    geyser

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • the kettle geysering all over the stove

    答え

    • 1. a hot spring that sends up jets of water into the air 3. to spew forth as or like a geyser

    解説

  • 49

    assertion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • We could not believe John's assertion that he had never seen Star Wars.

    答え

    • (n) a declaration or statement

    解説

  • 50

    cogent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • Christina's argument was so cogent that even her opponents had to agree with her.

    答え

    • (adj) convincing; reasonable

    解説

  • 51

    didactic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • The tapes were entertaining and didactic because they both amused and instructed children.

    答え

    • (adj) intended to instruct

    解説

  • 52

    loquacious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • That guy never stops talking; now I understand why they call him "Loquacious Larry"!

    答え

    • (adj) very talkative

    解説

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