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Morgan Biochem Vocab

カード 33枚 作成者: Stoneman (作成日: 2014/01/05)

  • Isotope

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  • 1

    Isotope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons

    解説

  • 2

    Ionic Bond

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bonds formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to another

    解説

  • 3

    Covalent Bonds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bonds formed when electrons are shared between atoms

    解説

  • 4

    Polar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed

    解説

  • 5

    Cohesion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An attraction between molecules of the same substance

    解説

  • 6

    Adhesion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An attraction between molecules of different substances

    解説

  • 7

    Mixture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a material composed of two or more elements or compounds that are physically mixed together but not chemically combined

    解説

  • 8

    Solute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Substances that are dissolved

    解説

  • 9

    Solution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A mixture of two or more substances in which all of the components are evenly distributed

    解説

  • 10

    Solvent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The substance in which the solute dissolves

    解説

  • 11

    Suspension

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mixture of water and non-dissolved materials

    解説

  • 12

    Acid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • any compound that forms H* ions in solution

    解説

  • 13

    Base (Alkaline)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • compound that produces hydroxide ions (OH*) in solution

    解説

  • 14

    pH Scale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • indicates the concentration of H* ions in a solution

    解説

  • 15

    Buffers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • weak acids or bases that react with strong acids or bases to prevent sharp, sudden changes in pH

    解説

  • 16

    Ions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • atom that has a positive or negative charge

    解説

  • 17

    Macromolecules

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • large molecules in cells made from thousands or hundreds of thousands of smaller molecules

    解説

  • 18

    Monomers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • small unit that can join together with other small units to form polymers

    解説

  • 19

    Polymers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • large compound formed from combinations of many smaller monomers

    解説

  • 20

    Carbohydrates

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, usually in a ration of 1:2:1, used as a main source of energy

    解説

  • 21

    Monosaccharide

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • another name for simple sugars

    解説

  • 22

    Polysaccharides

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • large macromolecule formed from monosaccharide

    解説

  • 23

    Lipids

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • large and varied group of biological molecules that is generally not soluble in water. Made from mostly carbon and hydrogen atoms and used to store energy

    解説

  • 24

    Saturated

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The fatty acids contain the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms

    解説

  • 25

    Unsaturated

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A fatty acid that has at least one carbon-carbon double bond

    解説

  • 26

    Nucleotides

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Individual monomers that make up nucleic acids. Consists of three parts: A 5 carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base

    解説

  • 27

    Nucleic Acids

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Macromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorous. Store and transmit hereditary or genetic information.

    解説

  • 28

    Proteins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Macromolecules that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; some control the rate of reactions and regulate cell processes, some are used to form bones or muscles, others transport substances into and out of the cells or help to fight diseases

    解説

  • 29

    Amino Acids

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Polymers of molecules that makes proteins

    解説

  • 30

    Enzymes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Proteins that speed up chemical reactions in a cell

    解説

  • 31

    Activation Energy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Energy needed to get a reaction started

    解説

  • 32

    Catalyst

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction

    解説

  • 33

    Substrates

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The reactants of enzyme-catalyzed reactions

    解説

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