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Cell Vocab

カード 20枚 作成者: Stoneman (作成日: 2014/01/05)

  • Animal cell

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  • 1

    Animal cell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A eukaryote cell, enclosed by a plasma membrane and containing a membrane-bound nucleus and organelles

    解説

  • 2

    Cell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Basic unit of structure and function in living things

    解説

  • 3

    Cell membrane

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Structure that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell

    解説

  • 4

    Cell theory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The idea that cells are the basic unit of structure in every living thing and that all cells come from other living cells.

    解説

  • 5

    Cell wall

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Stiff outer barrier of a plant cell, outside the cell membrane, which is made mostly of cellulose

    解説

  • 6

    Chemical energy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Energy stored in chemical bonds

    解説

  • 7

    Chloroplast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A structure in a plant cell that contains chlorophyll; sugar molecules are made in chloroplasts through the process of photosynthesis

    解説

  • 8

    Cytoplasm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Gel-like fluid that takes up most of the space inside a cell

    解説

  • 9

    Eukaryote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organisms made up of cells that have a membrane-bound nucleus and other organelles

    解説

  • 10

    Geotropism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Growth of a plant in response to gravity; sometimes called gravitropism

    解説

  • 11

    Homeostasis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Keeping conditions constant inside the body, as in keeping a steady body temperature

    解説

  • 12

    Mitochondria

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Structures in the cell that transform the energy in food into a form cells use to carry out their activities

    解説

  • 13

    Nucleus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Structure near the center of a cell that contains the cell's DNA

    解説

  • 14

    Phototropism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Change in growth of a plant in response to light

    解説

  • 15

    Plant cell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A eukaryotic cell enclosed by a cell wall for structure. Plant cells depend on chlorophyll and chloroplast for energy production.

    解説

  • 16

    Prokaryote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one-celled organism that does not have a membrane-bound nucleus or organelles; includes all bacteria

    解説

  • 17

    Radiant energy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Energy produced by the sun.

    解説

  • 18

    Tissue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In plants and animals, a group of cells that work together to do a specific job

    解説

  • 19

    Turgor pressure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The main pressure of the cell contents against the cell wall in plant cells.

    解説

  • 20

    Vacuole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fluid-filled structure that holds waste products or substances needed by a cell

    解説

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