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Organisms and Enviroments Vocab.

カード 28枚 作成者: Stoneman (作成日: 2014/01/05)

  • Producer

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  • 1

    Producer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organism that makes its own food; such as a plant

    解説

  • 2

    Producer/Autotroph

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds

    解説

  • 3

    Consumer/heterotroph

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes

    解説

  • 4

    Decomposer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Simple organism, such as bacteria or fungus, that breaks down dead organisms and waste, returning important nutrients to the environment

    解説

  • 5

    Plankton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tiny marine organisms, such as diatoms, that drift in the surface waters of every ocean

    解説

  • 6

    nekton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Marine animals, such as fish and turtles, that actively swim in ocean waters

    解説

  • 7

    Ecosystem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • All the living populations in an area along with the nonliving parts of that environment

    解説

  • 8

    Food chain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Path of food energy from the sun to the producer to a series of consumers, in an ecosystem

    解説

  • 9

    Predator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Animal that kills and eats other animals

    解説

  • 10

    Prey

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organism that is killed and eaten by another organism

    解説

  • 11

    Parasite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organism that feeds on cells, tissues, or fluids of another living organism

    解説

  • 12

    Host

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organism that supports a parasite

    解説

  • 13

    Symbiosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A close relationship between two species

    解説

  • 14

    Mutualism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Relationship between two species in which both species benefit

    解説

  • 15

    parasitism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Relationship between species in which one species (parasite) benefits and the other (host) is harmed but not usually killed

    解説

  • 16

    commensalism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Relationship between species in which one species is helped and the other is unaffected

    解説

  • 17

    chemosynthesis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Chemical process in which bacteria make food by converting dissolved sulfur compounds

    解説

  • 18

    Biotic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Living organisms in an ecosystem

    解説

  • 19

    Abiotic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Nonliving factors in an ecosystem

    解説

  • 20

    species

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile offspring

    解説

  • 21

    population

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • All members of a species living in a particular area at a particular time

    解説

  • 22

    community

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The assembly of different populations that live together in a defined area

    解説

  • 23

    Carrying capacity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Largest number of individuals of a population that a given environment can support

    解説

  • 24

    Exponential growth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Growth pattern in which the individuals in a population reproduces at a constant rate

    解説

  • 25

    S curve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A pattern of growth in which, in a new environment, the population density of an organism increases slowly initially, in a positive acceleration phase; then increases rapidly approaching an exponential growth rate; but then declines in a negative acceleration phase until at zero growth rate the population stabilizes.

    解説

  • 26

    J curve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A curve on a graph that records the situation in which, in a new environment, the population density of an organism increases rapidly in an exponential form, but then stops abruptly as environmental resistance (e.g. seasonality) or some other factor (e.g. the end of the breeding phase) suddenly becomes effective.

    解説

  • 27

    Invasive species

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Plants and animals that have migrated to places where they are not native

    解説

  • 28

    Limiting factor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Factor that causes the growth of a population to decrease

    解説

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