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カード 24枚 作成者: Jared Woodward (作成日: 2015/02/26)

  • cross cultural literacy

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  • 1

    cross cultural literacy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • understanding how the culture of a country affects the way business is practiced

    解説

  • 2

    culture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a system of values and norms that are shared among a group of people

    解説

  • 3

    values

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ideas about what is good and desirable

    解説

  • 4

    norms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • social rules that govern people’s actions toward one another. divided into mores and folkways

    解説

  • 5

    folkways-

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • routine conventions of everyday life. examples include attitutes towards time. “Time is money” US and European cultures. opposite applies for latin american countries they value interactions more than being on time

    解説

  • 6

    mores

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • norms seen as central to the functioning of society. include factors of indictments against theft, adultery, incest

    解説

  • 7

    social structure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the basic social organization of a society. measured to the degree of the power of the individual and whether the society is stratified into classes or castes

    解説

  • 8

    group

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • people that share the same ideas or thoughts

    解説

  • 9

    social strata

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • social categories based on family background, occupation, and income

    解説

  • 10

    social mobility

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the extent to which people can move out of their social strata

    解説

  • 11

    caste system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • rigid system of social stratification, social position determined at birth and change in that position is almost impossible (India’s Caste System)

    解説

  • 12

    class system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • less rigid system of social stratification, born into certain class but mobility between classes in possible through socioeconomic achievements

    解説

  • 13

    class consciousness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tendency for individuals to perceive themselves in terms of their class background

    解説

  • 14

    religion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a system of shared beliefs and rituals concerned with the realm of the sacred

    解説

  • 15

    ethical systems

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • refer to a set of moral principles that are used to guide and shape behavior

    解説

  • 16

    power distance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • how a society deals with the fact that people are unequal

    解説

  • 17

    uncertainty avoidance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • extent to which societies can handle uncertainty. Lower uncertainty avoidance characterized by greater readiness to take risks. Higher uncertainty avoidance characterized by the strong need for rules and regualtions

    解説

  • 18

    masculinity versus femininity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • power vs quality of life

    解説

  • 19

    ethnocentrism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • believe that one owns ethnic identity is superior to all others

    解説

  • 20

    Confucianism guanxi

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • high moral, ethical conduct, and loyalty are central themes. Guanxi- expresses the importance of relationships between each other. Important mechanism for getting business done and establishing long term business relationships in Asian countries

    解説

  • 21

    Buddhism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • stresses the importance of spirituality, more opportunity for economic growth as as opposed to Hinduism since there is no caste system

    解説

  • 22

    Hinduism nirvana, karma, dahrma

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dahrma- moral force of society requires acceptance of certain responsibilities devoting life to spiritual quest rather than material things

    解説

  • 23

    Islam

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • approving of free enterprise. Able to strive for profit as long as it is justly earned and doesn't exploit others. Humans are part of a collective in which we are obligated to help disadvantaged. Stress importance of living by contractual obligations. No interest but have mudarabah which pays share of profits to lender rather than paying interest

    解説

  • 24

    max weber Protestantism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • made direct correlation between Protestantism and capitalism. Protest ethics emphasize importance of hard work and wealth creation. Connection between individualism and Protestantism

    解説

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