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カード 32枚 作成者: Jared Woodward (作成日: 2015/02/25)

  • political economy

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  • 1

    political economy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the political, economic, and legal systems of a country. They interact and influence each other, they affect the level of economic well-being

    解説

  • 2

    political system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the system of Government within the nation. Assessed according to two dimensions, collective vs individualistic and democratic vs totalitarian

    解説

  • 3

    collectivism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a political system that emphasizes collective goals as opposed to individual goals eg. japan. The needs of a society as a whole are more important than individual freedoms

    解説

  • 4

    socialist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • someone who believes in public ownership of the means of production for the common good of society. Trace their intellectual roots to Karl Marx. If state owns the means of production then it would benefit the society as a whole rather than just the individual capitalists.

    解説

  • 5

    communists

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • those who believe socialism can be achieved only through revolution and totalitarian dictatorship. Dominated in the 1970s but sharply declined during the 1990s

    解説

  • 6

    social democrats

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • those committed to achieving socialism through democracy

    解説

  • 7

    privatization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the sale of state-owned enterprises to private investors

    解説

  • 8

    individualism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an individual should have the freedom in his or her economic and political pursuits. eg America Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith (invisible hand), Jon Stuart Mill-british philosopher social individualist

    解説

  • 9

    democracy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • government is by the people, political officials represent the interests of the society’s individuals

    解説

  • 10

    totalitarianism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one person or political party exercises absolute control over all spheres of human life and opposing political parties are prohibited

    解説

  • 11

    representative democracy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a political system in which citizens periodically elect individuals to represent them in government

    解説

  • 12

    communist totalitarianism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a version of collectivism advocating that socialism can be achieved only through a totalitarian dictatorship

    解説

  • 13

    theocratic totalitarianism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dictatorships governed through religious principles

    解説

  • 14

    tribal totalitarianism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when a political party that represents an interest of a paticular tribe monopolizes power. EG Kenya and Other African Countries

    解説

  • 15

    right-wing totalitarianism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • political system in which political power is monopolized by a party, group or individual that generally permits economic freedom but limits political freedom such as free speech

    解説

  • 16

    legal system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • system of rules that regulate behavior and the processes by which laws of a country are enforced

    解説

  • 17

    common law

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a system of law based on tradition, precedent, and custom eg Great Britain, US

    解説

  • 18

    civil law system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a system of law based on a very detailed set of written laws and codes eg. Germany France Russia

    解説

  • 19

    theocratic law system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a system of law based on religious teachings

    解説

  • 20

    contract law

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the body of law that governs contract enforcement

    解説

  • 21

    UN convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a set of rules governing certain aspects of the making and performance of commercial contracts between sellers and buyer who have businesses in different nations

    解説

  • 22

    property rights

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bundle of legal rights over the use to which a resource is put and over the use made of any income that may be derived from that resource

    解説

  • 23

    private action

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the theft, piracy, and blackmail by private individuals or groups.

    解説

  • 24

    public action

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when public officials extort income, resources, or the property itself from property holders

    解説

  • 25

    Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • law regulating behavior regarding conduct of international business in the taking of bribes and other unethical actions. Illegal to bribe foreign officials but legal to bribe foreign functionaries

    解説

  • 26

    intellectual property

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • property that is the product of intellectual activity such as software, screenplays, chemical formulas

    解説

  • 27

    patent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • grants the inventor of a new product or process exclusive rights for a defined period to the manufacture, use, or sale of the invention

    解説

  • 28

    copyright

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • exclusive legal rights of authors, composers, and publishers for their written work

    解説

  • 29

    trademark

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • designs and names that differentiate products from one another

    解説

  • 30

    World intellectual Property Organization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an international organization designed to protect intellectual property

    解説

  • 31

    product safety laws-

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • set certain safety standards to which a product must adhere

    解説

  • 32

    product liability

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • involves holding a firm responsible when a product causes injury, death, or damage

    解説

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