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Diseases - Disease Theory

カード 34枚 作成者: KenB (作成日: 2014/01/04)

  • parasite

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  • 1

    parasite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one who derives life support from a host

    解説

  • 2

    opportunism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when an ordinarily non-pathogenic organism becomes pathogenic due to either some break down in biological control or a weakened state of the host

    解説

  • 3

    pathogenicity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the ability to cause disease

    解説

  • 4

    infection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • entrance into and multiplication of an organism into a host

    解説

  • 5

    disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • any departure from normal state of health of an individual

    解説

  • 6

    clinical diseases

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • that disease showing symptoms

    解説

  • 7

    subclinical diseases

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • presence of the disease with no symptoms

    解説

  • 8

    virulence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • degree to which an organism is capable of producing a disease

    解説

  • 9

    communicable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ease by which a disease is transmitted from one host to another

    解説

  • 10

    contagious

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a disease which is transmitted by direct contact

    解説

  • 11

    epidemic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • unusual outbreak of the number of disease cases present at one time in a geographic area

    解説

  • 12

    endemic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • continual presene of a disease in an area

    解説

  • 13

    pandemic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an epidemic that's everywhere

    解説

  • 14

    epidemiology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the study of the natural history of disease, its control, spread, statistics, etc

    解説

  • 15

    morbidity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • number of cases of a disease per unit of population (expressed in units per 100000)

    解説

  • 16

    mortality

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • number of deaths attributable to a given disease expressed as a crude: deaths per 100000, or particular: deaths per 1000

    解説

  • 17

    What is the formula for computing the likelihood of disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • D=Vd/R

    解説

  • 18

    Antigens

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a substance introduced into the body which normally produces antibodies

    解説

  • 19

    antibodies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a serum globin of the gamma type made as a result of the body's reaction to the introduction of an antigen

    解説

  • 20

    immunity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ample antibody titer (either natural or acquired) required to provide an individual protection from a particular disease

    解説

  • 21

    Mutualistic relationship

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • parasite to parasite

    解説

  • 22

    Mutualistic relationship

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • no harm to either

    解説

  • 23

    antagonistic relationship

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • parasite to parasite, in competition with one another

    解説

  • 24

    synergistic relationship

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cooperative relationship between two parasites

    解説

  • 25

    commensulism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • host-parasite, mutual relationship not usually harmful to either

    解説

  • 26

    symbiosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • host to parasite, mutual benefit to both

    解説

  • 27

    parasitism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • host to parasite, lives on or in the host; one or the other suffers

    解説

  • 28

    opportunism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • host to parasite, inhabits host but has no effect while the host is well

    解説

  • 29

    exotoxins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • highly toxic - released by the disease organism

    解説

  • 30

    endotoxins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • low toxicity - toxin released on cell breakdown or lysis

    解説

  • 31

    enterotoxins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • toxin due to host cell breakdown

    解説

  • 32

    hemolysins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • toxins that destroy erythorcytes; causes anemia

    解説

  • 33

    fibrolysins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1; kinases - bring about the lysis of a fibrin clot

    解説

  • 34

    2; capsule - anatomical pathogenicity; capsule is so large the phagocyte cannot engulf it

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hyaluronidase, allows free movement of microbes throughout the tissue

    解説

56638

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