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Principles Of Infectious Disease

カード 106枚 作成者: KenB (作成日: 2014/01/04)

  • pathology

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  • 1

    pathology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • study of disease

    解説

  • 2

    etiology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • stody of the cause of a disease

    解説

  • 3

    pathogenesis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • development of disease

    解説

  • 4

    infection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • colonization of the body by pathogens

    解説

  • 5

    disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally

    解説

  • 6

    transient microbiota

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • may be present for days weeks or months

    解説

  • 7

    normal microbiota

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • permanently colonize the host

    解説

  • 8

    normal microbiota located

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nose throat eyes mouth skin LGI urinary and reproductive sys

    解説

  • 9

    normal microbiota protect host by

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • occupy niches that pathogens might occupy

    解説

  • 10

    normal microbiota protect host by

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • producing acids

    解説

  • 11

    normal microbiota protect host by

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • producing bacteriocins

    解説

  • 12

    microbial antagonism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is a competition b/w microbes

    解説

  • 13

    probiotic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • live microbes applied to or ingested into body, intended to exert a beneficial effect

    解説

  • 14

    symbiosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • relationship b/w normal microbiota and host

    解説

  • 15

    commensalism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one organism benefits, other is unaffected

    解説

  • 16

    mutualism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • both organisms benefit

    解説

  • 17

    parasitism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one organism benefits at the expense of the other

    解説

  • 18

    opportunistic pathogen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ordinarily do not cause disease in their normal habitat in a healthy person but may do so in a different environment

    解説

  • 19

    koch's postulates

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • used to prove cause of infectious disease

    解説

  • 20

    koch's postulates

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. same pathogen present in every case

    解説

  • 21

    koch's postulates

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. isolated and grown in pure culture

    解説

  • 22

    koch's postulates

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3. cause disease when inoculated into healthy animal

    解説

  • 23

    koch's postulates

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4. pathogen isolated from incoulated animal and shown to be original pathogen

    解説

  • 24

    Koch's exceptions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • HIV

    解説

  • 25

    Koch's exceptions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • virus

    解説

  • 26

    Koch's exceptions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • uncurable pathogens

    解説

  • 27

    Koch's exceptions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ethical considerations

    解説

  • 28

    Koch's exceptions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • diseases caused by 1+ pathogen

    解説

  • 29

    Koch's exceptions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pathogens ignored as potential causes of disease

    解説

  • 30

    Koch's exceptions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pathogens that cause disease in humans only

    解説

  • 31

    Koch's exceptions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pathogens that cause several disease conditions

    解説

  • 32

    symptom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • chang ein body function that is felt by pt as a result of disease

    解説

  • 33

    sign

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • change in body that can be measured or observed as result of disease

    解説

  • 34

    syndrome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • specific group of signs and symptoms that accompany a disease

    解説

  • 35

    communicable disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disease that is spread from one host to another

    解説

  • 36

    contagious disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disease that is easily spread from one host to another

    解説

  • 37

    non-communicable disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disease that is not transmitted from one host to another

    解説

  • 38

    incidence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fraction of population that contracts a disease during a specific time

    解説

  • 39

    prevalence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fraction of population having a specific disease at a given time

    解説

  • 40

    sporadic disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disease that occurs occasionally in a population

    解説

  • 41

    endemic disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disease constantly present in a population

    解説

  • 42

    epidemic disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disease acquired by many hosts in a given area in a short time

    解説

  • 43

    pandemic disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • worldwide epidemic

    解説

  • 44

    herd immunity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • immunity in most of a population

    解説

  • 45

    acute disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • symptoms develop rapidly

    解説

  • 46

    chronic disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disease develops slowly

    解説

  • 47

    sub-acute disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • symptoms b/w acute and chronic

    解説

  • 48

    latent disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disease w periods of no symptoms when the causative agent is inactive

    解説

  • 49

    local infection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pathogens are limited to small area of body

    解説

  • 50

    systemic infection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • infection throughout the body

    解説

  • 51

    focal infection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • systemic infection that began as a local infection

    解説

  • 52

    sepsis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • toxic infammatory condition arising from the spread of microbes, especially bacteria or their toxins from focus of infection

    解説

  • 53

    bacteremia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bacteria in blood

    解説

  • 54

    septicemia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • growth of bacteria in blood

    解説

  • 55

    toxemia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • toxins in blood

    解説

  • 56

    viremia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • viruses in blood

    解説

  • 57

    primary infection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • acute infection that cuses initial illness

    解説

  • 58

    secondary infection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • opportunistic infection after a primary infection

    解説

  • 59

    subclinical disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • no noticable signs or symptoms

    解説

  • 60

    predisposing factors to disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • short urethra in females

    解説

  • 61

    predisposing factors to disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • inherited traits

    解説

  • 62

    predisposing factors to disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • climate/weather

    解説

  • 63

    predisposing factors to disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fatigue

    解説

  • 64

    predisposing factors to disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • age

    解説

  • 65

    predisposing factors to disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lifestyle

    解説

  • 66

    predisposing factors to disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • chemotherapy

    解説

  • 67

    predisposing factors to disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • stress

    解説

  • 68

    predisposing factors to disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • occupation

    解説

  • 69

    stages of disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • incubation period

    解説

  • 70

    stages of disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • prodromal period

    解説

  • 71

    stages of disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • period of illness

    解説

  • 72

    stages of disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • period of decline

    解説

  • 73

    stages of disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • period of convalescence

    解説

  • 74

    incubation period

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • period b/w initial infection and first appearance of signs or symptoms

    解説

  • 75

    prodromal period

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • early mild symptoms of some illnesses

    解説

  • 76

    prodromal period

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ache and malaise

    解説

  • 77

    period of illness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disease most severe

    解説

  • 78

    period of illness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • overt signs/symptoms

    解説

  • 79

    period of illness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • wbc count low/high

    解説

  • 80

    period of illness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pt dies if not overcome

    解説

  • 81

    period of decline

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • signs and symptoms subside

    解説

  • 82

    period of decline

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vulnerable to secondary infections

    解説

  • 83

    period of convalescence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • regain strength and return to pre-disease state

    解説

  • 84

    period of convalescence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • can spread disease

    解説

  • 85

    reservoir of infection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • animal

    解説

  • 86

    reservoir of infection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • human carrier

    解説

  • 87

    reservoir of infection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • non-living

    解説

  • 88

    transmission of disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • contact

    解説

  • 89

    transmission of disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vehicle

    解説

  • 90

    transmission of disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vector

    解説

  • 91

    contact

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • spread of agent of disease by direct, indirect or droplet transmission

    解説

  • 92

    direct contact

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • requires close association b/w infected and susceptible host

    解説

  • 93

    direct contact

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hard to determine

    解説

  • 94

    indirect contact

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • spread by fomites, tissues, towels, equipment

    解説

  • 95

    droplet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • airborne droplets

    解説

  • 96

    droplet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • travel short distances

    解説

  • 97

    vehicle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • transmission of disease agent via inanimate water, food, air, blood, fluid

    解説

  • 98

    vector

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • animals that cary pathogens from one host to another

    解説

  • 99

    vector

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • arthropods most common: fleas, ticks, mosquitoes

    解説

  • 100

    mechanical transmission by vector

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • arthropod carries pathogen on feet, passive

    解説

  • 101

    biological transmission

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pathogen reproduces in vector

    解説

  • 102

    biological transmission

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • active process:

    解説

  • 103

    biological transmission

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bites infected animal and ingests blood

    解説

  • 104

    biological transmission

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pathogen reproduced in vector

    解説

  • 105

    biological transmission

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • increase #

    解説

  • 106

    biological transmission

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • defecate while biting host & parasite enters wound

    解説

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