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Nutrition

カード 48枚 作成者: KenB (作成日: 2014/01/04)

  • the building blocks of proteins

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  • 1

    the building blocks of proteins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • amino acids

    解説

  • 2

    a positive nitrogen balance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • anabolism

    解説

  • 3

    the amount of energy used by the body at rest to maintain vital function

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • basal metabolic rate

    解説

  • 4

    the standard used to define obesity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bmi===body mass index

    解説

  • 5

    is an eating disorder characterized by self imposed starvation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • anerexia nervousa

    解説

  • 6

    is an eating disorder characterized by periods of binging followed by purging or laxatives

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bulimia nervousa

    解説

  • 7

    the breakdown or destructive phase of metabolism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • catabolism

    解説

  • 8

    is a lipid belonging to a class of chemical substances called sterols performs specific funtions in the body

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cholesterol

    解説

  • 9

    is a generic term for nondigestable chemicals substances found in plants

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dietary fiber

    解説

  • 10

    may occur after surgery in which a portion or all of the stomach is removed (patial or total gastrectomy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dumping syndrome

    解説

  • 11

    are those that our body cannot make in amounts necessary for good health there are 6

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • esential nutrients (carbs, fat, protein, water, vitamins, minerals)

    解説

  • 12

    administration of nutrients in the gi tract

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • enteral nutrition

    解説

  • 13

    is the bodys storage form of carbs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • glycogen

    解説

  • 14

    a process in which hydrogen is added to vegetable oil to make it more solid and stable to rancidity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hydrogenation

    解説

  • 15

    is a measurement of energy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • kilocalorie

    解説

  • 16

    are a group of organic substances that are insoluble in water that are necessary in the body for good health ex-fats and cholesterol are these

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lipids

    解説

  • 17

    are molecules made of lipids surrounded by proteins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lipoproteins

    解説

  • 18

    is the use of specific nutrition services to treat an illness, injury, or condition. It involves modifying diets in such a way as to meet the requirements created by disease or injury

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • medical nutrition therapy

    解説

  • 19

    can be defined as the amount of nitrogen that is consumed compared with the amount of nitrogen that is excreted

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nitrogen balance

    解説

  • 20

    food that contain large amounts of nutients relative to the kilocalories

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nutrient dense food

    解説

  • 21

    is defined as an excess amount of adipose tissure or body fat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • obesity

    解説

  • 22

    hyperalimentation, or ______ is the term that is used to describe intravenous feedings

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • parenteral nutrition

    解説

  • 23

    a progressive macrocytic megaloblastic anemia,,,affecting mostly older people

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pernicious anemia

    解説

  • 24

    ______ is food fiber and other substances that remain in the colon after digestion is completed

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • residue

    解説

  • 25

    a feeling of fullness and satisfaction from food

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • satiety

    解説

  • 26

    a diet used as a medical treatment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • therapeutic diet

    解説

  • 27

    refers to the administration of a hypertonic solution into a large central vein

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • total parenteral nutrition

    解説

  • 28

    is the administration of nutritionally balanced liquified foods or formula through a tube inserted into the stomach duodenum or jejunum by way of a naso tube or feeding ostomy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tube feeding

    解説

  • 29

    strict vegetarian diet completly excludes all animal products

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vegan

    解説

  • 30

    role of the nurse in promoting nutrition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • encourage compliance

    解説

  • 31

    role of the nurse in promoting nutrition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • serve meals in a positive manner

    解説

  • 32

    role of the nurse in promoting nutrition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • observe and report signs of poor nutrition

    解説

  • 33

    role of the nurse in promoting nutrition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • assist with eating/feeding

    解説

  • 34

    the main function of carbs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to provide energy

    解説

  • 35

    the food pyramid has ___groups

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 6

    解説

  • 36

    the 6 essential nutrients

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • water, carbs, protein, fats, vitamins, minerals,

    解説

  • 37

    how many cals for fat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 9

    解説

  • 38

    simple carb example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • monosaccharides, disaccharides, fructose, sucrose, and lactose

    解説

  • 39

    what is the bodys storage form of carbs?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • glycogen

    解説

  • 40

    what is the benefit of fiber

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to aid in digestion, less constipation

    解説

  • 41

    bodys storage form of fat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • adipose tissue

    解説

  • 42

    secretion of the liver necessary to emulsify fat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bile

    解説

  • 43

    LDL

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the bad cholesterol

    解説

  • 44

    vitamin for vision not enough ya get night blindness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vitamin A

    解説

  • 45

    assists with blood clotting

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vitamin K

    解説

  • 46

    aka the sunshine vitamin can get in milk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vitamin D

    解説

  • 47

    which vitamin helps prevent osteoporosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • calcium

    解説

  • 48

    sources of potassium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • baked potatoes, cantelope

    解説

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