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Counseling

カード 79枚 作成者: KenB (作成日: 2014/01/04)

  • affirms

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  • 1

    affirms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • supports clients change efforts

    解説

  • 2

    ambivalence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • client's mixed feelings about difficult change modifying behaviors

    解説

  • 3

    cognitive behavioral therapy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • therapy in which maladaptive thoughts are modified; problem solving and coping skills are enhanced

    解説

  • 4

    cultural sensitivity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • respecting and understanding the attitudes, values and beliefs of others; willingness to use cultural kowledge while interacting with clients

    解説

  • 5

    discrepancy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • strategy that identifies conflicting feelings when change results in both positive and negative consequences

    解説

  • 6

    double sided reflection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • statement from the counselor describing a discrepancy b/w clients current and previous words that provides ideas for open discussion to facilitate change

    解説

  • 7

    empathy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • technique by which the counselor accepts a clients feelings of turmoil about making changes

    解説

  • 8

    motivational interviewing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • counseling style designed to achieve the willingness to change w/in a client; responsibility is asigned to the client, but the counselor style is persuasive and supportive

    解説

  • 9

    negotiation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • strategy whereby the client and counselor interaction allow for a compromise designed to achieve a specific goal

    解説

  • 10

    normalization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • statement indicating that the clients behavior is perfectly within reason and normal; validates the clients reaction to a given situation

    解説

  • 11

    reflective listening

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • guessing at what a client feels and sating that feeling; promotes understanding on the part of the counselor

    解説

  • 12

    reframing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • strategy whereby the counselor changes the clients interpretation of the same basic data that he or she has given and offers a new viewpoint

    解説

  • 13

    self-efficacy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • clients believe in his or her ability to carry out change

    解説

  • 14

    self management

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • strategy whereby the counselor facilitates the ability to change through the clients decisions

    解説

  • 15

    self monitoring

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • clients recording of behavior changes

    解説

  • 16

    transtheoretical model or stages of change model

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • describes behavior change as a process in which individuals progress through a series of six distinct stages: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and relapse

    解説

  • 17

    bolus feeding

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • infusion of up to 500 ml of enteral formula into the stomach over 5-20 min usually with large bore syringe

    解説

  • 18

    catheter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fine tube that can be threaded into the lumen of a blood vessel for infusion of fluids or withdrawal of blood

    解説

  • 19

    central pareneral nutrition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vein, usually the superior vena cava

    解説

  • 20

    continuous drip infusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • enteral formula admin into the GI via pump, usually over 8-24 hours per day

    解説

  • 21

    cyclic central parenteral nutrition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • admin of total parenteral nutrition soln for 12-18 consecutive hours, usually at night, followed by a 6-12 hr period of no infusion

    解説

  • 22

    enteral nutrition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • provision of nutrients int the Gi through tube when oral intake is inadequate

    解説

  • 23

    GI decompression

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • prevention of gaseous inflation (distention) of the gastrointestinal tract by the application of intermittent or continuous negative pressure (suction) through a nasogastric tube

    解説

  • 24

    hemodynamic stability

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the ability of a patient to maintain adequate blood pressure

    解説

  • 25

    intermittent drip feeding

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • enteral formula admin at specified times throughout the day; generally in smaller volumes and at a slower rate than a bolus feeding but in larger volumes and at a faster rate than continuous feedings

    解説

  • 26

    lumen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • interior area of a tube, catheter, or blood vessel

    解説

  • 27

    monomeric

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when referring to protein and cho the form n which the nutrientha been hydrolyzed into its smaller parts

    解説

  • 28

    needle catheter jejunostomy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • feeding opening used to provide small bore needle insertion into the jejunum at time of surgery

    解説

  • 29

    osmolarity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • number of milliosmoles of solute (particles) per liter of solution

    解説

  • 30

    osmolality

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • number of milliosmoles of solute (particles) per kg of solvent

    解説

  • 31

    parenteral nutrition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • provision of nutrients intravenously, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

    解説

  • 32

    PEG

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • feeding tube, the insertion of which into the stomach involves using an endoscope and pulling the tube through a small incision in the abdominal wall, percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy

    解説

  • 33

    PEJ

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • feeding tube inserted into the jejunum using an endoscopic technique, peripheral parenteral nutrition

    解説

  • 34

    PPN

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • delivery of nutrients into a smaller peripheral vein

    解説

  • 35

    pulmonary aspiration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • inadvertent inspiration into the lungs of body fluids such as vomitus from the stomach

    解説

  • 36

    rebound hypoglycemia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • low blood sugar resulting from abrupt cessation of total parenteral nutrition solutions

    解説

  • 37

    refeeding syndrome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • low serum levels of potassium, magnesium, phosphorus with severe, potentially lethal outcome that results from the too rapid infusion of substrates particularly cho into the plasma with the consequent release of insulin and shift of electrolytes into the intracellular space as glucose moves into the cells for oxidation and there is reduction in salt and water excrtion

    解説

  • 38

    stoma

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • artificially created opening between a body cavity and the bodys urface that has healed

    解説

  • 39

    transitional feeding

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • process of progressing from one method of nutritional support to another or to oral feeding nutrition support is the delivery of formulated enteral or parenteral nutrients to appropriate patients for purpose of maintaining or restoring nutritional status

    解説

  • 40

    enteral nutrition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • refers to the provision of nutrients into the gastrointestinal tract through a tube or catheter when oral intake is inadequate. In certain instances enteral nutrition may include the use of formulas as oral supplements or meal replacements.

    解説

  • 41

    parenteral nutrition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • provision of nutrients intravenously

    解説

  • 42

    Ageusia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • loss or absence of the sense of taste

    解説

  • 43

    antioxidants

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • molecules such as some vitamins that block action of activated oxygen molecules (free radicals) that can damage cells

    解説

  • 44

    cancer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • abnormal diviison and reproduction of cells that can spread throughout the body, crowding out normal cells and tissues

    解説

  • 45

    cancer cachexia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • weight loss and lessening of bodys fat and muscle stores that accompany advanced cancer, even with adequate nutrition; may be related to elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor

    解説

  • 46

    carcinogen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • agent - physical, chemical, viral- that induces cancer in humans and animals

    解説

  • 47

    case control studies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • studies in which the diets of individuals with cancer are compared with those of cancer free controls matched for age, sex and other key factors

    解説

  • 48

    chemotherapy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • use of chemical agents (cytotoxins, immunologic preparations, hormonals) or medications to prevent the development, maturation, or spread of neoplastic cells

    解説

  • 49

    cohort studies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • studies in which diets of different groups of subjects are determined before cancer onset and the incidences of developing cancers in each group are compared

    解説

  • 50

    control

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to extend the length of life when a cure is not possible; to obscure microscopic metastases after tumors are surgically removed; to shrink tumors before surgery or radiation therapy

    解説

  • 51

    cross-sectional studies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • studies in which the diets of different groups of subjects are compared using the same measures at a single point in time

    解説

  • 52

    Cure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to obtain complete response to treatment of a specific cancer

    解説

  • 53

    cytokines

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • protein mediators produced by inflammatory cells in response to exogenous stimuli

    解説

  • 54

    dysgeusia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • impaired taste

    解説

  • 55

    epidemiologic studies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • studies looking at cancer in pop incl who gets specific types and what factors play a part in the development of cancer

    解説

  • 56

    graft-vs-host disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disease caused by the immune response of histoincompatible immunocompetent donor cells against the tissues of an immunoincompetent host; an immunologic reaction of allogeneic donor cells (graft) reacting against the patient (host) tissues

    解説

  • 57

    hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • use of chemotherapy and radiation therapy to ablate bone marrow, followed by an intravenous infusion of autologous allogenec or syngeneic stem cells

    解説

  • 58

    hypogeusia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • decr taste acuity

    解説

  • 59

    immunotherapy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • use of biologic response modifiers that are made through cloning and genetic engineering, as cytotoic agents or indirectly as stimulators for the indiv own natural defenses to kill tumor cells; examples are alpha interferon and interleukin 2; also includes supportive care agents (hematopoietics) such as cytokines that stimulate the marrow to develop faster

    解説

  • 60

    initiation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • initial stage of tumorigenesis, involving transformation of cellular DNA

    解説

  • 61

    malignant neoplasm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mas of cancer cells that invades surrounding tissues or spreads to distant areas of the body; if left untreated it will likely worsen and become possibly fatal

    解説

  • 62

    Metastasis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • growth of malignant tissue that spreads to surrounding tissues or organs

    解説

  • 63

    mucositis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • inflammation of mucous membrane

    解説

  • 64

    myelosuppression

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • suppression of bone marrow cell production

    解説

  • 65

    neoplasm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • new and abnormal formation of tissue that serves no useful function

    解説

  • 66

    neutropenia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reduction in WBC count (neutrophils) that can be caused by chemitherapy or radiation therapy and that in turn results in increased susceptibility to potentially life threatening infections

    解説

  • 67

    palliative care

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to provide support and comfort when cure or control is not possible; to improve quality of life; to reduce tumor burden and help relieve cancer related symptoms

    解説

  • 68

    pancytopenia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reduction in all cellular elements of the blood

    解説

  • 69

    phytochemicals

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nonnutritive compds in plants thought to influence the process of tumorigenesis

    解説

  • 70

    progression

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • phase in which tumor cells aggregate, grow autonomously and form benign tumors that eventually lead to malignant phenotype with the capacity for tissue invasion and metastasis

    解説

  • 71

    promotion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • stage of tumorigenesis in which initiated cells are activated by a promoting agent to multiply and form a discrete tumor

    解説

  • 72

    radiation therapy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • use of high energy rays (ionizing radiation) in multiple fractionated doses to cure, control, or palliate cancer

    解説

  • 73

    radiation induced enteritis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • inflammation that can occur after radiation to the intestinal tract and that leads to diarrhea and malabsorption

    解説

  • 74

    sinusoidal obstructive syndrome SOS

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • symptomatic occlusion of the small hepatic venules caused by hepatotoxins and radiation therapy or chemotherapy; may resolve after removal of the offending agent or may progress to portal hypertension and liver failure

    解説

  • 75

    staging

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • classification system known as TNM that is used to identify the extent of the tumor; its size the degree of growth and spread; T stands for the size of the tumor N for the degree of spread to lumph nodes and M for the presence of metastasis

    解説

  • 76

    tumor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • solid cancer that causes swelling or lump; commonly defined as malignant neoplasm

    解説

  • 77

    tumor markers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • different chemical substances that are found in blood and body fluids and are used to identify and diagnose different types of cancer and monitor response to treatment

    解説

  • 78

    tumor necrosis factor (cachectin)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hormonelike protein that releases fat from fat stores, reduces the concentration of enzymes required for the production and storage of fat and induces a state of anorexia

    解説

  • 79

    xerostomia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dryness of mouth

    解説

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