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World History Mid-term Events and Institutions Ver 1

カード 74枚 作成者: rumina (作成日: 2015/02/17)

  • the belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God

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教材の説明:

Terms from the textbook

公開範囲:

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    the belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Divine Right

    解説

  • 2

    official appointed by French king Louis XIV to govern provinces, collect taxes, and recruit soldiers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Intendants

    解説

  • 3

    government in which a constitution of a legislative body limits the monarch's powers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Limited monarchy

    解説

  • 4

    rulers of Central European empire that lasted from the 1400s to the 1900s and at its height included the lands of the Holy Roman Empire and the Netherlands

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Habsburgs

    解説

  • 5

    landowing nobles in Russia under the tsars

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Boyars

    解説

  • 6

    right that belongs to all humans from birth, such as life, liberty, and property

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Natural Rights

    解説

  • 7

    policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Laissez-faire

    解説

  • 8

    situation in which a government spends more money than it takes in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Deficit spending

    解説

  • 9

    time period during the French Revolution when people in France were arrested for not supporting the revolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Reign of Terror

    解説

  • 10

    working-class men or women who made the French Revolution more radical; wore long trousers in stead of the fancy knee breeches that the upper class wore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sans-culottes

    解説

  • 11

    body of French civil laws intoduced in 1804; served as model for many nations' civil codes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Code Napoleon

    解説

  • 12

    movement of people from rural areas to cities

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Urbanization

    解説

  • 13

    working class

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Proletariat

    解説

  • 14

    production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Assembly line

    解説

  • 15

    a groups of companies that join together to control the production and price of a product

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cartels

    解説

  • 16

    right of women to vote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Women's suffrage

    解説

  • 17

    19th century artistic movement that appealed to emotion rather than reason

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Romanticism

    解説

  • 18

    Bismarck's "battle for civilization," in which his goal was to make Catholics put loyalty to the state above their allegiance to the Church

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Kulturkampf

    解説

  • 19

    a country with a market economy but with increased government responsibility for the social and economic needs of its people

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Welfare state

    解説

  • 20

    the monarchy of Austria-Hungary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Dual Monarchy

    解説

  • 21

    votes cast without announcing them publicly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Secret ballot

    解説

  • 22

    a canal linking the Red Sea and Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea, which also links Europe to Asia and East Africa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Suez Canal

    解説

  • 23

    temporary alliance of various political parties

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coalition

    解説

  • 24

    country with its own government but under the control of an outside power

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Protectorate

    解説

  • 25

    deliberate attempt to destroy an entire religious or ethnic group

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Genocide

    解説

  • 26

    having a ruler with complete authority over the government and lives of the people

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Absolute Monarchy

    解説

  • 27

    policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imported in order to build its supply of gold and silver

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mercantilism

    解説

  • 28

    notebooks used during French Revolution to record grievances

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Les Cahiers

    解説

  • 29

    fortress in Paris used as a prison; French Revolution began when Parisians stormed it in 1789

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bastille

    解説

  • 30

    members of a radical political club during the French Revolution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Jacobins

    解説

  • 31

    add a territory to an existing state or country

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Annex

    解説

  • 32

    principle by which monarchies that had been unseated by the French Revolution or Napoleon were restored

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Legitimacy

    解説

  • 33

    the process of taking over and consolidating land formerly shared by peasant farmers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Enclosure

    解説

  • 34

    system in which the peple as a whole rather than private individuals own all property and operate all businesses

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Socialism

    解説

  • 35

    the theory that infectious diseases are caused by certain microbes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Germ theory

    解説

  • 36

    measures the quality and availability of necessities and comforts in a society

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Standard of living

    解説

  • 37

    19th century artistic movement whose aim was to represent the world as it is

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Realism

    解説

  • 38

    violent attack on a Jewish community

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pogrom

    解説

  • 39

    man-made waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Panama Canal

    解説

  • 40

    fleet or ships

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Armada

    解説

  • 41

    distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Balance of Power

    解説

  • 42

    soldiers serving in a foreign army for pay

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mercenaries

    解説

  • 43

    absolute monarchy using his or her power to bring about political and social change

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Enlightened Despotism

    解説

  • 44

    rules of conduct discoverable by reason

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Natural Laws

    解説

  • 45

    French thinkers who desired reform in society during the Enlightenment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Philosophes

    解説

  • 46

    ornate style of art and architecture popular in the 1600s and 1700s

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Baroque

    解説

  • 47

    famous oath made on a tennis court by members of the Third Estate in France

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tennis Court Oath

    解説

  • 48

    right to vote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Suffrage

    解説

  • 49

    ballot in which voters have a direct say on an issue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Plebiscite

    解説

  • 50

    blockade designed by Napoleon to hurt Britain economically by closing European ports to British goods; ultimately unseccessful

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Continental System

    解説

  • 51

    people who believe in idealistic or visionary, ususally used to sescribe a perfect society

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Utopians

    解説

  • 52

    the process of fixing up the poor areas of a city

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Urban renewal

    解説

  • 53

    idealization of women and the home

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cult of domesticity

    解説

  • 54

    movement of the 1800s that urged Christians to do social service

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Social Gospel

    解説

  • 55

    school of painting of the late 1800s and early 1900s that tried to capture fleeting visual impressions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Impressionism

    解説

  • 56

    granting of freedom to serfs or slaves

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Emancipation

    解説

  • 57

    rural town in England that sent members to Parliament despite having few or no voters

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rotten borough

    解説

  • 58

    belief that one racial group is superior to another

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Racism

    解説

  • 59

    legislative body made up of representatives of the three estates in prerevolutionary France

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Estates General

    解説

  • 60

    series of treaties that ended the Thirty Years' War

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Peace of Westphalia

    解説

  • 61

    personal, elegant style of art and architecture made popular during the mid-1700s that featured designs with the shapes of leaves, shells, and flowers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rococo

    解説

  • 62

    government in which ruling power belongs to a few people

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Oligarchy

    解説

  • 63

    the middle class

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bourgeoisie

    解説

  • 64

    French port city; troops marched to a patriotic song as they marched from this city, the song eventually became the French national anthem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Marseillaise

    解説

  • 65

    assembly of European leaders that met after the Napoleonic era to piece Europe back together; met from September 1814 to June 1815

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Congress of Vienna

    解説

  • 66

    private roads built by entrepreneurs who charged a toll, or fee, to travelers who used it

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Turnpikes

    解説

  • 67

    workers' organizations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Labor unions

    解説

  • 68

    a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Nationalism

    解説

  • 69

    complete control of a product or business by one person or group

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Monopolies

    解説

  • 70

    realistic politics based on the needs of the state

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Realpolitik

    解説

  • 71

    local elected assembly set up in Russia under Alexander II

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Zemstvo

    解説

  • 72

    local self-government

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Home rule

    解説

  • 73

    a movement devoted to rebuilding a Jewish state in Palestine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Zionism

    解説

  • 74

    domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Imperialism

    解説

56869

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