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Ch. 11 Growth of Western Democracies Terms

カード 33枚 作成者: rumina (作成日: 2015/02/13)

  • rotten boroughs

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    rotten boroughs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rural town in England that sent members to Parliament despite having few or no voters.

    解説

  • 2

    electorate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The body of people allowed to vote.

    解説

  • 3

    secret ballot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Allows people to cast their votes without announcing them publicly.

    解説

  • 4

    Queen Victoria

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The great symbol in British life from 1837-1901. Although she exercised little real political power, she set the tone for what is now called the Victorian Age.

    解説

  • 5

    Benjamin Disraeli

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Changed the Tories into the modern Conservative Party. Gave voting rights to many working class man and doubled the size of the electorate.

    解説

  • 6

    William Gladstone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Changed the Whigs into the modern Liberal Party. Gave voting rights to farm workers and most other men.

    解説

  • 7

    parliamentary democracy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A form of government in which the executive leaders (usually a prime minister and cabinet) are chosen by and responsible to the legislature (parliament), and are also members of it.

    解説

  • 8

    free trade

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Trade between countries without quotas, tariffs, or other restrictions.

    解説

  • 9

    repeal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cancel

    解説

  • 10

    abolition movement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Campaign against slavery and the slave trade.

    解説

  • 11

    capital offense

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Crime punishable by death.

    解説

  • 12

    penal colony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Settlement for convicts in the new British territory of Australia.

    解説

  • 13

    absentee landlord

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • One who owns a large estate but does not live there.

    解説

  • 14

    home rule

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Local self government.

    解説

  • 15

    Napoleon III

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte and set up the Second Empire in France. Unlike his famous uncle, he would not bring France glory nor an empire.

    解説

  • 16

    Suez Canal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A canal linking the Red Sea and Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea. It linked Europe to Asia and East Africa.

    解説

  • 17

    provisional

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • temporary

    解説

  • 18

    premier

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • prime minister

    解説

  • 19

    coalition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • alliance of various parties

    解説

  • 20

    Dreyfus Affair

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A political scandal that caused deep divisions in France between Royalists and liberals and republicans. Centered on the 1894 wrong conviction of Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish officer in the French army.

    解説

  • 21

    libel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The knowing publication of false and damaging statements

    解説

  • 22

    Zionism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A movement devoted to rebuilding a Jewish state in Palestine

    解説

  • 23

    creates the law

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • role of the legislature

    解説

  • 24

    bicameral legislature

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • two separate houses

    解説

  • 25

    House of the Commons and House of the Lord

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • English bicameral legislature

    解説

  • 26

    The Senate and the House of Representatives

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the U.S. Congress

    解説

  • 27

    Having two main political parties

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bipartisan system

    解説

  • 28

    Conservative Party and the Liberal Party

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the two English political parties

    解説

  • 29

    The Labour Party

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Overtook the Liberal Party as one of the two leading parties along with the Conservative Party.

    解説

  • 30

    Disraeli

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • leader of the Conservative

    解説

  • 31

    Gladstone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • leader of the Liberal

    解説

  • 32

    rich middle class

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Reform Act of 1832 gave votes to...

    解説

  • 33

    coup d'etat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Napoleon III made sure to become an emperor by...

    解説

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