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Ch 9 Life in the Industrial Age

カード 47枚 作成者: rumina (作成日: 2015/02/11)

  • Henry Bessemer

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Henry Bessemer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • process for making steel from iron

    解説

  • 2

    Alfred Nobel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dynamite

    解説

  • 3

    Michael Faraday

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dynamo

    解説

  • 4

    dynamo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • machine that generates electricity

    解説

  • 5

    Thomas Edison

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • first electric light bulb

    解説

  • 6

    interchangeable parts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • identical components that can be used in place of one another

    解説

  • 7

    assembly line

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • System where workers add parts moving along a conveyor belt one station at a time

    解説

  • 8

    Wright brothers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • airplane

    解説

  • 9

    Marconi

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • radio

    解説

  • 10

    stock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • shares in owners' companies

    解説

  • 11

    corporation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • business owned by many investors who buy shares of stock

    解説

  • 12

    cartel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an association to fix prices, set production quotas, and control markets

    解説

  • 13

    germ theory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • says that certain microbes might cause specific infectious diseases

    解説

  • 14

    Louis Pasteur

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • showed the link between microbes and disease

    解説

  • 15

    Robert Koch

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • identified the bacterium that causes tuberculosis

    解説

  • 16

    Florence Nightingale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • better hygiene in field hospitals

    解説

  • 17

    Joseph Lister

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • discovered how antiseptics prevent infection and insisted on surgeons sterilizing their instruments

    解説

  • 18

    urban renewal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • rebuilding of the poor areas of the city

    解説

  • 19

    mutual-aid society

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • self-help groups to aid sick or injured workers

    解説

  • 20

    standard of living

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • measures the quality and availability of necessities and comforts in society

    解説

  • 21

    cult of domesticity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • idealization of women and the home

    解説

  • 22

    temperance movement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Campaign to limit or ban the sale of alcoholic beverages

    解説

  • 23

    Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • crusaded against slavery

    解説

  • 24

    women's suffrage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • women's right to vote

    解説

  • 25

    Sojourner Truth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an African American suffragist

    解説

  • 26

    John Dalton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • atomic theory

    解説

  • 27

    Charles Darwin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • theory of natural selection

    解説

  • 28

    Publication of Darwin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • On the Origin of Species

    解説

  • 29

    Lyell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Principles of Geology

    解説

  • 30

    racism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Social Darwinism encouraged this type of hatred.

    解説

  • 31

    social gospel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a movement that urges Christians to social service

    解説

  • 32

    Hugo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • re-created France's past

    解説

  • 33

    Mendelyev

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Russian chemist who drew a table of elements

    解説

  • 34

    Social Darwinism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Concept that certain tycoons are more "fit" than those put out of business. War brought progress by weeding out the weaker economic nations.

    解説

  • 35

    romanticism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an artistic style emphasizing imagination, freedom, and emotion

    解説

  • 36

    William Blake

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Romanticist writer W.B.

    解説

  • 37

    Publications of Hugo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "The Three Musketeers", "The Hunchback of Notre Dame", and "Les Miserables"

    解説

  • 38

    Byronic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • isolated romantic heroes

    解説

  • 39

    Byron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Romantic writer who created mysterious and melancholy heroes, often with grim fates. He himself joined the Greek forces for freedom.

    解説

  • 40

    Beethoven

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • German composer who took full advantage of the wide range of instruments in a modern orchestra

    解説

  • 41

    realism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • artistic movement whose aim was to represent the real world as it was

    解説

  • 42

    Charles Dickens

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • English realist writer who portrayed the tough lives of slum dwellers and factory workers.

    解説

  • 43

    Courbet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • French Realist painter who focused on ordinary subjects and the working class

    解説

    http://o.quizlet.com/i/VNXwSoKdK14BZcWc1sU31w.jpg

  • 44

    Daguerre

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • French technician who improved photography, inadvertently posing a challenge to realist painters.

    解説

    http://o.quizlet.com/qqMMUljzz7yaqtewTFkj9Q.png

  • 45

    impressionism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • art style that tried to capture the fleeting impressions of an experience

    解説

  • 46

    Monet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • French Impressionist whose brush strokes did not blend; the human eye would mix those patches of color.

    解説

  • 47

    Van Gogh

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Postimpressionist who experimented with sharp brush lines and bright colors to give a dreamlike quality to everyday subjects.

    解説

57027

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