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Korean History Exam 1

カード 60枚 作成者: pupaileena (作成日: 2015/02/04)

  • What are the names of the first Korean state and its founder?

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教材の説明:

This set includes the questions for my 1st year Korean Culture and Civilisation exam. The answers are in Korean as is required by my professor.

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  • 1

    What are the names of the first Korean state and its founder?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 고조선 단군왕검

    解説

  • 2

    What is the stone relic found on the Korean Peninsula in the Bronze Age called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 고인돌

    解説

  • 3

    What are the bronze daggers unique to the Korean Peninsula called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 세형동검

    解説

  • 4

    What are the names of three states that existed before the Three Kingdoms in the Korean Peninsula?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 마한, 진한, 변한

    解説

  • 5

    What are the names of the Three Kingdoms in the Korean Peninsula and areas of Manchuria?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 고구려 백제 신라

    解説

  • 6

    Which was the longest existing among the Four Commanderies of Han built in the areas that Gojeoson dominated after Han Dynasty destroyed Gojoseon?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 낙랑

    解説

  • 7

    What is the name of the city that was once the capital of both Goguryeo and Gojoseon and is now the capital of North Korea?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 평양

    解説

  • 8

    What is the name of the currency, which have a sword shape, showing the active trade between Gojoseon and Chinese countries?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 명도전

    解説

  • 9

    Who is the founder of Goguryeo and what is the founding year?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 주몽 37 BC

    解説

  • 10

    Who is the founder of Silla and what is the founding year?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 박혁거세 57 BC

    解説

  • 11

    Who is the founder of Baekje and what is the founding year?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 온조왕 18 BC

    解説

  • 12

    What is the name of the king who began to expand Goguryeo's territory and is considered to be the greatest king of Goguryeo?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 광개토대왕

    解説

  • 13

    What is the name of the tombstone that tells us vividly about the territories and history of Goguryeo?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 광개토대왕릉비

    解説

  • 14

    China has tried to transfer the history of Goguryeo and Balhae to the history of China. What is the name of this project?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 동북공정

    解説

  • 15

    The second and third capital of Baekje were Ungjin and Sabi respectfully. What are the modern names of these cities?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 웅진 -> 공주 사비 -> 부여군

    解説

  • 16

    Which one of the Three Kingdoms accepted Buddhism as the national religion?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 신라

    解説

  • 17

    What is the name of the tomb in Baekje which has a Chinese style brick tome and where many precious relics were found?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 무령왕릉

    解説

  • 18

    What is the name of the temple that is one of the legacies of Silla where a statue of Buddha is enshrined in the center of the cave?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 석굴암

    解説

  • 19

    What is the typical relic of Goguryeo, usually found in tombs, that described the lifestyle and consciousness of the Goguryeo people?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 백화

    解説

  • 20

    What is the name of the country, and its capital, that unified the ancient Three Kingdoms in the Korean Peninsula?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 신라 - 서라벌

    解説

  • 21

    When did Goguryeo and Baekje collapse?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 고구려 - 668 백제 - 660

    解説

  • 22

    What is the era spanning over decades from the unification of Silla to Goryeo's establishment called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 후삼국시대

    解説

  • 23

    What is the name of the monk who studied in China and is the founder of the Hwaeom school?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 의상

    解説

  • 24

    What is the name of the monk who died a martyr for the introduction of Buddhism in Silla?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 이차돈

    解説

  • 25

    What is the name of the history book made by il-yeon during the Goryeo Dynasty?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 삼국유사

    解説

  • 26

    What is the name of the history book made by Kim Bu-Sik during the Goryeo Dynasty?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 삼국사기

    解説

  • 27

    Which country was the core of descendants of Goguryeo and Mohe people, founded after Goguryeo's collapse?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 발해

    解説

  • 28

    What are Goryeo ceramics called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 고려청자

    解説

  • 29

    What were the common people in Goryeo called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 평민

    解説

  • 30

    What was the regime of Goryeo during the invasion of the Yuan Dynasty?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 무신정권

    解説

  • 31

    What is the Mongolian custom that was popular in Goryeo called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 몽골풍

    解説

  • 32

    What is the Goryeo custom that was popular from the Yuan Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 고려양

    解説

  • 33

    What is the name of the temple built in Gyeongju, Silla?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 불국사

    解説

  • 34

    What are the names of the two pagodas built in Bulguksa which show the beauty of Buddhist architecture?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 다보탑; 석가탑

    解説

  • 35

    Who is the founder of Goryeo, and what is the founding year?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 태조왕건 918

    解説

  • 36

    What are the names of the founder and capital of Goryeo?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 태조왕건 개성

    解説

  • 37

    When was the first metal type of the world made in Goryeo?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1234

    解説

  • 38

    What is the name of the oldest surviving book printed by metal type in Goryeo?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 직지

    解説

  • 39

    What is the name of the Tripitaka Koreana which was made when the Yuan Dynasty invaded Goryeo?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 팔만대장경

    解説

  • 40

    What is the conference of aristocrats in Silla?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 화백

    解説

  • 41

    What is the caste system of Silla called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 골품제도

    解説

  • 42

    Which aristocrat class could be king in Silla?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 성골

    解説

  • 43

    What is the elite youth military group from the noble in Silla?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 화랑

    解説

  • 44

    Which Chinese dynasty was on the brink of ruin resulting from the defeats in wars with Goguryeo?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 수 나라

    解説

  • 45

    Where is the economic, political, and military stronghold of the Korean Peninsula, for which the ancient Three Kingdoms fought for, located?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 한강

    解説

  • 46

    Who is the founder, and what is the founding year of Balhae?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 대조영, 698

    解説

  • 47

    Who were the scholars dispatched to Japan to teach the culture of Baekje?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 왕인; 아직기

    解説

  • 48

    What is the "Smile of Baekje" which is a kind of statue in Buddhist statue?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 서산마애삼존불

    解説

  • 49

    What is the residential district of the Silla people located in the Shandong Peninsula which played a role of trade center between Silla and China?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 신라방

    解説

  • 50

    What is the name of the general who stopped the Pirates and lead foreign trade with China and Japan in Cheonghaejin?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 장보고

    解説

  • 51

    What is the name of the monk who popularized Buddhism in Silla?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 원효

    解説

  • 52

    What is the name of the book that monk Hyecho wrote while traveling around India and China during the Unified Silla period?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 왕오천축국전

    解説

  • 53

    What were the national events of Buddhism held in Silla and Goryeo?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 신라 - 연등회 고려 - 팔관회

    解説

  • 54

    What was the office system which allowed the descendants of officials with high positions to pass without taking the office examination?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 음서제도

    解説

  • 55

    What was the land system which was given to officials in Goryeo?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 곰음전

    解説

  • 56

    What was the civil service examination in Goryeo?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 과거시험

    解説

  • 57

    What is the name of the island where the military regime of Goryeo moved to to defend against invasions of the Yuan Dynasty?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 강화도

    解説

  • 58

    What was the political system Choi Chung Heon made to maintain Choi's regime?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 교정도감

    解説

  • 59

    What is the family clan where family names originate from?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 본관

    解説

  • 60

    What is the name of the last large scale battle between Silla and Baekje where Silla army defeated the Baekje forces of General Gyebaek?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 황산벌 전투

    解説

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