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GMAT Weaken Questions

カード 17枚 作成者: Kenny15 (作成日: 2013/12/23)

  • Weaken Questions

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  • 1

    Weaken Questions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • require you to select the answer choice that undermines the author's argument as decisively as possible. Shows the conclusion fails to account for some element or possibility

    解説

  • 2

    Rules of Weaken Questions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1) identify, isolate, and assess the premises and conclusion of the argument

    解説

  • 3

    Rules of Weaken Questions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2) Focus on the conclusion. Almost all correct weaken answer choices impact the conclusion.

    解説

  • 4

    Rules of Weaken Questions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3) The information in the stimulus is suspect

    解説

  • 5

    Rules of Weaken Questions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4) Weaken questions often yield strong prephases

    解説

  • 6

    Rules of Weaken Questions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5) The answer choices are accepted as given, even if they include "new" information.

    解説

  • 7

    Weaken Features

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1) The stem uses "weaken" or a synonym,

    解説

  • 8

    Weaken Features

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2) The stem indicates you should accept the answer choices as true

    解説

  • 9

    Common Weaken Synonyms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • attack, undermine, refute, argue against, call into question, cast doubt, challenge, damage, counter

    解説

  • 10

    Common Weakening Scenarios

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1) Incomplete Information - the author fails to consider all of the possibilities, or relies on evidence that is incomplete. This flaw can be attacked by bringing up new possibilities or information.

    解説

  • 11

    Common Weakening Scenarios

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2) improper comparison - the author tries to compare two or more items that are essentially different

    解説

  • 12

    Common Weakening Scenarios

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3) Qualified Conclusion - the author qualifies or limits the conclusion in such a way as to leave the argument open to attack

    解説

  • 13

    Incorrect Answer Choices

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1) Opposite Answers,

    解説

  • 14

    Incorrect Answer Choices

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2) Shell Game Answers - used to attack a conclusion that is similar to, but slightly different from the one presented in the stimulus, and

    解説

  • 15

    Incorrect Answer Choices

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3) Out of Scope Answers - miss the point of the argument, and raise issues that are not related to the argument

    解説

  • 16

    Weakening a Conditional Conclusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • attack the necessary condition by showing that the necessary condition does not need to occur in order for the sufficient condition to occur. This can be achieved by presenting a counter example, or by presenting information that shows that the sufficient condition can occur without the necessary condition.

    解説

  • 17

    Classic Combination

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • When there is conditional reasoning in the stimulus, and a weakening question immediately look for an answer that attacks the necessary condition.

    解説

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