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Spanish 'Modal' Verbs In Context

カード 11枚 作成者: KatePressed (作成日: 2015/01/18)

  • I can study more.


    CAN [1/1]

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : スペイン語
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  • 1

    I can study more.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • CAN [1/1]
    • presente, indicativo = poder

    答え

    • Puedo estudiar más.

    解説

  • 2

    I could study more if I had the book.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • COULD [1/1] (I would be able to in the event...)
    • condicional, indicativo = poder

    答え

    • Podría estudiar más si tuve el libro.

    解説

  • 3

    I could have studied more if I had the book.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • COULD HAVE [1/3] (At one time, I was able to...)
    • pretérito, indicativo = poder

    答え

    • Pude estudiar más si tuve el libro.

    解説

  • 4

    I could have studied more if I had the book.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • COULD HAVE [2/3] (For awhile, I was able to...)
    • imperfecto, indicativo = poder

    答え

    • Podía estudiar más si tuve el libro.

    解説

  • 5

    I could have studied more, if I had the book.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • COULD HAVE [3/3] (I would have been able to...)
    • imperfecto, subjuntivo = poder

    答え

    • Pudíera estudiar más, si tuve el libro.

    解説

  • 6

    We may arrive today.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • MAY / MIGHT [1/3] (It is possible that we will arrive...)
    • condicional, indicativo = poder

    答え

    • Podríamos llegar hoy.

    解説

  • 7

    We may arrive today.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • MAY / MIGHT [2/3] (It can be that we will arrive...)
    • "poder" (3rd.p, presente, indicativo) + verbo (presente, subjuntivo) *The expression "puede que" is typically followed by the subjunctive.

    答え

    • Puede que lleguemos hoy.

    解説

  • 8

    We may arrive today.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • MAY / MIGHT [3/3] (Perhaps we will arrive...)
    • "Quizás" is often followed by a subjunctive verb, but the future subjunctive is deprecated, so we use the indicative here. We could also potentially use present subjunctive to convey the same idea: "lleguemos." In any case, they are spelled the same; the indicative merely lacks an accent (llegaremos vs. llegáremos)

    答え

    • Quizás llegaremos hoy.

    解説

  • 9

    He must be crazy.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • MUST [1/1]
    • presente, indicativo = deber, deber de

    答え

    • Debe ser loca. Debe de ser loca.

    解説

  • 10

    He should be hired.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • SHOULD / OUGHT TO [1/2]
    • condicional, indicativo = deber

    答え

    • Debería contratarse.

    解説

  • 11

    He should be hired.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • SHOULD / OUGHT TO [2/2]
    • condicional, indicativo = tener que

    答え

    • Tendría que contratarse.

    解説

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