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Exam 1 Questions

カード 58枚 作成者: Katie Olsen (作成日: 2014/12/04)

  • T/F - All energy-yielding nutrients provide the same amount of energy (kcals) per gram of weight.

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教材の説明:

This set is all the questions from Exam 1

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    T/F - All energy-yielding nutrients provide the same amount of energy (kcals) per gram of weight.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false

    解説

  • 2

    If anthropemetric data is collected during a study, then _________ is/are obtained or conducted. Body Measurements (height, weight, head circumference, etc) A Medical History Lab Values (hemoglobin, hematocrit, white blood cell count, etc) A Psychiatric Evaluation A Dietary Analysis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • body measurements (height, weight, head circumference, ect)

    解説

  • 3

    T/F - Only vitamins isolated from natural food sources are organic. Synthetic vitamins (in pill form) are not organic.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false

    解説

  • 4

    The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was established to… To make people aware of what they eat and improve their eating habits Determine our nation's nutritional status and monitor the relationship between diet and disease over time To make nutrition research more accessible to the general public Eradicate disease risk by determining personal dietary recommendations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Determine our nation's nutritional status and monitor the relationship between diet and disease over time

    解説

  • 5

    T/F - Malnutrition is defined as either under-nutrition OR over-nutrition (meaning that it's possible to be overweight and malnourished).

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • true

    解説

  • 6

    T/F - All essential nutrients are also organic.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • False

    解説

  • 7

    Which of the following is/are (an) example(s) of a "nutrient-dense" food? Broccoli Almonds Low-Fat Yogurt Avocados All of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all of the above

    解説

  • 8

    T/F - Daily Values (DVs) are listed on a nutrition label for trans fat, sugars, and protein.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false

    解説

  • 9

    According to the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDR), what percentage of an individual's daily kilocalories should come from lipids (fat)? 45 to 65% 25 to 45% 20 to 35% 10 to 35%

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 20 to 35%

    解説

  • 10

    What two agencies are primarily responsible for updating the Dietary Guidelines every 5 years? Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the United States Department of Ag (USDA) National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the United States Department of Ag (USDA) United States Department of Ag (USDA) and Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • USDA and DHHS

    解説

  • 11

    The area on the food label that provides a list of specific nutrients obtained in one serving of the food is referred to as Nutrition Facts Panel Nutrition Information Panel Nutrient Facts Profile None of The Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nutrition facts panel

    解説

  • 12

    When no Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) is established for a nutrient, which of the following reference values is used as the alternative? UL (Tolerable Upper Intake Level) AI (Adequate Intake) EAR (Estimated Average Requirement) EER (Estimated Energy Requirement)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • adequate intake

    解説

  • 13

    Which sequence of events is in the correct order? Digestion, Transport, Absorption, Elimination Digestion, Elimination, Absorption, Transport Digestion, Absorption, Transport, Elimination Digestion, Absorption, Elimination, Transport

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • digestion, absorption, transport, elimination

    解説

  • 14

    What is the role of a sphincter? It stimulates enzyme production. It regulates the directional flow of gastrointestinal contents. It is a longitudinal muscle that helps segment food. It prevents the movement of food into the trachea.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • it regulates the directional flow of gastrointestinal contents

    解説

  • 15

    What is primarily absorbed in the large intestine? Lipids Vitamins Fiber Water and Electrolytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • water and electrolytes

    解説

  • 16

    The release of bicarbonate by the pancreas to neutralize chyme as it enters the duodenum segment of the small intestine is stimulated by which of the following hormones? Gastrin Secretin Cholecystokinin (CCK) None of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Secretin

    解説

  • 17

    Which one of the following is likely to occur without adequate saliva? Difficulty swallowing (dysphasia) Possible damage to tissue lining the esophagus Inability to taste food All of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • All of the above

    解説

  • 18

    T/F: Bicarbonate ions produced by the salivary glands and pancreas neutralize and provide a favorable pH for enzyme action.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 19

    Choosing a cereal that's fortified instead of one that's non-fortified is an example of a food choice based on Culture, Environment, and Tradition Advertising and Marketing Weight Concerns and Body Image Nutrition and Health Benefits

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nutritional and health benefits

    解説

  • 20

    All of the following are considered credible nutrition information sources EXCEPT Who's Who in Nutrition (WWN) Food & Drug Administration (FDA) American Dietetic Association (ADA) United States Department of Ag (USDA) MyPlate.gov

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Who's Who in Nutrition

    解説

  • 21

    Someone who always eats a super-sized fast food meal for lunch could benefit from implementing all of the following principles & guidelines EXCEPT Variety Availability Moderation Balance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • availability

    解説

  • 22

    Someone who eats a chocolate chip cookie instead of an oatmeal raisin cookie because they like the taste of chocolate is making a food choice based on Habit and Emotional Comfort Taste and Enjoyment Time, Convenience, and Cost Social Reasons and Trends

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • taste and enjoyment

    解説

  • 23

    Among the organs in the GI Tract, this one is the strongest because it has circular, longitudinal, and diagonal muscle layers. Liver Esophagus Stomach Colon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • stomach

    解説

  • 24

    What are the 6 "ABCDMV" principles of healthy eating (discussed in class or one of the Power Points posted on Canvas)? Abundance, B-Vitamins, Calories, Diet Control, Minerals, Vitamins Abundance, Balance, Conservation, Diversity, Moderation, Variety Adequacy, Bone Development, Constant Control, Density, Moderation, Variety Adequacy, Balance, Calorie Control, Nutrient Density, Moderation, Variety

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Adequacy, Balance, Calorie Control, Nutrient Density, Moderation, Variety

    解説

  • 25

    T/F - Malnutrition is defined as either inadequate OR excessive intake of energy and/or nutrients (meaning that it's possible to be overweight but malnourished).

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • true

    解説

  • 26

    T/F: Adequate Intakes (AI) are DRI nutrient recommendations that are used when there is insufficient research to determine an EAR or RDA value.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 27

    One of the 6 principles of healthy eating is Moderation. Many registered dietitians refer to this principle as the "90:10 Rule". Which of the following best describes the 90:10 Rule? It encourages healthy food choices 90% of the time, so that you can enjoy foods like cookies 10% of the time. It suggests that 90% of the people in the United States are overweight, so everyone should take in 10% fewer kcalories. It states that you should check your food 90 times before swallowing and wait 10 seconds in-between bites. It states that all foods that are > 90% fat should be considered unhealthy foods, and can not be included in a healthy eating plan.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • It encourages healthy foods 90% of the time so that you can enjoy foods like cookies 10% of the time.

    解説

  • 28

    The GREEN section of MyPlate resents which food group? Grains Protein Vegetables Dairy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vegetables

    解説

  • 29

    Which of the following is NOT among the top 4 diet-related causes of premature death in the United States? Cancer Diabetes Accidents Heart Disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • accidents

    解説

  • 30

    Absorption occurs primarily in the ______________. Stomach Small Intestine Large Intestine Colon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • small intestine

    解説

  • 31

    Which of the following is NOT one of the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDRs)? 45 - 65% kcals from Carbohydrate Sources 20 - 30% kcals from Vitamin Sources 10 - 35% kcals from Protein Sources 20 - 35% kcals from Fat Sources

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 20-30% kcals from Vitamin Sources

    解説

  • 32

    Which of the following statements is INCORRECT? Bicarbonate is an enzyme that's secreted by the liver to aid in lipid digestion Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) is secreted to prevent bacterial growth & initiate protein digestion Bile is an emulsifier needed for lipid digestion that is produced by the liver Saliva is secreted by salivary glands to moisten food & protect the lining of the esophagus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bicarbonate is an enzyme that's secreted by the liver to aid in lipid digestion

    解説

  • 33

    A(n) ______ is circular muscle that opens and closes to regulate the movement of food particles during digestion. Enzyme Sphincter Valve Tendon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sphincter

    解説

  • 34

    This type of absorption requires energy (ATP) because particles move against the concentration gradient to cross the membrane barrier. Simple Diffusion Transmigration Active Transport Facilitated Diffusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • active transport

    解説

  • 35

    Bile is produced in the _________ and stored in the _________. Liver, Pancreas Gallbladder, Liver Pancreas, Gallbladder Liver, Gallbladder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • liver, gallbladder

    解説

  • 36

    This sphincter is situated between the small intestine and colon. Pyloric Sphincter Cardiac Sphincter Ileocecal Valve Upper Esophageal Sphincter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ileocecal valve

    解説

  • 37

    The following nutrients are listed in this order on a food label: enriched wheat flour (flour, niacin, reduced iron, thiamine mononitrate, riboflavin, folic acid), vegetable shortening, salt, sodium bicarbonate, malted barley flour, yeast. What can you conclude? This product is high in protein This product is organic This product has no trans fat This product is a source of folic acid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • This product is a source of folic acid

    解説

  • 38

    Which of the following statements about enriched foods is/are TRUE? Nutrients are restored back to enriched foods after processing The enrichment nutrients include iron, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and folate Examples include bread, grain, and cereal products All of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all of the above

    解説

  • 39

    The lymphatic system is a circulatory system that… Contains red blood cells and carries water-soluble compounds Carries fat-soluble compounds and eventually enters the blood stream Carries water-soluble compounds and collects in the thoracic duct Contains white blood cells and carries water-soluble compounds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • carries fat-soluble compounds and eventually enters the blood stream

    解説

  • 40

    Which of the following is a primary digestive function of the liver? Stores Bile Produces Digestive Enzymes Produces Bile Produces Bicarbonate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • produces bile

    解説

  • 41

    Which of the following statements is NOT true about the villi in the small intestine? They are covered with tiny hair-like structures called microvilli They increase the surface area available for nutrient absorption Each villi contains a blood vessel and a lymph vessel They produce and secrete bile, which is needed for lipid digestion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • They produce and secrete bile which is needed for lipid digestion

    解説

  • 42

    Which of the following statements about the Dietary Guidelines is INCORRECT? They are revised and published every 5 years to reflect current research They are intended for individuals > 2 years of age They are developed by the FDA (Food & Drug Admin) and NIH (National Institutes of Health) The most current revision was in 2010

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The are developed by the FDA and NIH

    解説

  • 43

    Which of the following options is arranged in the correct order that food travels in the GI tract? Mouth, Pyloric Sphincter, Stomach, Small Intestine, Large Intestine Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Illeum, Duodenum, Jejunum Esophagus, Lower Esophageal Sphincter, Stomach, Pyloric Sphincter, Duodenum Esophagus, Cardiac Sphincter, Appendix, Small Intestine, Colon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • esophagus, lower esophageal sphincter, stomach, pyloric sphincter, duodenum

    解説

  • 44

    These cells secrete mucus to protect the stomach walls from gastric juices. Salivary Glands Goblet Cells Mucosal Cells None of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mucosal cells

    解説

  • 45

    Which of the following nutrient sources yields more than 4 kcals per gram? Fat found in Plant Sources Protein found in Plant Sources Protein found in Animal Sources Carbohydrate found in Plant Sources

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fat found in plant sources

    解説

  • 46

    T/F - The pancreas secretes bicarbonate (to neutralize chyme) and enzymes. Insulin and glucagon (hormones which affect blood glucose & hunger) are also secreted by the pancreas.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • true

    解説

  • 47

    T/F - A double-blind study with a large sample size will produce more scientific results than a blind study with a small sample size.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • true

    解説

  • 48

    T/F - As a general rule, the metric system is used in the field of nutrition.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • true

    解説

  • 49

    T/F - A small flap of skin (called the epiglottis) folds over the trachea to direct food down the esophagus and prevent it from going to the lungs.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • true

    解説

  • 50

    T/F - The illeum is the middle segment of the small intestine and the principle site of digestion in the GI Tract. It is about 8 feet in length.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false

    解説

  • 51

    T/F - The liver is an ancillary organ (located outside of the GI tract) in the upper abdomen. It is the largest organ in the body and produces bile (emulsifier required for fat digestion).

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • true

    解説

  • 52

    In Professor Israelsen’s “Car Analogy” (shared in class), ______ is/are comparable to fuel in a car. Carbohydrates, Protein, Lipids Your Body’s Metabolism Vitamins and Minerals Water

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • your body's metabolism

    解説

  • 53

    If you consumed a total of 2600 kcals (Calories) per day and 15% came from protein, how many KCALS of protein are you consuming? 43 kcals 97..5 kcals 156 kcals 390 kcals None of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 390 kcals

    解説

  • 54

    If you consumed a total of 2200 kcals (Calories) per day and 25% came from fat, how many GRAMS of fat are you consuming? 61 grams 137 grams 550 grams 792 grams None of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 137 grams

    解説

  • 55

    You are trying to decide what kind of sandwich to have for lunch. From your MyDietAnalysis Assignment, you have discovered that your diet is often low in protein. Which of the following would give you the most protein per kcal? Turkey = 31 g Protein (310 kcals) Roast Beef = 27 g Protein (341 kcals) Ham = 24 g Protein (320 kcals) Tuna = 14 g Protein (290 kcals) Tomato = 5 g Protein (234 kcals) Turkey Roast Beef Ham Tuna Tomato

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • turkey

    解説

  • 56

    Suppose you eat a protein bar has a 180 kcals (calories) and 40 grams of protein. What percentage of the total kcals are coming from protein? Now assume that your protein bar is the only thing you eat for the whole day. Would the ratio of protein that you consume fit the AMDR (Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range) recommendation? 22%, No 22%, Yes 88%, No 88%, Yes None of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 88% No

    解説

  • 57

    This hormone ( ______________ ) is stimulated by the presence of acidic chyme in the small intestine and triggers this organ ( ____________ ) to secrete ________________ until chyme is neutralized. Gastrin, Stomach, Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) Secretin, Pancreas, Bicarbonate Cholecystokinin (CCK), Gallbladder, Bile Secretin, Gallbladder, Bile None of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Secretin, Pancreas, bicarbonate

    解説

  • 58

    ompared to every other county in the nation, residents of Cache County have the longest life expectancy (seriously :)). Because of this, the National Institutes of Health awarded a grant to researchers at USU to determine relationships between age and certain lifestyle factors (diet, physical activity, genetics, etc). Since this type of study is retrospective and OBSERVATIONAL (no interventions are being introduced), it would be considered a / an… Pilot Study Clinical Trial Epidemiological Study Experimental Study

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • epidemiological study

    解説

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