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Exam 2 Questions

カード 60枚 作成者: Katie Olsen (作成日: 2014/12/03)

  • Carbohydrates can be converted into glycogen for short-term energy storage in the liver and muscle cells. When the capacity for glycogen storage is reached, excess glucose is converted to in the process of lipogenesis.
    Fatty Acids
    Amino Acids
    Starch
    None of The Above

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教材の説明:

This set is all the questions from Exam 2.

公開範囲:

公開

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Carbohydrates can be converted into glycogen for short-term energy storage in the liver and muscle cells. When the capacity for glycogen storage is reached, excess glucose is converted to ________ in the process of lipogenesis. Fatty Acids Amino Acids Starch None of The Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fatty acids

    解説

  • 2

    Which of the following hormones INCREASES blood glucose levels? Glucagon Epinephrine Insulin A and B

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A and B

    解説

  • 3

    The majority of carbohydrate digestion occurs in the Mouth Stomach Small Intestine Colon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • small intestine

    解説

  • 4

    Which of the following food items would have the least amount of lactose? Whole Milk Skim Milk Cheese Ice Cream

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cheese

    解説

  • 5

    Once absorbed, all monosaccharides are converted to ________ by the liver: Glucose Fructose Galactose Maltose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • glucose

    解説

  • 6

    The storage form of carbohydrate in animals (and humans) is Glycogen Glucose Starch Polysaccharide

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • glycogen

    解説

  • 7

    The majority of fat digestion occurs in the Mouth Stomach Small Intestine Large Intestine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • small intestine

    解説

  • 8

    Most dietary lipids (95%) are in the form of Triglycerides Phospholipids Sterols Lipoproteins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • triglycerides

    解説

  • 9

    Which of the following statements about fatty acids is TRUE? They are organic They contain a methyl and a carboxyl group They are the most energy-dense nutrient (contain the most kcals per gram) All of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • All of the above

    解説

  • 10

    True/False: The higher the concentration of lipids in a lipoprotein, the greater the density.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false

    解説

  • 11

    High levels of LDL cholesterol in the blood are associated with increased risk of Kidney Disease Osteoporosis Heart Disease Gallbladder Disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • heart disease

    解説

  • 12

    True/False: Lipoprotein lipase is an enzyme on the surface of cells that hydrolyzes (breaks down) fats transported via the lipoproteins.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • true

    解説

  • 13

    The nitrogen-containing part of an amino acid is referred to as the ________ group. Amine Carboxyl Methyl None of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • amine

    解説

  • 14

    Essential amino acids Must be provided by the diet because they cannot be synthesized in the body Do not need to be provided in the diet because they can be synthesized by the body Are unlike nonessential amino acids because they are the only ones needed by the body Can be synthesized by the body, EXCEPT in times of illness, when they must be consumed in the diet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Must be provided by the diet because they cannot be synthesized in the body

    解説

  • 15

    Proteins are made of which of the following atoms? Carbon And Hydrogen Carbon, Hydrogen, And Oxygen Hydrogen And Oxygen Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, And Nitrogen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen

    解説

  • 16

    Complementary proteins Create a complete protein when eaten together (i.e. beans and rice) Are two proteins that contain the same essential amino acid profiles Are two proteins that contain different nonessential amino acid profiles None of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • create a complete protein when eaten together (beans and rice)

    解説

  • 17

    Malnutrition that results from a severe deficiency in dietary protein but provides sufficient kilocalories is referred to as… Starvation Marasmus Kwashiorkor Wasting Muscle Disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Kwashiorkor

    解説

  • 18

    When a protein is exposed to acid, heat, or salts, and "unfolds", this is called… Chemical Rearrangement Deamination Titration Denaturation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Denaturation

    解説

  • 19

    Which hormone does NOT stimulate lipolysis (the breakdown of fat)? Insulin Glucagon Epinephrine A and C

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • insulin

    解説

  • 20

    Factors that influence the absorption and metabolism of alcohol include Gender Age Body Weight All of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all of the above

    解説

  • 21

    True/False: Compared to males, females have about 30 percent less ADH (alcohol dehydrogenase – the enzyme that metabolizes alcohol). They also have a lower body mass (typically) – both reasons why women tend to “get drunker faster”.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • true

    解説

  • 22

    True/False: The liver plays a central role in metabolism.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • true

    解説

  • 23

    Which of the following groups of individuals need to abstain from alcohol in order to avoid its adverse effects? Pregnant and lactating women Women of childbearing age who may become pregnant Those who engage in specific activities that require special skills or coordination All of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all of the above

    解説

  • 24

    Which of the following cellular organelles is the site of aerobic metabolism (and sometimes referred to as the "powerhouse" of a cell)? Ribosome Plasma Membrane Mitochondria Cytosol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mitochondria

    解説

  • 25

    Which of the following is NOT classified as a complex carbohydrate? Maltose Fiber Starch Glycogen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • maltose

    解説

  • 26

    In the body, fat is needed for… Energy Insulation Cell Membranes All of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all of the above

    解説

  • 27

    A person who is growing or pregnant would be expected to be in a state of __________. Nitrogen Balance (or Equilibrium) Positive Nitrogen Balance Negative Nitrogen Balance Exogenous Nitrogen Balance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • positive nitrogen balance

    解説

  • 28

    Lactose is a disaccharide in milk that's composed of what two monosaccharides? Glucose and Glucose Glucose and Galactose Glucose and Fructose Fructose and Fructose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • glucose and galactose

    解説

  • 29

    What element is found in proteins but NOT in carbohydrates or lipids? Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen Nitrogen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nitrogen

    解説

  • 30

    Which of the following would have the LEAST amount of protein? Baby Carrots Egg Whites Legumes Low-Fat Milk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • baby carrots

    解説

  • 31

    Which of the following functions as an emulsifier in the body and is required for cell membrane structure? Fatty Acids Triglycerides Phospholipids Sterols All of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • phospholipids

    解説

  • 32

    Adequate fiber consumption Stimulates Appetite Helps Lower Blood Cholesterol Promotes Bowel Regularity Both A and C Both B and C

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • both B and C

    解説

  • 33

    The majority of carbohydrate digestion takes place in the… Mouth Stomach Small Intestine Large Intestine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • small intestine

    解説

  • 34

    Which of the following foods would contain the LEAST amount of dietary fiber? Mixed Nuts Legumes Pudding Raw Apples

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pudding

    解説

  • 35

    Which of the following is/are (a) symptom(s) of Marasmus? Weakness Muscle Wasting Poor Growth Impaired Cognition All of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all of the above

    解説

  • 36

    True/False: Collagen is used to make tendons and scar tissue and is an example of a structural protein.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • true

    解説

  • 37

    The reaction in plants where light energy is harnessed to yield carbohydrate and oxygen (Light Energy + 6 CO2 + 6 H20 --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2) is called… Glycolysis Phosphorylation Gluconeogenesis Photosynthesis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • photosynthesis

    解説

  • 38

    Which of the following statements about trans-fat is NOT true? It is formed during a process called hydrogenation. It is found in deep-fried foods, shortening, pastries, and snack chips. Food manufactures are NOT required to list trans-fat information on a Nutrition Facts Label.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Food manufactures are not required to list trans-fat info on a nutrition facts label

    解説

  • 39

    Lipoproteins and hemoglobin are examples of… Hormones Enzymes Antibodies Transporters

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • transporters

    解説

  • 40

    Histadine, Isoleucine, and Lysine are all… Non-Essential Amino Acids Essential Amino Acids Found in Animal Products (except Gelatin) Both A and C Both B and C

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Both B and C

    解説

  • 41

    Which of the following is NOT a complete protein source? Tuna Fish Apples Soy Milk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Apples

    解説

  • 42

    Which of the following is the correct chemical notation for a MONOSACCHARIDE? C6H12O6 C12H24O12 3(C6H12O6) C3H6O3

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • C6H12O6

    解説

  • 43

    Someone who includes meat and animal products in their diet - as well as plant-based foods is a… Lacto-Ovo Vegetarian Flexitarian Vegan Lacto-Vegetarian Omnivore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Omnivore

    解説

  • 44

    Which of the following is a condition caused by protein-energy malnutrition and characterized by edema and swelling, a distended abdomen, infections, poor wound healing, and color changes in their skin and hair? Cystic Fibrosis Kwashiorkor Marasmus Failure to Thrive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Kwashiorkor

    解説

  • 45

    Someone who includes milk and eggs in their diet, but avoids meat products is a… Lacto-Ovo Vegetarian Semi-Vegetarian or Flexitarian Vegan Lacto-Vegetarian Omnivore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lacto-Ovo Vegetarian

    解説

  • 46

    Glycogen is stored in Brain and Nervous Tissue Pancreas and Kidney Muscle Cells and Liver Bone Marrow and Fat Cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • muscle cells and liver

    解説

  • 47

    True/False: To link two monosaccharides together, a CONDENSATION reaction occurs and water (H20) is ADDED.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • False

    解説

  • 48

    Which of the following statements is/are TRUE about dietary cholesterol? It is found in both animal products and plant products It tends to raise dietary blood cholesterol MORE than saturated fats Excessive intake increases the risk of atherosclerosis and heart disease B and C are both Correct. A, B, C, and D are all False Statements

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Excessive intake increases the risk of atherosclerosis and heart disease

    解説

  • 49

    This hormone is required for for glucose to enter body cells. It also transports excess carbohydrate back to the liver where it is either converted to glycogen or stored as fat. Glucagon Epinephrine Insulin Estrogen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • insulin

    解説

  • 50

    Which of the following statements about diabetes is CORRECT? In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin People with Type 2 diabetes usually require insulin therapy (shots everyday) Diabetes is always caused from consuming too much sugar In Type 1 diabetes, body cells are resistant to insulin (don't respond)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In type 1 Diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin

    解説

  • 51

    Someone who includes milk in their diet, but omits eggs and meat products is a… Lacto-Ovo Vegetarian Flexitarian Vegan Lacto-Vegetarian Omnivore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lacto-vegetarian

    解説

  • 52

    The daily recommendation for dietary fiber is ____. However, excessive consumption can cause abdominal distress or intestinal blockage and displace other nutrients, so the upper limit for fiber is set at ____ per day. 20 - 35 grams, 40 grams 40 - 50 grams, 100 grams 10 - 20 grams, 50 grams 75 - 100 grams, 200 grams

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 20-35 grams, 40 grams

    解説

  • 53

    If someone weighed 100 KILOGRAMS, what would their daily protein needs be (based on weight)? About 50 grams About 80 grams About 100 grams About 120 grams

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • about 80 grams

    解説

  • 54

    Regarding protein synthesis, _____ retrieves specific free amino acids in cytoplasm of cell and delivers to ribosomes along the mRNA strand. Transcription (in Nucleus) Translation (in Cytoplasm) Ribosome m-RNA Strand t-RNA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • t-RNA

    解説

  • 55

    True/False: Because the body constantly needs energy, metabolism never stops.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 56

    True/False: Fatty acids can be converted into glucose (via gluconeogenesis) and amino acids (via transamination)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false

    解説

  • 57

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • triglyceride

    解説

  • 58

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cholesterol (a sterol)

    解説

  • 59

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • polyunsaturated fatty acid

    解説

  • 60

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • monounsaturated fatty acid

    解説

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