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Exam 3 Questions

カード 61枚 作成者: Katie Olsen (作成日: 2014/12/02)

  • In general, B vitamins function as & are needed for metabolism & energy production.
    Coenzymes
    Enzymes
    Oxidants
    Metabolites

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教材の説明:

These are all the questions from Exam 3

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  • カード表 : 英語
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  • 1

    In general, B vitamins function as & are needed for metabolism & energy production. Coenzymes Enzymes Oxidants Metabolites

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coenzymes

    解説

  • 2

    What is required in order to convert 7-dehydrocholesterol to pre-calciferol (precursor to vitamin D) in the body? Consumption of Foods Rich in Vitamin D Bile UV Light from the Sun Darkness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • UV Light from the sun

    解説

  • 3

    Which of the following vitamins would be absent in a vegan diet? B12 Biotin B6 Niacin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • B12

    解説

  • 4

    True/False: If necessary, the amino acid tryptophan can be converted to niacin.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 5

    Which of the following represent a significant source of vitamin E in the diet? Green Leafy Vegetables Meat and Poultry Milk and Cheese Vegetable Oils

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Vegetable Oils

    解説

  • 6

    Which of the following are examples of B vitamins? Thiamin Biotin Niacin Riboflavin All of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • All of the Above

    解説

  • 7

    Factors that determine the distribution of water in the body include all of the following EXCEPT Height Age Gender Body Composition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Height

    解説

  • 8

    True/False: Electrolytes help maintain water balance in the various cellular compartments.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 9

    True/False: Blood volume is the key element that affects blood pressure.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 10

    Which of the following organs is most involved in the regulation of body fluid and blood volume? Liver Bladder Lungs Kidneys

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Kidneys

    解説

  • 11

    Extracellular fluid contains more ________ than intracellular fluid. Sodium Potassium Proteins Organic Acids

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sodium

    解説

  • 12

    What effect do diuretics have on the body? They contribute to water gain They contribute to water loss They help produce more metabolic water They stimulate the brain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • They contribute to water loss

    解説

  • 13

    Which of the following would be the best source of iron? Broccoli Casserole Whole-Wheat Bread Hamburger Watermelon Slices

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Hamburger

    解説

  • 14

    At what age is peak bone mass usually achieved? Teenage Years 20s to 30s 30s to 40s 40s to 50s

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 20s to 30s

    解説

  • 15

    All of the following statements regarding iron are true EXCEPT: The accidental consumption of supplements containing iron is a leading cause of poisoning deaths in children in the United States. High doses of iron can cause symptoms of gastrointestinal distress. The adult RDA for iron is higher for men than for women Cooking food in iron pots and pans can increase the food's iron content.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The adult RDA for iron is higher for men than for women

    解説

  • 16

    What is the function of the hormone calcitonin? It pulls calcium from bones to increase blood calcium concentration It lowers blood calcium concentration by stimulating uptake of calcium into bones It increases the amount of calcium absorbed through the small intestine A and C B and C

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • It lowers blood calium concentration by stimulating uptake of calcium into bones

    解説

  • 17

    The goal of the DASH diet is to Reduce Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Reduce Obesity Increase Bone Density Increase Metabolism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Reduce hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

    解説

  • 18

    Which of the following increases the absorption of calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium? Phytates Vitamin C Vitamin D None of The Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Vitamin D

    解説

  • 19

    True/False: The process of pasteurization (destroying pathogenic bacteria with heat) is intended only for milk and dairy products only.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • False

    解説

  • 20

    Which of the following is/are (a) good way(s) to sanitize or clean a sponge used in the kitchen? Microwave for 1 minute Soak in Bleach or Soap Solution Wash in Dishwasher (Dry Cycle) Wash in Washing Machine (Hot Cycle) All of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • All of the Above

    解説

  • 21

    True/False: Bacteria are destroyed when foods are cooked properly. Freezing foods also destroys harmful bacteria.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • False

    解説

  • 22

    True/False: Pregnant women are 20 times more likely to be infected by Listeria monocytogenes and the organism can also cause harm to the unborn child.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 23

    To ensure that all possible foodborne organisms are killed in hamburger meat, the temperature of the meat must reach 140 degrees F 150 degrees F 155 degrees F 160 degrees F

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 160 degree F

    解説

  • 24

    True/False: Color is the best and most reliable indicator for determining the safety of meat.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • False

    解説

  • 25

    This water-soluble vitamin is widely distributed in foods but destroyed by freezing. A deficiency is associated with Burning Foot Syndrome. Pantothenic Acid Vitamin E Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Vitamin A

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pantothenic Acid

    解説

  • 26

    A deficiency of this fat-soluble vitamin results in xerophthalmia (irreversible blindness) Pantothenic Acid Vitamin E Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Vitamin A

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Vitamin A

    解説

  • 27

    This fat-soluble vitamin can be synthesized in the GI tract Pantothenic Acid Vitamin E Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Vitamin A

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Vitamin K

    解説

  • 28

    True/False: Fluorosis (permanent pitting and discoloration of teeth) can result from brushing your teeth with too much fluoridated toothpaste (topical application only).

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • False

    解説

  • 29

    Which of the following minerals is associated with taste acuity (taste perception) and normal growth and development? Iron Flouride Iodine Zinc

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Zinc

    解説

  • 30

    If some friends stop by your house unexpectedly and you leave your leftovers from dinner on the table for a little while, how soon do they need to be packaged and returned to the fridge? Within 2 hours of being prepared or reheated Within 2 hours after you've finished your meal Up to 4 hours - if you have a good refrigerator Until they start to look funny or smell bad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Within 2 hours of being prepared or reheated

    解説

  • 31

    dehydration in older adults compared to younger adults is… Higher Lower Equal There is no risk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • higher

    解説

  • 32

    Riboflavin is easily destroyed by… Freezing & Canning Exposure to UV Light Microwave Heating Exposure to Oxygen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Exposure to UV light

    解説

  • 33

    Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea, and death are all classic symptoms of a… Niacin Toxicity Niacin Deficiency Riboflavin Toxicity Thiamin Deficiency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Niacin deficiency

    解説

  • 34

    The temperature danger zone for potentially hazardous foods is between… 40ºF and 140ºF 60ºF and 150ºF 60ºF and 120ºF 70ºF and 100ºF

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 40 F and 140 F

    解説

  • 35

    For dessert one night, you decide to have cake and strawberries - but you discover that 2 of the strawberries in the container are spoiled. You should… Throw away the 2 spoiled strawberries and use the rest Throw away all of the strawberries that were surrounding the 2 that were spoiled Throw away all of the strawberries and choose something else for dessert Eat the 2 spoiled strawberries and feed the "good ones" to your family

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Throw away all of the strawberries and choose something else for dessert

    解説

  • 36

    In the body, Vitamin A plays important roles in all of the following EXCEPT… Vision Growth & Reproduction Maintenance of Epithelial Tissue Muscle Contraction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Muscle contraction

    解説

  • 37

    Scurvy develops with ________ (excessive or inadequate) intake of ______ and is characterized by ____________. Excessive / Vitamin C / Bleeding gums, pinpoint hemorrhages, bruises, and hysteria Excessive / Vitamin C / Poor wound healing, loose teeth, anemia, infections, internal bleeding Inadequate / Vitamin C / Bleeding gums, pinpoint hemorrhages, bruises, and slow wound healing Inadequate / Vitamin E / Poor wound healing, loose teeth, anemia, infections, internal bleeding

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Inadequate/Vitamin C/Bleeding gums, pinpoint hemorrhages, bruises, and slow wound healing

    解説

  • 38

    This mineral is required for bone mineralization and nerve transmission. Food sources include nuts, legumes, whole grains, and dark green vegetables. Magnesium Sodium Sulfur Potassium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Magnesium

    解説

  • 39

    Which of the following statements is INCORRECT? Vitamins differ from macronutrients in chemical structure, function, and amount required Both water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins are stored in appreciable amounts in the body Bioavailability refers to the amount of nutrient absorption and the degree of utilization A coenzyme is a compound that is required to activate an enzyme for a chemical reaction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Both water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins are stored in appreciable amounts in the body

    解説

  • 40

    True/False: In most cases, bottled water (in the United States) is NOT superior to tap water in terms of nutrient composition and safety.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 41

    Good food sources of Vitamin A include Oatmeal, Pinto Beans, Sour Cream, and Ham Apricots, Pumpkins, Spinach, Sweet Potatoes Whole-Wheat Bread, Green Peas, and Tuna Corn, Grapefruit Juice, and Sunflower Seeds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Apricots, pumpkins, spinach, sweet potatoes

    解説

  • 42

    Suppose you go to donate blood and the technician suspects low iron status. Which of the following questions regarding symptoms would NOT need to be asked to help verify this assumption? Have you experienced weakness, exhaustion, and fatigue? Have you noticed unusual paleness or light-headedness? Have you had more headaches or dizziness recently? Any recent nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea? Do you tend to feel cold or have difficulty controlling body temperature (compared to other people)?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Any recent nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea?

    解説

  • 43

    What happens when blood calcium levels start to RISE? Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is stimulated Calcium absorption from intestines increases A hormone called calcitonin is triggered There is less calcium lost in the urine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A hormone called calcitonin is triggered

    解説

  • 44

    A female friend of yours (who is 26-years-old) is a non-smoker and non-vegetarian but her hematocrit values are low and she can't donate blood. She asks you how much iron she needs per day AND what the best food sources of iron are. What would you tell her (assuming you were authorized to do so)? 8 mg / day, Meat, Fish, Poultry, Legumes, Breakfast Cereals, Dark Green Vegetables 8 mg / day, Meat, Dairy Products, Deep Orange Vegetables, Most Fresh Fruits 18 mg / day, Meat, Fish, Poultry, Legumes, Breakfast Cereals, Dark Green Vegetables 18 mg / day, Meat, Dairy Products, Deep Orange Vegetables, Most Fresh Fruits

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 18 mg / day, Meat, Fish, Poultry, Legumes, Breakfast Cereals, Dark Green Vegetables

    解説

  • 45

    Which of the following statements is TRUE? Canned tomatoes can be stored in your pantry for several years. The temperature in your refrigerator should be between 38ºF and 40ºF. Cracked eggs should always be used before eggs that aren't cracked. Dairy products need to be pasteurized, but fruit juices don't.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The temp in your fridge should be between 38 F and 40 F

    解説

  • 46

    Which of the following minerals has/have an ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE effect on blood pressure (lowers blood pressure)? Potassium Phosphorus Calcium Both A and C A, B, and C

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Both A and C

    解説

  • 47

    A goiter may develop as a result of… Iron Deficiency Iodine Deficiency Iodine Toxicity Both B and C

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Both B and C

    解説

  • 48

    Five standard nutrients are added to enriched foods after processing. They include Thiamin, Niacin, Pantothenic Acid, Folate, and Iron Thiamin, Vitamin B6, Ribofloavin, Folate, and Calcium Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Folate, and Iron Thiamin, Vitamin B12, Riboflavin, Folate, and Calcium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Folate, and Iron

    解説

  • 49

    The DASH diet consists of fresh fruits and vegetables and low-fat dairy products. It is often recommended for individuals who have ________________. Heart Disease Cancer Diabetes Hypertension Any of the Above

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Hypertension

    解説

  • 50

    Hyponatremia is a condition that can result from... Inadequate intake of sodium Too much water or fluid Inadequate intake of calcium Answers A and B Answers B and C

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Answers A and B

    解説

  • 51

    If you consume a variety of foods, eat 3 meals a day, and include 3 servings of low-fat dairy products per day (as the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend), how many milligrams of calcium would you be getting (approximently)? If you were 24-years-old, would this amount be enough to meet your calcium needs? ~ 900 mg/day, No ~ 1200 mg/day, No ~ 900 mg/day, Yes ~ 1200 mg/day, Yes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1200 mg/day, Yes

    解説

  • 52

    Accutaine is a medication used to treat severe acne. Side effects include blurred vision, dry mucous membranes, and skin irritation with sun exposure. Accutaine may also cause severe birth defects if taken while pregnant. It is a derivative (similar in chemical structure) of which of the following? Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin A Vitamin C

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Vitamin A

    解説

  • 53

    Leftovers should be thrown away instead of being eaten after how many days in the refrigerator? 1 Days 2 Days 4 Days 7 Days

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4 days

    解説

  • 54

    Iron from which of the following food sources is absorbed BEST? Milk Meat Supplements Beans

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • meat

    解説

  • 55

    Which of the following is the most important kitchen tool to prevent foodborne illness in your own home? Multiple Cutting Boards Hand Sanitizer A Food Thermometer A Good Knife

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A Food Thermometer

    解説

  • 56

    Iron needs for pre-menopausal women are ___ mg per day. For post-menopausal women, it's ___ mg per day. For men, it's ___ mg per day. 8, 8, 18 18, 8, 8 18, 18, 8 18, 8, 18

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 18,8,8

    解説

  • 57

    True/False: It is generally safe to eat food a day or two after the sell by date.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 58

    Which of the following is not destroyed by heat, light, or air? Calcium Vitamin B12 Riboflavin Vitamin E

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Calcium

    解説

  • 59

    Vegans are at risk for a deficiency of this vitamin because it is only found in animal products. Pantothenic Acid Vitamin E Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Vitamin A

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Vitamin B12

    解説

  • 60

    Nutrients + Recommendations Folate 400 mcg Vitamin C (Female) 75 mg Calcium (Teen) 1300 mg

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • memorize front

    解説

  • 61

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • memorize front

    解説

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