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Spanish Chapter 19 Extra Vocab

カード 57枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • isolationism

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  • 1

    isolationism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a national policy of avoiding participation in foreign affairs

    解説

  • 2

    engagement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • policy implemented during the clinton administration that the united states would remain actively involved in foreign affaires

    解説

  • 3

    Barbary Wars

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Conflicts the United States fought in the early eighteenth century with North African states against their piracy

    解説

  • 4

    north american free trade agreement (NAFTA)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • agreement that promotes free movement of goods and services among canada, mexico, and the united states

    解説

  • 5

    central intelligence agency (CIA)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • executive agency responsible for collection and analysis of information and intelligence about foreign countries and events

    解説

  • 6

    collective security

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the concept that peace would be secured if all countries collectively opposed any country that invaded another

    解説

  • 7

    marshall plan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • european recovery program, named after secretary of state george c. marshall, of extensive U.S aid to western europe after WWII

    解説

  • 8

    pearl harbor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • navel base in Hawaii attacked by japan on December 7, 1945 initiating U.S entry into WWII

    解説

  • 9

    Washington's Farewell Address

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Washington's 1796 final address as president in which he declared that the United States should avoid becoming involved in foreign alliances

    解説

  • 10

    military-industrial complex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the grouping of the U.S armed forces and defence industries

    解説

  • 11

    world bank

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • international governmental organization created shortly before the end of WWII to provide loans for large economic development projects

    解説

  • 12

    international monetary fund ( IMF)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • international governmental organization created shortly before the end of WWII to stabalize international financial relations through fixed monetary exchange rates

    解説

  • 13

    containment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • strategy to oppose expansion of soviet power, particularly in western europe and east asia, with military power, economic assistance, and political influence

    解説

  • 14

    international governmental organization ( IGO)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • organization created by the governments of at least two and often many countries that operates internationally with the objectives of achieving the purpose that the member countries agree upon

    解説

  • 15

    department of defense

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • chief executive branch department responsible for formulation and implementation of U.S military policy

    解説

  • 16

    weapons of mass destruction (WMDs)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • biological, chemical and nuclear weapons, which present a sizeable threat to U.S security

    解説

  • 17

    detente

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the relaxation of tensions between the united states and the soviet union that occurred during the in 1970s

    解説

  • 18

    league of nations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • created in the peace treaty that ended WWI , it was an international governmental organization dedicated to preserving peace

    解説

  • 19

    enlargement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • policy implemented during the clinton administration that the united states would actively promote the expansion of democracy and free markets throughout the world

    解説

  • 20

    impressment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The British practice in the early eighteenth century of stopping ships at sea to seize sailors suspected of having deserted the Royal Navy

    解説

  • 21

    world trade organization (WTO)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • international government organization created in 1995 that manages multilateral negotiations to reduce barriers to trade and settle disputes

    解説

  • 22

    taliban

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fundamentalist islamic government of afghanistan that provided terrorist training bases for al-qaeda

    解説

  • 23

    human rights

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the belief that human beings have inalienable rights such as freedom of speech and freedom of religion

    解説

  • 24

    Kyoto Conference on Global Climate Change

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1997 international conference to develop agreements to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming

    解説

  • 25

    cuban missile crisis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the 1962 confrontation that nearly escalated into war between the united states and the soviet union over soviet deployement of medium range ballistic missiles in cuba

    解説

  • 26

    Carter Doctrine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Policy announced after the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan that the Persion Gulf area was vital to US. interest and that the United States would fight to maintain access to it

    解説

  • 27

    tariffs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • taxes on imports used to raise government revenue and to protect infant industries

    解説

  • 28

    north american treaty organization (NATO)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the first peacetime military treaty the united states joined, NATO, is a regional political and military organization created in 1950

    解説

  • 29

    pragmatism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the policy of taking advantage of a situation for national gain

    解説

  • 30

    War of 1812

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fought between the United States and Great Britain over impressment and U.S. territorial designes on Canada

    解説

  • 31

    reagon doctrine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • policy that the united states would provide military assistance to anti-communist groups fighting against the pro-soviet governments

    解説

  • 32

    al- qaeda

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • worldwide terrorist organization led by osama bin laden; responsible for numerous terrorist attacks against U.S interests, including 9/11

    解説

  • 33

    General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Devised shortly after World War II as an interim agreement until a World Trade Organization could be created to help lower tariffs and increase trade

    解説

  • 34

    bretton woods agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • international finanical agreement signed shortly before the end of WWII that created the world bank and the international monetary fund

    解説

  • 35

    Vietnam War

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Between 1965 and 1973, the united States deployed up to 500,000 troops to Vietnam to try to prevent North Vietnam from taking over South Vietnam; the effort failed and was extremely diverse within the united States

    解説

  • 36

    Strategic Offensive Arms Reduction Treaty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2002 U.S.-Russian treaty that reduced the number of nuclear warheads in each side's arsenals respectively to about 1,700 and 2,200 the lowest total in decades

    解説

  • 37

    Roosevelt corollary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • concept developed by president Theodore Roosevelt early in the 20th century that it was the U.S responsibility to assure stability in Latin america and the Caribbean

    解説

  • 38

    war on terrorism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • initated by george w. bush after 9/11 attacks to weed out terrorist operatives throughout the world, using diplomacy, military means, improved homeland security, stricter banking laws and other means

    解説

  • 39

    nongovernmental organization (NGO)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an organization that is not tied to a government

    解説

  • 40

    Monroe doctrine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • president James Monroe's 1823 pledge that the united states would oppose attempts by European states to extend their political control into the western hemisphere

    解説

  • 41

    truman doctrine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • U.S policy initiated in1947 of providing economic assistance and military aid to countries fighting against communist revolutions or political pressure

    解説

  • 42

    national security council (NSC)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • executive agency responsible for advising the president about foreign and defense policy and events

    解説

  • 43

    unilateralism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a national policy of acting without consulting others

    解説

  • 44

    moralism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the policy of emphasizing morality in foreign affairs

    解説

  • 45

    Spanish-American War

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Brief 1898war against Spain because of Spanish brutality in Cuba and the U.S. desire to attain overseas territory

    解説

  • 46

    manifest destiny

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • theory that the united states was divinely mandated to expand across north america to the pacific ocean

    解説

  • 47

    embargo act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Passed by congress in 1807 to prevent U.S ships from leaving U.S ports for foreign ports without the approval of the federal government

    解説

  • 48

    Nixon Doctrine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The policy implemented at the end of the Vietnam war that the United Stated would provide arms and military equipment to countries but not do the fighting for them

    解説

  • 49

    department of state

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • chief executive branch department responsible for formulation and implementation of U.S foreign policy

    解説

  • 50

    Iranian hostage crisis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Crisis during the Carter administration when Iranian students with support of the Iranian government took over the US. embassy in Tehran, holding all the personnel hostage

    解説

  • 51

    united nations (UN)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an international governmental organization created shortly before the end of WWII to guarantee the security of nations and to promote global, economic, physical, and social well-being

    解説

  • 52

    department of homeland security

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cabinet department created after the 9/11 attacks to coordinate domestic U.S security efforts against terrorism

    解説

  • 53

    grand strategy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The choices a government makes to balance and apply economic, military, diplomatic, and other resources to preserve the nation's people territory, and values

    解説

  • 54

    information warfare

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Attacks against information and communication systems, which present a sizable threat to U.S. security

    解説

  • 55

    war powers act

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • passed by congress in 1973, the president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a sixty day period in peacetime( which can be extended for an extra thirty days to permit withdrawl) unless congress expliclty gives its approval for a longer period

    解説

  • 56

    Operation Desert Storm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The 1991 American-led attack against Iraq to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait

    解説

  • 57

    multilateralism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the U.S foreign policy that actions should be taken in cooperation with other states after consultation

    解説

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