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Spanish Chapter 18 Extra Vocab

カード 16枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • business cycles

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  • 1

    business cycles

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fluctuations between expansion and recession that are a part of modern capitalist economies

    解説

  • 2

    laissez-faire

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a French term meaning " to allow to do, to leave alone." It is a hands-off governmental policy that is based on the belief that government involvement in the economy is wrong

    解説

  • 3

    gross domestic product

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The total market value of all goods and services produced in a country during a year

    解説

  • 4

    money

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a system of exchange for goods and services that includes currency, coins, and back deposits

    解説

  • 5

    fiscal policy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Federal government policies on taxes, spending, and debt management, intended to promote the nation's macroeconomic goals, particularly with respect to employment, price stability, and growth

    解説

  • 6

    economic regulation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • government regulation of business practices, industry rates, routes, or areas serviced by particular industries

    解説

  • 7

    open market operations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the buying and selling of government securities by the Federal Reserve Bank in the securities market.

    解説

  • 8

    inflation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a rise in the general price levels an economy

    解説

  • 9

    monetary policy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A form of government regulation in which the nation's money supply and interest rates are controlled

    解説

  • 10

    economic stability

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a situation in which there is economic growth, rising national income, high employment, and steadiness in the general level of prices

    解説

  • 11

    Federal Reserve Board

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A seven-member board that sets member banks' reserve requirements, controls the discount rate, and makes other economic decisions

    解説

  • 12

    recession

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a short-term decline in the economy that occurs as investment sags, production falls off, and unemployment increases

    解説

  • 13

    reserve requirements

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Government requirements that a portion of member banks' deposits must be retained to back loans made.

    解説

  • 14

    social regulation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Government regulation of the quality and safety of products as well as the conditions under which goods and services are produced

    解説

  • 15

    interventionist state

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • alternative to a laissez-faire state, the gov't takes an active role in guiding and managing the private economy

    解説

  • 16

    discount rate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the rate of interest at which member banks can borrow money from their regional Federal Reserve Bank

    解説

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