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AP English III / Falkner - Poetic Elements

カード 45枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • allegory

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  • 1

    allegory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tale in prose or verse in which characters, actions or settings represent abstract ideas or moral qualities

    解説

  • 2

    diction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • choice of words

    解説

  • 3

    dramatic irony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • speaker's views and ideas are different from those of the author

    解説

  • 4

    metaphor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things, which are basically dissimilar ("life is a dream")

    解説

  • 5

    english sonnet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Three quatrains each with its own rhyme schemes ABAB CDCD EFEF GG(<--ex)

    解説

  • 6

    meter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the pattern of accented and accented syllables in a line of verse

    解説

  • 7

    euphony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • using smooth and pleasant sounds

    解説

  • 8

    sonnet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fourteen line poem - usually in iambic pentameter

    解説

  • 9

    imagist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • poem which consists entirely of concise, speciific images - bits of information about the world registered by the senses

    解説

  • 10

    connotation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • what is implied in a word or suggested by it beyond its recognized simple meaning

    解説

  • 11

    petrarchan (Italian) sonnet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ABBA ABBA CDE DCE / CDE CDE / CDC CDC

    解説

  • 12

    hyperbole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a figure of speech using exaggeration or overstatement, for special effect

    解説

  • 13

    elegy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a lyric poem noted for its formality in tone and diction, usually written in response to a death or to contemplation of a tragedy. traditionally, it moves from grief to lament to consolation

    解説

  • 14

    blank verse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • not so much a kind of poem, but more of a way poetry is written. it is composed of a series of unrhymed lines in iambic pentameter

    解説

  • 15

    verbal irony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the speaker's meaning and intent are the opposite of what's said

    解説

  • 16

    synecdoche

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a figure of speech in which a part of a thing is used to stand for or suggest the whole ("Faces" for people)

    解説

  • 17

    free verse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • much like blank verse in that is isn't a kind of poem. it is defined by lines in a poem that have no specific metrical or rhythmical patters. most of the poems in the anthology are free verse, as are man contemporary poems

    解説

  • 18

    assonance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the repetition of similar vowel sounds, especially in poetry

    解説

  • 19

    cliche

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • commonly used phrases, images, etc. that are no longer considered "fresh"; try to avoid these

    解説

  • 20

    symbol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • any object, person, place or action that has a meaning in itself and that also stands for something larger than itself, such as a quality, belief, or value

    解説

  • 21

    situational irony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • events turn out to be different from or opposite from what is expected

    解説

  • 22

    imagery

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "note the difference between concrete and abstract words or phrases that create pictures or images in the reader's mind. appeals to the senses"

    解説

  • 23

    alliteration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the repetition of similar sounds, usually consonants, in a group of words

    解説

  • 24

    theme

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the main idea or concept around which a poem develops

    解説

  • 25

    haiku

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5 syllables 7 syllables 5 syllables

    解説

  • 26

    end stop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the ending of a line with puncuation

    解説

  • 27

    allusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a reference to a person, a place, an event, or a literary work that the writer expects the reader to recognize

    解説

  • 28

    enjambment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the running on of one line to the other without stopping for punctuation

    解説

  • 29

    juxtaposition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the placement of words, phrases, or ideas next to each other for a specific effect such as humor, surprise, or irony

    解説

  • 30

    free verse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lines having no specific metrical or rhyming pattern.

    解説

  • 31

    found poem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a poem taken directly from another source, but limited to the taker's meaning

    解説

  • 32

    consonance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the repetition of similar consonant sounds, usually at the ends

    解説

  • 33

    speaker

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the narrator, point of view, or persona through whom the poet is speaking. should not be confused with the poet.

    解説

  • 34

    irony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a contrast or incongruity between what is stated and what is meant, or between what is expected to happen and what actually happens

    解説

  • 35

    oxymoron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory ideas or terms ("living death")

    解説

  • 36

    cacophony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • using rough and harsh sounding words

    解説

  • 37

    structure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the organizational plan of a poem determined by its development of ideas (content) and its corresponding use of form to establish specific structural divisions.

    解説

  • 38

    sestina

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "a lyrical poem organized into six stanzas of six lines each, usually followed by a conclusion of three lines. the last words of the six lines of the first stanza are repeated in the subsequent stanzas, 1-2-3-4-5-6, 6-1-5-2-4-3, 3-6-4-1-2-5, 5-3-2-6-1-4, 4-5-1-3-6-2, 2-4-6-5-3-1, 2-4-6/5-3-1"

    解説

  • 39

    metonymy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a figure of speech in which something very closely associated with a thing is used to stand for or suggest the thing itself ("Crown" for king)

    解説

  • 40

    epigraph

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an inscription, motto, or quotation at the beginning of a literary composition

    解説

  • 41

    villanelle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • six stanzas: 5 triplets and a quatrain ABA, ABA, ABA, ABA, ABA, ABAA

    解説

  • 42

    personification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a figure of speech in which something nonhuman is given human qualities

    解説

  • 43

    paradox

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a rhetorical device that implies a contradiction in terms or concepts but that actually expresses something that is true (Don't go near the water until you've learned to swim)

    解説

  • 44

    denotation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the dictionary meaning of a word

    解説

  • 45

    onomatopoeia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the use of a word whose sound in some degree imitaties or suggest its meaning

    解説

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