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AP English Grammar Notecards

カード 190枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

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  • 1

    Noun

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Person, place, thing.

    解説

  • 2

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -neither... nor

    解説

  • 3

    What is a participial?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a verb ending in ING (present participle) or -ed, -d, -t, -en, -n (past participle) that acts as an ADJECTIVES!!

    解説

  • 4

    Absolute Phrase Example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Their reputation as winners secured by victory, the New York Liberty charged into the semifinals. ("Their reputation as winners secured by victory is a non-essential phrase that describes the entire sentence.

    解説

  • 5

    -Usually tell "when or where"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Show direction, time, and relation to other concepts

    解説

  • 6

    Example of Appositive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The young man, a scholar, got into Harvard (Scholar renames "the young man.")

    解説

  • 7

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -as... as

    解説

  • 8

    Types of sentences: Compound-complex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • more than one independent clause(s) & 1+ dependent clause. Example = "After it was all over, my dad claimed he knew we were planning something, but we think he was really surprised.

    解説

  • 9

    LIST OF RELITIVE PRONOUNS TO MEMORIZE!!!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Who, whoever, which, that, what, whom, whomever, whose, whatever

    解説

  • 10

    Relitive Pronouns, "Who" refers to...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • People

    解説

  • 11

    What is an Absolute Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -commas/dashes needed to set them off.

    解説

  • 12

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -But...and

    解説

  • 13

    Structure of a Dependent clause =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Subordinating Conjunctions (MEMORIZE!!!) + Noun + Verb!!!!!!!!!!!!

    解説

  • 14

    List of Indefinite relitive pronouns

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • = don't specify what they refer to = Whoever, whomever, whatever.

    解説

  • 15

    What is a Gerund Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Can act as subject, object, or object of preposition.

    解説

  • 16

    Types of sentences: Simple

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • One independent clause. Example = We drove from Connecticut to Tennessee in one day.

    解説

  • 17

    Relitive pronouns: WHen to use Whom?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • use whom when you can replace it with a "him."

    解説

  • 18

    What is a Prepositional Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -most common type of phrase

    解説

  • 19

    Nonrestrictive Relative Clause =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A relitive clause that isn't essential to the meaning of the sentence. It would still make sense if you took the relative clause OUT!

    解説

  • 20

    WHAT is a relitive clause?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -introduced by a RELITIVE PRONOUN!!

    解説

  • 21

    What is an appositive Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -appositive + all its supporting words.

    解説

  • 22

    Infinitive Phrases acting as noun, predicate nomnitives examples:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to know her is TO LOVE HER. (To love her = infinitive phrase and it acts as a predicate nomnitive because it restates the subject).

    解説

  • 23

    Types of Sentences = Compound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1+ independent clause(s). Example = We were exhausted, but we arrived in time for my father's birthday party.

    解説

  • 24

    Relitive Pronouns: When do you use "That"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • THAT = use when the relitive clause is NEEDED! Don't use commas. EXAMPLE= "The car THAT HIT HER was green." (THat hit her = relitive clause that's needed or sentence won't make sense

    解説

  • 25

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -whether... or

    解説

  • 26

    What is a Subordinating Conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Dependent clause depends on rest of sentence for its meaning.

    解説

  • 27

    Gerunds functioning as objects of preposition example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The senator made his reputation by TALKING LOUDLY AND OFTEN. (it follows the preposition, "by" and answers it.

    解説

  • 28

    What is a Subordinating Conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Comes at the beginning of a Dependent clause

    解説

  • 29

    -Usually tell "when or where"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -"anywhere a squirl can go" + modifiers

    解説

  • 30

    Infinitive Phrases acting as noun subject example:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • To sleep all night was his only wish. (To sleep all night = infinitive phrase. It acts as the subject of the sentence.

    解説

  • 31

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -not only...but also

    解説

  • 32

    Relitive Pronouns: when to use WHO?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Use who when you can replace it with a "he."

    解説

  • 33

    What is an Absolute Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Made up of: a Noun/pronoun/Participle + modifiers.

    解説

  • 34

    What are conjunctive adverbs?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -examples = "however, moreover, nevertheless, consequently, as a result"

    解説

  • 35

    What is an Appositive?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -a word/group of words that restate/identify Noun/pronoun next to it. Example = We, the PEOPLE.

    解説

  • 36

    What is a Participial Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Used as adjectives,

    解説

  • 37

    Example of a Participial Phrase used as Adjective.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Breating the fresh mountain air, Jim realized he had found paradise. (Breathing in the fresh mountain air modifies Jim)

    解説

  • 38

    Types of sentences=Complex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1 independent clause &1+ dependent clause(s) Example = "Although he is now 75 years old, he claims to be 65.

    解説

  • 39

    What is a Subordinating Conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Establishes the relationship between the Dependent clause and the rest of the sentence.

    解説

  • 40

    Infinitive Phrases acting as noun objects examples:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • She wanted to raise taxes. (To Raise Taxes = infinitive phrase. It acts as the object/noun).

    解説

  • 41

    Appositive Phrase as a Noun Phrase Example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • My favorite teacher, a fine chess player in her own right, has won several state level tournaments. (A fine chess player in her own right renames my favorite teacher)

    解説

  • 42

    What is an appositive Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Can function as: Noun phrase, Gerund phrase, or Infinitive phrase

    解説

  • 43

    What is a Prepositional Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -act as adverbs or adjectives.

    解説

  • 44

    What are conjunctive adverbs?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Used to create complex relationships between ideas.

    解説

  • 45

    What is a Prepositional Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Begins with a preposition + Noun/Pronoun (object of preposition. Example = IN the NOUN.

    解説

  • 46

    What is a Gerund Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Participal phrases provide extra info, Gerund phrases are ESSENTIAL!

    解説

  • 47

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -not...but

    解説

  • 48

    Gerund phrases functioning as subject example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • calling Uncle Robjert is asking for trouble. (Calling uncle Robert is what the sentence speaks about)

    解説

  • 49

    Verb =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • actions

    解説

  • 50

    LIST OF PREPOSITIONS

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • MEMORIZE!

    解説

  • 51

    What is an appositive Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -usually has commas

    解説

  • 52

    WHAT is a relitive clause?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -begins with a relitive pronoun

    解説

  • 53

    Relitive Pronouns purpose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • introduce clauses that describe a noun/pronoun.... EXAMPLE= The professor WHO WROTE THE TEXTBOOK is teaching the class. (who wrote the text describe "Professor."

    解説

  • 54

    What is a correlative conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the pairs should be treated as grammatically equal.

    解説

  • 55

    Appositive phrase as an infinitive phrase

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tashonda's goal in life, to become an occupational therapist, is within her grasp this year, at least ("To become an occupational therapist" is an infinitive phrase that describes Tashonda's life goal.

    解説

  • 56

    Prepositional Phrase acting as an Adverb example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Most of the audience dozed during the tedious performance. ("During the tedious performance" acts as an adverb and modifies the verb, dozed!)

    解説

  • 57

    Types of verbs =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Action verb, linking verb. Action verb animates a sentence, while the linking verb help complete a sentence by describing/identifying it,

    解説

  • 58

    What is an infinitive?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The root of the verb. Example = "TO eat" (to is an infinitive)

    解説

  • 59

    What is a Gerund Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Gerund + any modifiers.

    解説

  • 60

    Infinitve Phrases acting as adverbs examples:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • After the confrontation, she drove miles to clear her mind. (To clear her mind = infinitive phrase and it modifies the verb "drove").

    解説

  • 61

    WHAT is a relitive clause?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Modifies the subject of the independent clause.

    解説

  • 62

    What is a correlative conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Conjunctions that combine with each other.

    解説

  • 63

    What is a Participial Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -usually set off by commas and not essential to the structure/meaning of the sentence.

    解説

  • 64

    Coordinating conjunctions usage?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Used to separate 2 independent clauses. Comma comes before CC.

    解説

  • 65

    What is an appositive Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -rename the Noun/pronoun next to the phrase

    解説

  • 66

    What is an Absolute Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -modify entire sentence and add information.

    解説

  • 67

    prepositional Phrases acting as an Adjective Example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Woman in the Trench coat pulled out her cell phone. ("In the Trench coat acts as an adjective and describes noun, woman).

    解説

  • 68

    Infinitive Phrases acting as adjectives examples:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He had plenty of money to spend foolishly (To spend foolishly modifies the noun, "money")

    解説

  • 69

    WHAT is a relitive clause?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -functions as an adjective

    解説

  • 70

    list of Coordinating Conjunctions!!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FANBOYS!: For, and, nor, but,or, yet, so

    解説

  • 71

    When a coordinating Conjunction = used to connect all elements in a series, comma not needed.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Example= "Presbyterians and Methodists and Baptists are the prevalent protestant congregations in Oklahoma."

    解説

  • 72

    Example of correlative conjunctions =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • She led the team not only in statistics but also by the virtue of her enthusiasm. (Not only; but also= correlative conjunction pairs)

    解説

  • 73

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -either... or

    解説

  • 74

    Example of Linking Verb =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Clement feel feverish. Linkinv erb = feel

    解説

  • 75

    Use a Comma when using "But" with a contrast ->

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Example = This is a useful rule, but difficult to remember (BUT is used to show contrast so it needs a comma)

    解説

  • 76

    What is an infinitive Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Infinitive + modifieers. (example = TO + VERB). Can act as Adj, Adv or nouns

    解説

  • 77

    Relitive Pronouns: "Which" refers to...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Things

    解説

  • 78

    Relitive Pronouns: When do you use "Which?"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Use Which when the relitive clause that follows it is UN-NEEDED! USE COMMAS! Example = "The car, which I bought, was green." (Which i bought = relitive clause that's un-needed. In other words, sentence would still make sense WITHOUT it.)

    解説

  • 79

    What is a Prepositional Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -object of preposition Can have its own modifiers. Example = "In THE SMOKY, CROWDED room."

    解説

  • 80

    Gerunds functioning as direct objects example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Police officer reported seeing the suspects. (Reported seeing what or whom? Reported seeing the suspects = it's a direct object!)

    解説

  • 81

    What is a Conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a word that connects parts of a sentence. A "JOINER!"

    解説

  • 82

    Appositve phrase as a Gerund phrase example:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The best exercise, walking briskly, is also the least expensive. (Walking briskly is a gerund phrase that renames "the best exercise")

    解説

  • 83

    Example of Subordinating Conjunctions used in Dependent clauses =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He took to the stage as though he had been preparing for this moment all his life. (Dependent clause = "as though he had been preparing for this moment all this life," "Though" separates the dependent clause from the independent clause and makes the dependent clause dependent on the independent clause.

    解説

  • 84

    Phrase

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Group

    解説

  • 85

    What is a relative clause composed of?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Relitive Pronoun + VERB. OR Relative pronoun + subject + verb

    解説

  • 86

    Prepositional phrases extras

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - NEVER end a sentence with a preposition.

    解説

  • 87

    Gerund Phrases functioning as a NOUN! example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • riding the Black Stallion terrified Hugh. (riding the black stallion functions as a noun and is subject of the verb, terrified).

    解説

  • 88

    What is a correlative conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -travel IN pairs. ex= "not only; but also"

    解説

  • 89

    Restrictive reltive clause =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a relitive clause that is essential to the sentence. (how can you tell? Take the relitive clause out. It's relitive if the sentence is incomplete and doesn't form a complete thought then

    解説

  • 90

    Relititive Pronoun, "What" sometimes refers to...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • What is sometimes used as an INDEFINITE RELITVIE PRONOUN (relitive pronoun none-the-less) = it doesn't specify what it refers to usually and is neutral... usually doesn't have commas.

    解説

  • 91

    What is a Gerund?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Verb with ING ending that can act as the NOUN in a sentence.

    解説

  • 92

    -Usually tell "when or where"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Usually tell "when or where"

    解説

  • 93

    What is an Absolute Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - a group of words that modify an independent clause as a whole.

    解説

  • 94

    What is a Preposition?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • connects or relates the nouns, pronouns, or phrases in a sentence to other words. Example = 'He sat ON the table." (Relates Sat to the Table).

    解説

  • 95

    What is a Participial Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - participial + object/modifiers.

    解説

  • 96

    Noun

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Person, place, thing.

    解説

  • 97

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -neither... nor

    解説

  • 98

    What is a participial?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a verb ending in ING (present participle) or -ed, -d, -t, -en, -n (past participle) that acts as an ADJECTIVES!!

    解説

  • 99

    Absolute Phrase Example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Their reputation as winners secured by victory, the New York Liberty charged into the semifinals. ("Their reputation as winners secured by victory is a non-essential phrase that describes the entire sentence.

    解説

  • 100

    -Usually tell "when or where"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Show direction, time, and relation to other concepts

    解説

  • 101

    Example of Appositive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The young man, a scholar, got into Harvard (Scholar renames "the young man.")

    解説

  • 102

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -as... as

    解説

  • 103

    Types of sentences: Compound-complex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • more than one independent clause(s) & 1+ dependent clause. Example = "After it was all over, my dad claimed he knew we were planning something, but we think he was really surprised.

    解説

  • 104

    LIST OF RELITIVE PRONOUNS TO MEMORIZE!!!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Who, whoever, which, that, what, whom, whomever, whose, whatever

    解説

  • 105

    Relitive Pronouns, "Who" refers to...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • People

    解説

  • 106

    What is an Absolute Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -commas/dashes needed to set them off.

    解説

  • 107

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -But...and

    解説

  • 108

    Structure of a Dependent clause =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Subordinating Conjunctions (MEMORIZE!!!) + Noun + Verb!!!!!!!!!!!!

    解説

  • 109

    List of Indefinite relitive pronouns

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • = don't specify what they refer to = Whoever, whomever, whatever.

    解説

  • 110

    What is a Gerund Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Can act as subject, object, or object of preposition.

    解説

  • 111

    Types of sentences: Simple

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • One independent clause. Example = We drove from Connecticut to Tennessee in one day.

    解説

  • 112

    Relitive pronouns: WHen to use Whom?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • use whom when you can replace it with a "him."

    解説

  • 113

    What is a Prepositional Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -most common type of phrase

    解説

  • 114

    Nonrestrictive Relative Clause =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A relitive clause that isn't essential to the meaning of the sentence. It would still make sense if you took the relative clause OUT!

    解説

  • 115

    WHAT is a relitive clause?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -introduced by a RELITIVE PRONOUN!!

    解説

  • 116

    What is an appositive Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -appositive + all its supporting words.

    解説

  • 117

    Infinitive Phrases acting as noun, predicate nomnitives examples:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to know her is TO LOVE HER. (To love her = infinitive phrase and it acts as a predicate nomnitive because it restates the subject).

    解説

  • 118

    Types of Sentences = Compound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1+ independent clause(s). Example = We were exhausted, but we arrived in time for my father's birthday party.

    解説

  • 119

    Relitive Pronouns: When do you use "That"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • THAT = use when the relitive clause is NEEDED! Don't use commas. EXAMPLE= "The car THAT HIT HER was green." (THat hit her = relitive clause that's needed or sentence won't make sense

    解説

  • 120

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -whether... or

    解説

  • 121

    What is a Subordinating Conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Dependent clause depends on rest of sentence for its meaning.

    解説

  • 122

    Gerunds functioning as objects of preposition example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The senator made his reputation by TALKING LOUDLY AND OFTEN. (it follows the preposition, "by" and answers it.

    解説

  • 123

    What is a Subordinating Conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Comes at the beginning of a Dependent clause

    解説

  • 124

    -Usually tell "when or where"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -"anywhere a squirl can go" + modifiers

    解説

  • 125

    Infinitive Phrases acting as noun subject example:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • To sleep all night was his only wish. (To sleep all night = infinitive phrase. It acts as the subject of the sentence.

    解説

  • 126

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -not only...but also

    解説

  • 127

    Relitive Pronouns: when to use WHO?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Use who when you can replace it with a "he."

    解説

  • 128

    What is an Absolute Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Made up of: a Noun/pronoun/Participle + modifiers.

    解説

  • 129

    What are conjunctive adverbs?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -examples = "however, moreover, nevertheless, consequently, as a result"

    解説

  • 130

    What is an Appositive?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -a word/group of words that restate/identify Noun/pronoun next to it. Example = We, the PEOPLE.

    解説

  • 131

    What is a Participial Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Used as adjectives,

    解説

  • 132

    Example of a Participial Phrase used as Adjective.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Breating the fresh mountain air, Jim realized he had found paradise. (Breathing in the fresh mountain air modifies Jim)

    解説

  • 133

    Types of sentences=Complex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1 independent clause &1+ dependent clause(s) Example = "Although he is now 75 years old, he claims to be 65.

    解説

  • 134

    What is a Subordinating Conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Establishes the relationship between the Dependent clause and the rest of the sentence.

    解説

  • 135

    Infinitive Phrases acting as noun objects examples:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • She wanted to raise taxes. (To Raise Taxes = infinitive phrase. It acts as the object/noun).

    解説

  • 136

    Appositive Phrase as a Noun Phrase Example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • My favorite teacher, a fine chess player in her own right, has won several state level tournaments. (A fine chess player in her own right renames my favorite teacher)

    解説

  • 137

    What is an appositive Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Can function as: Noun phrase, Gerund phrase, or Infinitive phrase

    解説

  • 138

    What is a Prepositional Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -act as adverbs or adjectives.

    解説

  • 139

    What are conjunctive adverbs?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Used to create complex relationships between ideas.

    解説

  • 140

    What is a Prepositional Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Begins with a preposition + Noun/Pronoun (object of preposition. Example = IN the NOUN.

    解説

  • 141

    What is a Gerund Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Participal phrases provide extra info, Gerund phrases are ESSENTIAL!

    解説

  • 142

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -not...but

    解説

  • 143

    Gerund phrases functioning as subject example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • calling Uncle Robjert is asking for trouble. (Calling uncle Robert is what the sentence speaks about)

    解説

  • 144

    Verb =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • actions

    解説

  • 145

    LIST OF PREPOSITIONS

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • MEMORIZE!

    解説

  • 146

    What is an appositive Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -usually has commas

    解説

  • 147

    WHAT is a relitive clause?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -begins with a relitive pronoun

    解説

  • 148

    Relitive Pronouns purpose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • introduce clauses that describe a noun/pronoun.... EXAMPLE= The professor WHO WROTE THE TEXTBOOK is teaching the class. (who wrote the text describe "Professor."

    解説

  • 149

    What is a correlative conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the pairs should be treated as grammatically equal.

    解説

  • 150

    Appositive phrase as an infinitive phrase

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tashonda's goal in life, to become an occupational therapist, is within her grasp this year, at least ("To become an occupational therapist" is an infinitive phrase that describes Tashonda's life goal.

    解説

  • 151

    Prepositional Phrase acting as an Adverb example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Most of the audience dozed during the tedious performance. ("During the tedious performance" acts as an adverb and modifies the verb, dozed!)

    解説

  • 152

    Types of verbs =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Action verb, linking verb. Action verb animates a sentence, while the linking verb help complete a sentence by describing/identifying it,

    解説

  • 153

    What is an infinitive?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The root of the verb. Example = "TO eat" (to is an infinitive)

    解説

  • 154

    What is a Gerund Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Gerund + any modifiers.

    解説

  • 155

    Infinitve Phrases acting as adverbs examples:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • After the confrontation, she drove miles to clear her mind. (To clear her mind = infinitive phrase and it modifies the verb "drove").

    解説

  • 156

    WHAT is a relitive clause?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Modifies the subject of the independent clause.

    解説

  • 157

    What is a correlative conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Conjunctions that combine with each other.

    解説

  • 158

    What is a Participial Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -usually set off by commas and not essential to the structure/meaning of the sentence.

    解説

  • 159

    Coordinating conjunctions usage?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Used to separate 2 independent clauses. Comma comes before CC.

    解説

  • 160

    What is an appositive Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -rename the Noun/pronoun next to the phrase

    解説

  • 161

    What is an Absolute Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -modify entire sentence and add information.

    解説

  • 162

    prepositional Phrases acting as an Adjective Example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Woman in the Trench coat pulled out her cell phone. ("In the Trench coat acts as an adjective and describes noun, woman).

    解説

  • 163

    Infinitive Phrases acting as adjectives examples:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He had plenty of money to spend foolishly (To spend foolishly modifies the noun, "money")

    解説

  • 164

    WHAT is a relitive clause?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -functions as an adjective

    解説

  • 165

    list of Coordinating Conjunctions!!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FANBOYS!: For, and, nor, but,or, yet, so

    解説

  • 166

    When a coordinating Conjunction = used to connect all elements in a series, comma not needed.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Example= "Presbyterians and Methodists and Baptists are the prevalent protestant congregations in Oklahoma."

    解説

  • 167

    Example of correlative conjunctions =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • She led the team not only in statistics but also by the virtue of her enthusiasm. (Not only; but also= correlative conjunction pairs)

    解説

  • 168

    List of correlative conjunctions pairs!1!

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -either... or

    解説

  • 169

    Example of Linking Verb =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Clement feel feverish. Linkinv erb = feel

    解説

  • 170

    Use a Comma when using "But" with a contrast ->

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Example = This is a useful rule, but difficult to remember (BUT is used to show contrast so it needs a comma)

    解説

  • 171

    What is an infinitive Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Infinitive + modifieers. (example = TO + VERB). Can act as Adj, Adv or nouns

    解説

  • 172

    Relitive Pronouns: "Which" refers to...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Things

    解説

  • 173

    Relitive Pronouns: When do you use "Which?"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Use Which when the relitive clause that follows it is UN-NEEDED! USE COMMAS! Example = "The car, which I bought, was green." (Which i bought = relitive clause that's un-needed. In other words, sentence would still make sense WITHOUT it.)

    解説

  • 174

    What is a Prepositional Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -object of preposition Can have its own modifiers. Example = "In THE SMOKY, CROWDED room."

    解説

  • 175

    Gerunds functioning as direct objects example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Police officer reported seeing the suspects. (Reported seeing what or whom? Reported seeing the suspects = it's a direct object!)

    解説

  • 176

    What is a Conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a word that connects parts of a sentence. A "JOINER!"

    解説

  • 177

    Appositve phrase as a Gerund phrase example:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The best exercise, walking briskly, is also the least expensive. (Walking briskly is a gerund phrase that renames "the best exercise")

    解説

  • 178

    Example of Subordinating Conjunctions used in Dependent clauses =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He took to the stage as though he had been preparing for this moment all his life. (Dependent clause = "as though he had been preparing for this moment all this life," "Though" separates the dependent clause from the independent clause and makes the dependent clause dependent on the independent clause.

    解説

  • 179

    Phrase

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Group

    解説

  • 180

    What is a relative clause composed of?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Relitive Pronoun + VERB. OR Relative pronoun + subject + verb

    解説

  • 181

    Prepositional phrases extras

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - NEVER end a sentence with a preposition.

    解説

  • 182

    Gerund Phrases functioning as a NOUN! example

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • riding the Black Stallion terrified Hugh. (riding the black stallion functions as a noun and is subject of the verb, terrified).

    解説

  • 183

    What is a correlative conjunction?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -travel IN pairs. ex= "not only; but also"

    解説

  • 184

    Restrictive reltive clause =

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a relitive clause that is essential to the sentence. (how can you tell? Take the relitive clause out. It's relitive if the sentence is incomplete and doesn't form a complete thought then

    解説

  • 185

    Relititive Pronoun, "What" sometimes refers to...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • What is sometimes used as an INDEFINITE RELITVIE PRONOUN (relitive pronoun none-the-less) = it doesn't specify what it refers to usually and is neutral... usually doesn't have commas.

    解説

  • 186

    What is a Gerund?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Verb with ING ending that can act as the NOUN in a sentence.

    解説

  • 187

    -Usually tell "when or where"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Usually tell "when or where"

    解説

  • 188

    What is an Absolute Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - a group of words that modify an independent clause as a whole.

    解説

  • 189

    What is a Preposition?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • connects or relates the nouns, pronouns, or phrases in a sentence to other words. Example = 'He sat ON the table." (Relates Sat to the Table).

    解説

  • 190

    What is a Participial Phrase?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - participial + object/modifiers.

    解説

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