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AP english strudy terms

カード 42枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • Oxymoron

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  • 1

    Oxymoron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • From the Greek for "pointedly foolish," ___ is a figure of speech wherein the author groups apparently contradictory terms. Simple examples include "jumbo shrimp" and "cruel kindness."

    解説

  • 2

    Ellipsis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Indicated by a series of three periods, the __ indicates that some material has been omitted from a given text.

    解説

  • 3

    Ethos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an appeal based on the character of the speaker. An __-driven document relies on the reputation of the author.

    解説

  • 4

    Pathos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an appeal based on emotion.

    解説

  • 5

    Colloquial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the use of slang in writing, often to create local color and to provide an informal tone. Huckleberry Finn in written in a __ style.

    解説

  • 6

    Ad Hominem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against the man."

    解説

  • 7

    Antecedent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers.

    解説

  • 8

    Pedantic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An adjective that describes words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic, or bookish.

    解説

  • 9

    Deconstruction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a critical approach that debunks single definitions of meaning based on the instability of language. It "is not a dismantling of a structure of a text, but a demonstration that it has already dismantled itself."

    解説

  • 10

    Hyperbole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement

    解説

  • 11

    Abstract Language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Language describing ideas and qualities rather than observable or specific things, people, or places.

    解説

  • 12

    Authority

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Arguments that draw on recognized experts or persons with highly relevant experience.

    解説

  • 13

    Didactic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • writing whose purpose is to instruct or to teach. A ___ work is usually formal and focuses on moral or ethical concerns.

    解説

  • 14

    Allegory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A work that functions on a symbolic level

    解説

  • 15

    Explication

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The act of interpreting or discovering the meaning of a text. __ usually involves close reading and special attention to figurative language.

    解説

  • 16

    Argumentation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The purpose of this rhetorical mode is to prove the validity of an idea, or point of view, by presenting sound reasoning, discussion, and argument that thoroughly convince the reader.

    解説

  • 17

    Equivocation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • When a writer uses the same term in two different senses in an argument.

    解説

  • 18

    Causal Relationship

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In __, a writer asserts that one thing results from another. To show how one thing produces or brings about another is often relevant in establishing a logical argument.

    解説

  • 19

    Rhetorical Modes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The flexible term describes the variety, the conventions, and the purposes of the major kinds of writing.

    解説

  • 20

    Syllogism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • From the Greek for "reckoning together," a __ is a deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises that inevitably lead to a sound conclusion.

    解説

  • 21

    Syntax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The grammatical structure of prose and poetry.

    解説

  • 22

    Euphony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the pleasant, mellifluous presentation of sounds in a literary work.

    解説

  • 23

    Epigraph

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The use of a quotation at the beginning of a work that hints at its theme. Hemingway begins The Sun Also Rises with two. One of them is "You are all a lost generation" by Gertrude Stein.

    解説

  • 24

    Stream-of-consciousness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • This is a narrative technique that places the reader in the mind and thought process of the narrator, no matter how random and spontaneous that may be.

    解説

  • 25

    Ethical Appeal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • When a writer tries to persuade the audience to respect and believe him or her based on a presentation of image of self through the text.

    解説

  • 26

    Synecdoche

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • . a figure of speech that utilizes a part as representative of the whole. "All hands on deck" is an example.

    解説

  • 27

    Exposition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The purpose of this rhetorical mode is to explain and analyze information by presenting an idea, relevant evidence, and appropriate discussion.

    解説

  • 28

    Logos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an appeal based on logic or reason

    解説

  • 29

    Paradox

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity.

    解説

  • 30

    Cumulative

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sentence which begins with the main idea and then expands on that idea with a series of details or other particulars

    解説

  • 31

    Invective

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.

    解説

  • 32

    Ambiguity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an event or situation that may be interpreted in more than one way.

    解説

  • 33

    Anaphora

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. This is a deliberate form of repetition and helps make the writer's point more coherent.

    解説

  • 34

    Dramatic Irony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In this type of irony, facts or events are unknown to a character in a play or a piece of fiction but known to the reader, audience, or other characters in the work

    解説

  • 35

    Homily

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • This term literally means "sermon," but more informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice.

    解説

  • 36

    Asyndeton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Commas used (with no conjunction) to separate a series of words. The parts are emphasized equally when the conjunction is omitted; in addition, the use of commas with no intervening conjunction speeds up the flow of the sentence. X, Y, Z as opposed to X, Y, and Z.

    解説

  • 37

    Prose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • One of the major divisions of genre, ___ refers to fiction and nonfiction, including all its forms, because they are written in ordinary language and most closely resemble everyday speech.

    解説

  • 38

    Euphemism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropriate or uncomfortable. "He went to his final reward" is a common __ for "he died." They are also used to obscure the reality of the situation.

    解説

  • 39

    Metonomy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a term from the Greek meaning "changed label" or "substitute name" __ is a figure of speech in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it. For example: a news release that claims "The White House declared" rather than "The President declared"

    解説

  • 40

    Chiasmus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Arrangement of repeated thoughts in the pattern of X Y Y X. It is often short and summarizes a main idea.

    解説

  • 41

    Anecdote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A story or brief episode told by the writer or a character to illustrate a point.

    解説

  • 42

    Semantics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The branch of linguistics that studies that meaning of words, their historical and psychological development, their connotations, and their relation to one another.

    解説

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