zuknow learn together

新しい教材を作成

JR: AP English: Biblical Illusions

カード 30枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • Alpha and Omega

解説面  クリックしてカードを裏返す

アプリをダウンロードして、このコンテンツを学習しよう! AppStore / Google Play

教材の説明:

詳細はありません

公開範囲:

公開

  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
  • 1

    Alpha and Omega

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The beginning and the end, from a quote in Revelations in the new Testament

    解説

  • 2

    Lamb to the slaughter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in an unconcerned manner - unawate of any impending catastrophe. From Jeremiah 11:19: "But I was like a genter lamb led ot the slaughter; and i did not know that they had devised plots against me, [saying], 'lt us destroy the tree with its fruit, and let us cut him off from the land of the living. That his name be remembered no more' and Isaiah 53:7: "He was opressed and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and a a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth." - Both king james version

    解説

  • 3

    Philistine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a person indifferent or hostile to the arts and refinement; from Sea-going people from Crete who became enemies of the Israelites and fought over their lands

    解説

  • 4

    David and Goliath

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Goliath: A large person; from the giant from the Philistine city of Gath, slain by David, when he was a shepherd boy. Thus a reference to David is a reference to a victorious underdog in a contest with a superior (seeming) opponent.

    解説

  • 5

    Good samaritan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • someone who helps another person, perhaps someone of a different race or background; from a NT parable about a Samaritan, a traditional enemy of the Hebrews, who stopped to help a Jewish man who had been beaten and left for dead at the side of the road.

    解説

  • 6

    Sodom and Gomorrah

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • any place associated with wickedness or sin; from the evil cities of the OT that were destroyed by fire

    解説

  • 7

    Gird up one's loins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to prepare oneself for something requiring readiness, strength, or endurance. Likely a Hebraism, often used in the King James Bible (e.g., 2 Kings 4:29). Literally referred to the need to strap a belt around one's waist when getting up in order to avoid the cloak falling off

    解説

  • 8

    Original Sin/The "Fall"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the idea that all men are innately sinful as a result of Adama nd Eve's fall form the state of innocence. When they ate the forbidden fruit, they were cast out of the Biblical Garden of Eden; a post-biblical expression for the doctine of Adam's transgression and mankind's consequential inheritance of a sinful nature because he ate the forbidden fruit from the Tree of Knowledge

    解説

  • 9

    Manna (from Heaven)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a sustaining life-giving source or food; from the sweetish bread-like food that fell from heaven for the Israelites as they crossed the Sinai Desert to the Promised land with Moses

    解説

  • 10

    Jeremiad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a literary work or speech expressing a bitter lament or a righteous prophecy of doom. Jeremiah was a Hebrew prophet and reformer, and the author of the Book of Jeremiah. His most significant prophecy looked to a time when God would make a new covenant with Israel. The Catcher in the Rye is, in essence, a Jeremiad, an extended complaint to God about the state of the world. Contemporary filmmaker Michael Moore has produced several cinematic jeremiads (Bowling for Columbine, Fahrenheit 9-11, sicko).

    解説

  • 11

    Scapegoat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (n) one that is made an obkect of blame for others; the goat was symbolically burdened with the sings of Jewish people and thrown over a precipice outside of Jerusalem to rid the nation of iniquities.

    解説

  • 12

    Eye of a needle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a very difficult task; from famous narrow gateway called "the needle." In the NT, Jesus said it was easier for a camel to go through the eye of the needle than for a rich man to enter heaven.

    解説

  • 13

    Brother's keeper

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • from the story of Adam and Eve's son Cain, who killed his brother Abel out of jealousy. When God asked Cain, "Where is Abel your brother" Cain replied, "I do not know. Am I my brother's keeper?"" The phrase has come to indicate someone avoiding responsibility for the welfare of others

    解説

  • 14

    Eye for an Eye

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a quotation from Exodus (21:23-27) in which a person who has taken the eye of another in a fight is instructed to give his own eye in compensation. At the root of this principle is that one of the purposes of the law is to provide equitable retaliation for an offended party. It defined and restricted the extent of retaliation in the laws of the Old Testament. Often referred to as "Old Testament Justice."

    解説

  • 15

    Jonah

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one who brings bad luck; an OT prophet who ran from God and sailed to sea. When a storm arose, he admitted that he was the cause, and the sailors threw him overboards, where he was swallowed by a large fish. Jonah 1:15: "So they took up Jonah, and cast him forth into the sea: and the sea ceased her raging."

    解説

  • 16

    Golden Calf

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • as recounted in the Book of Ecodus, Moses wnet up onto Mount Sinai to recieve the Ten Commandments, leacing the Israelites for forty days and forty ngihts. The Istaelites feared that Moses would not return and asked Aaron to make idols or gods for them to worship. Aaron compliedd and gathered up the Israelites' golden earrings. He melted them and constructed the golden calf. Aaron also built an altar before the calf. The next day, the Israelites made offerings and celebrated. Meanwhile, the Lord told Moses that his people had corrupted themselves in idolizing false gods ("worshiping false idols") and that he planned to punish them, which he did, later having been convinced by Moses to spare the Jews for the time being. A metaphoric interpretation emphasizes the gold part of golden calf to criticise the pursuit of wealth as an end in itself.

    解説

  • 17

    Blind leading the blind

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In Luke 6 (and Matthew 15:14) Christ tells this parable to His disciples: "Can a blind man lead a blind man? Will they not both fall into a pit? A student is not above his teacher, but everyone who is fully trained will be like his teacher." (Lk 6:39-40) Christ's parable about the blind leading the blind wasn't intended to be used as a tool to gauge others leadership, but rather our own. How good a job we do.

    解説

  • 18

    Fly in the ointment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The English idiom That's the fly in the ointment is used to express a drawback, especially one that was not at first apparent, e.g. Sam's lack of map-reading skills turned out to be the fly in the ointment when he applied for the job. Alikely source is a phrase in the King James Bible: "Dead flies cause the ointment of the apothecary to send forth a stinking savou." (Ecclesiastes 10:1). For five source of annoyance. The modern version thus suggests that something unpleasant may come or has come to light in a proposition or condition that is almost too pleasing; that there is something wrong hidden, unexpected somewhere

    解説

  • 19

    Solomon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an extremely wise person; from the son of King David, the Israelite king who wrote Proverbs, and was known for wisdom

    解説

  • 20

    Land of milk and honey

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the original expression, "a land flowing with milk and honey", is a Biblical reference to the agricultural abundance of the Land of Israel. The first reference appears in Exodus 3:8 during Moses's vision of the burning bush: "And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the plaveof the Canaanitess, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Hebusites

    解説

  • 21

    Wolf in Sheep's clothing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The King James Version of the Bible gives this warning in Matthew 7:15: "Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves." In other words, be on the lookout for someone who hides malicious intent under the guise of kindliness. This cautionary advice that one cannot necessarily rust someone who appears kind and friendly has been with us for many centuries. Both Aesop's Fables and the Bible contain explicit references to wolves in sheep's clothing. Aesop must have originated the phrase, as his tales are much older than any biblical text.

    解説

  • 22

    Forbidden fruit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • illicit pleasure; something that one should not take or get involved with, such as an another peroson's spouse. With reference to Genesis 2:17: 'But of the tree of the knowledge of good and ecil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die." (king James Bible)

    解説

  • 23

    Handwriting on the wall

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • what the future holds; from the OT story of Daniel, who was able to accurately predict some mysterious writing that appeared on a wall (translated, it predicted the imminent death of the king)

    解説

  • 24

    Patience of Job

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Job suffers a great deal but remains fathful; from an OT character whose faith in God was tested by Satan; though he lost his family and belongings, he remained patient and faithful. James 5.11: "You have heard of the patience of JOb, and have seen the Lord in the outcome, and how the Lord is full of compassion and mercy"

    解説

  • 25

    Cast the first stone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Be the first to attack a sinner. From the King James Bible, John 8:7: "So when they continued asking Him, [Jesus] lifted up Himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her."

    解説

  • 26

    Den of thieves

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • And [Jesus] said unto them, It is written, My house shall be callled the house of prayer, but ye have made it a den of thieves. (matthew 21:13). A house of prayer: place of sacred worship. A den of thieves: a cave full of robbers. The language indicates that it was a corrupt and fraudulent traffic, which a corrupt and fraudulent priesthood had permitted to encroach on the worship of God. It is a desecration of religious (and other) institutions to use them for wordly gain.

    解説

  • 27

    Armageddon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the place of the last decisive battle at the Day of Judgment; hence used allusively for any 'final' conflict on a great scale

    解説

  • 28

    Prodigal Son

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a wasteful son who disappoints his father; from the NT parable of a man with two songs. When he splits his estate between the two, the younger son gathered his fortune and left home to live the wild life, while the older son stayed home to work in the fields. When the younger son spent all of the money, he came crawling back to his father, who accepted him, pardoning his error by saying he was "lost but was found"

    解説

  • 29

    Can a leopard change his spots?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Habit is second nature. It was argied that the Jews could not possibly alter their inveterate habits of sin; therefore, nothing remained but the infliction of the extremist punishment, their expatriation (Jer 13:24)

    解説

  • 30

    Judas

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a Judas is a traitor. The biblical Judas was one of the 12 apostles of Jesus, notorious fo betraying Jesus. His surname in Latin means "murderer" or "assassin." According to the account given in the Gospel of John, Judas carried the disciples' money bag and betrayed Jesus for a bribe of thirty pieces of silver by identifying him with a kiss - the so-called "kiss of Judas" - to arresting soldiers of the High Priest Caiaphas, who then turned Jesus over to Pontius Pilate's soldiers

    解説

56569

セットの学習コンテンツ

公開初月で
60,000
ダウン
ロード!

無料アプリはこちら!

英単語をウェブサイト
からzuknowに簡単登録

覚えたい単語を選択するだけ!
簡単にzuknowに登録することが
できます

Get the free Chrome Extension

トップ