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AP English 3 AP Terms

カード 128枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • acknowledging both sides of an argument

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  • 1

    acknowledging both sides of an argument

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • complexity; ambiguity

    解説

  • 2

    language devices

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • style; stylistic devices; linguistic devices

    解説

  • 3

    credible

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • worthy of belief; trustworthy

    解説

  • 4

    changes in attitude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • changes in tone(s) of a selection

    解説

  • 5

    annotation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • explanatory or critical notes added to text

    解説

  • 6

    antimetabole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • repetition of words in an inverted order to sharpen a contrast

    解説

  • 7

    archaic diction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • use of words common to an earlier time period; antiquated language

    解説

  • 8

    metaphor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • implied comparison

    解説

  • 9

    colloquialism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • words, idioms, and expressions that are informal or slang

    解説

  • 10

    complex sentence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sentence that contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses

    解説

  • 11

    oxymoron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • joining two paradoxical terms

    解説

  • 12

    dramatic monologue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • soul in action - one character's speech in a dramatic situation

    解説

  • 13

    audience

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one's listener or readership; those to whom a speech or piece of writing is adressed

    解説

  • 14

    concession

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • complexity of meaning or interpretation; acknowledges existence of other viewpoints

    解説

  • 15

    stylistic maturity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • significantly sophisticated level at which a student writes

    解説

  • 16

    trope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • artful diction; use of language in a non-literal way; also called figure of speech

    解説

  • 17

    conjunction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • word that joins words or groups of words or phrases

    解説

  • 18

    contrast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cite differences

    解説

  • 19

    refute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to discredit an argument, particularly a counter argument

    解説

  • 20

    antipathy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sentiments against

    解説

  • 21

    writer's attitude toward X

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • point of view; tone; attitude

    解説

  • 22

    voice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • active or passive

    解説

  • 23

    *controlling metaphor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A metaphor that is central to and runs through an entire work.

    解説

  • 24

    changes in attitude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • b. analyze the effect of the author's attitude

    解説

  • 25

    antecedent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the word to which a pronoun refers

    解説

  • 26

    ambiguity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • capacity of language to function more than one level; overtones; complexity

    解説

  • 27

    clause

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • group of words containing a subject and a predicate and used as part of a sentence

    解説

  • 28

    allusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reference to historical or literary figure, event, or object

    解説

  • 29

    compound-complex sentence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sentence containing two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses

    解説

  • 30

    diction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reference to types of words or phrases in a prose passage (abstract, concrete, formal, informal, literal, figurative, etc.)

    解説

  • 31

    claim

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an assertion, usually supported by evidence

    解説

  • 32

    denotation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • relative to diction; word choice conveys literal meaning of word

    解説

  • 33

    similie

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • similarity directly expressed

    解説

  • 34

    apostrophe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • figure of speech in which an abstract quality is addressed

    解説

  • 35

    pathos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Greek term that refers to suffering or emotion in general; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals, the others being ethos and logos.

    解説

  • 36

    predicate adjective

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • adjective following a verb of being and which modifies the subject

    解説

  • 37

    comma splice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • run-on sentence created when two complete sentences are separated by a comma

    解説

  • 38

    phrase

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • group of related words used as a single part of speech and not containing a subject or verb

    解説

  • 39

    parallelism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • syntactical arrangement in similar grammatical form

    解説

  • 40

    context

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning

    解説

  • 41

    rhetorical question

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • question not designed to elicit response (answer usually no)

    解説

  • 42

    rhetorical triangle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • also known as the Aristotlean triangle and refers to audience, speaker, and purpose

    解説

  • 43

    interior monologue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • recording of internal, emotional experience of character down to non verbalized voice

    解説

  • 44

    predicate nominative

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • noun following a verb of being and which can change places with the subject

    解説

  • 45

    changes in attitude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a. identify a shift

    解説

  • 46

    logical fallacies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a. ad hominem argument- literally "to the man"; issue not addressed but directed against character personally

    解説

  • 47

    assumption

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • belief or statement taken for granted without proof

    解説

  • 48

    cause and effect relationship

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • link between situation and events

    解説

  • 49

    epigram

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • brief, witty statement

    解説

  • 50

    alliteration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • repetition of same sound or letter at beginning of consecutive words or syllables

    解説

  • 51

    logical fallacies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • b. begging the question-assumes something to be true that needs proof. The arguer uses as proof the very argument that needs proving

    解説

  • 52

    logical fallacies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • f. hasty generalizations- uses too few of the examples needed to reach a valid conclusion

    解説

  • 53

    elegiac

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mournful over what has passed or been lost; often used to describe tone

    解説

  • 54

    fragment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • group of words that does not express a complete thought

    解説

  • 55

    paradox

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • seemingly contradictory statement

    解説

  • 56

    logos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Greek term that means appeal to logic; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical modes, others being ethos and pathos

    解説

  • 57

    periodic sentence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sentence that builds toward and ends with, the main clause

    解説

  • 58

    deduction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reasoning from the general to the specefic

    解説

  • 59

    mood

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • indicative (statement of fact), interpretative (request or command), or subjective (wish or conditions contrary to fact)

    解説

  • 60

    extended definition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • extension and example; elaboration

    解説

  • 61

    synthesize

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • combining or bringing together two or more elements to produce something more complex

    解説

  • 62

    hyperbole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • exaggeration for the purpose of emphasis

    解説

  • 63

    imagery

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • synonymous with figurative language, specifically appeals to the five sensed

    解説

  • 64

    defend, challenge, or qualify

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • most sophisticated response to literary analysis

    解説

  • 65

    anaphora

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • repetition of words at beginning of successive clauses

    解説

  • 66

    syntax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sentence structure

    解説

  • 67

    metonymy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • use of an aspect of something to represent the whole

    解説

  • 68

    explication of text

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • explanation of a text's meaning through analysis of all its constituent parts or literary devices; close reading

    解説

  • 69

    repetiton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reiteration of a word, sound, phrase, or idea

    解説

  • 70

    personification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • attribution of living characteristics to inanimate objects

    解説

  • 71

    sentence structure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • form, arrangement, sequence; syntax

    解説

  • 72

    logical fallacies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • g. circular reasoning or post hoc ergo propter hoc- attempts to prove something by showing that because a second event followed a first event, the second event is a result of the first event

    解説

  • 73

    logical fallacies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • d. emotionally charged terminology- uses vocabulary carrying strong connotative meaning, either positive or negative

    解説

  • 74

    logical fallacies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • e. either/or fallacy- similar to false dilemma in that the argument does not allow for shades of meaning, compromise, or intermediate cases

    解説

  • 75

    subordination

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dependence of one syntactical element on another in a sentence

    解説

  • 76

    syllogism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • formula for presenting an argument logically; shape of an argument

    解説

  • 77

    rhetorical devices

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • techniques author uses to persuade or to argue

    解説

  • 78

    premise (major or minor)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Two parts of a syllogism. Major premise predicate; minor premise contains subject

    解説

  • 79

    ethos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Greek term for referring to character of a person; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals, others being pathos and logos

    解説

  • 80

    analogy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • extended comparison between two seemingly dissimilar things

    解説

  • 81

    bias

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bias or predisposition toward one side of a subject or issue

    解説

  • 82

    argument

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • statement put forth and supported by evidence

    解説

  • 83

    anecdote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • short account of interesting event

    解説

  • 84

    irony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • verbal, dramatic, or situational

    解説

  • 85

    persona

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • speaker, voice, or character assumed by author of a piece of writing

    解説

  • 86

    induction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reasoning from specefic to general

    解説

  • 87

    figurative language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • understatement, allusion (as examples of figurative language)

    解説

  • 88

    complexity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • multi-leveled understanding and expression (ambiguity)

    解説

  • 89

    juxtaposition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • placement of two things side by side for emphasis

    解説

  • 90

    logical fallacies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • h. straw man- involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position

    解説

  • 91

    assertion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • emphatic statement or declaration.If assertion is supported by evidence, then it becomes an argument.

    解説

  • 92

    counterargument

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a challenge to a position; an opposing argument

    解説

  • 93

    point of view

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vantage point from which author writes; attitude

    解説

  • 94

    unifying image

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • single symbol or image carried through literary selection

    解説

  • 95

    changes in attitude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • c. decide what what the author believes

    解説

  • 96

    asyndenton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • leaving out conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses

    解説

  • 97

    consistent control

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • student's facility and coherence; ease or fluency

    解説

  • 98

    cite

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to identify a part of a piece of writing as being derived from a source

    解説

  • 99

    thesis statement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • central idea in a work; may be explicit or implicit

    解説

  • 100

    narrative elements

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • devices by which author presents selection: direct, indirect discourse, stream-of-consciousness writing, etc. Also flashbacks, foreshadowing, allegory.

    解説

  • 101

    propoganda

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • negative term for writing designed to sway opinion rather than present information

    解説

  • 102

    observation, experience, reading

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (emphasize reading)

    解説

  • 103

    understatement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lack of emphasis in statement or point; restraint in language often used for ironic effect

    解説

  • 104

    thesis/antithesis figure of speech

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • assertion of fact or opinion juxtaposed to contrasting words or thoughts; paradoxical and syntacical

    解説

  • 105

    tone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • author's attitude toward subject; formal, informal, intimate, solemn, playful, etc.

    解説

  • 106

    pronoun

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • word used in place of one or more nouns (personal, relative, interrogative, demonstrative, indefinite, intensive, reflexive, possessive.)

    解説

  • 107

    ellipsis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • three spaced periods to indicate onission of words or phrases (four if end of sentence)

    解説

  • 108

    logical fallacies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • c. false dilemma- uses a premise that presents a choice which does not include all the possibilities

    解説

  • 109

    appositive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a noun or pronoun that identifies the preceding noun

    解説

  • 110

    connotation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • relative to diction; word choice conveys emotional meaning of word

    解説

  • 111

    euphemism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • emotionally positive expression

    解説

  • 112

    complex attitude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ambiguity, complexity; ability to see more than single side or level of interperetation

    解説

  • 113

    omniscient narrator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an all-knowing, usually third person narrator

    解説

  • 114

    changes in attitude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • d. determine the atmosphere/mood

    解説

  • 115

    changes in attitude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • e. determine tone/attitde

    解説

  • 116

    rhyme

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • correspondence of sound

    解説

  • 117

    parody

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • piece that imitates and exaggerates the prominent features of another; used for comic effect of ridicule

    解説

  • 118

    style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • includes, diction, imagery, rhythm, repetition, coherence

    解説

  • 119

    digression

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lack of control in student writing; incoherence; sometimes the appearance of digression is a deliberately used stylistic device

    解説

  • 120

    figure of speech

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • expression that strives for literary effect rather than conveying a literal effect

    解説

  • 121

    agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a verb agrees with its subject in number; pronoun agrees with antecedent in number and gender

    解説

  • 122

    satire

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • blend of censorious attitude with humor and wit; end result is improvement of human situations

    解説

  • 123

    common ground

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • shared beliefs, values, or positions

    解説

  • 124

    pronoun reference

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • word to which pronoun refers

    解説

  • 125

    dialogue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • interplay of words and ideas among characters

    解説

  • 126

    aphorism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • short, astute statement of a general truth

    解説

  • 127

    syntax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the order and arrangement of words

    解説

  • 128

    organization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • structure of passage

    解説

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