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AP English Rhetorical Terms (Set 1)

カード 20枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • Abstract

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  • 1

    Abstract

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • designating qualities of characteristics apart from specific objects or events: it is the opposite of concrete.

    解説

  • 2

    Anaphora (an-NAF-ruh)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one of the devices of repetition in which the same expression (word or words) is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses or sentences.

    解説

  • 3

    Apostrophe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a figure of speech in which someone (usually, but not always absent), some abstract quality or a nonexistent personage is directly addressed as though present.

    解説

  • 4

    Antithesis (an-TIH-theh-sis)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A direct juxtaposition of structurally parallel words, phrases, or clauses for the purpose of contrast.

    解説

  • 5

    Call to Action

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Writing that urges people to action or promotes change.

    解説

  • 6

    Balanced Sentence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Phrases or clauses which balance each other by likeness of structure, meaning and length.

    解説

  • 7

    Anticipating Audience Response

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Anticipating audience response is a rhetorical technique often used to convince an audience is that of anticipating and stating the arguments that one's opponent is likely to give and then answering these arguments even before the opponent has had a chance to voice them.

    解説

  • 8

    Assonance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The repetition of accented vowel sounds in a series of words.

    解説

  • 9

    Cacophony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • harsh joining of sounds.

    解説

  • 10

    Alliteration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the repetition of initial identical consonant sounds or any vowel sounds in successive or closely associated syllables

    解説

  • 11

    Characterization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the techniques used to create and reveal fictional personalities in a work of literature

    解説

  • 12

    Analogy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a process of reasoning that assumes if the two subjects share a number of specific observable qualities then they may be expected to share qualities that have not been observed.

    解説

  • 13

    Aphorism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a concise statement of a principle or precept given in pointed words.

    解説

  • 14

    Antimetabole (an'-ti-me-ta'-bo-lee)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Repetition of words, in successive clauses, in reverse grammatical order.

    解説

  • 15

    Anastrophe (an-as'-tro-phee)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the inversion of the usual order of the parts of a sentence.

    解説

  • 16

    Allegory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a narrative, either in verse or prose, in which character, action and sometimes setting represent abstract concepts apart from the literal meaning of a story.

    解説

  • 17

    Asyndeton (a-SIN-dih-tawn)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The deliberate omission of conjunctions in a series of related clauses.

    解説

  • 18

    Chiasmus (ki-AZ-mus)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "A type of balance in which the second part of the sentence is balanced against the first but with the part reversed (from the Greek letter chi [X]) But O, what damned minutes tells he o'er Who dotes, yet doubts; suspects, yet strong loves. —Shakespeare, Othello 3.3"

    解説

  • 19

    Cliché

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a timeworn expression that through overuse has lost its power to evoke concrete images.

    解説

  • 20

    Allusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a brief reference to a real or fictional person, place, event, or work of art

    解説

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