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AP English Rhetorical Terms (Set 4)

カード 27枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • Personification

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  • 1

    Personification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "attributing human characteristics to nonhuman things EX: ""The wind whispers through the trees."""

    解説

  • 2

    Rhetorical question

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "a question asked solely to produce and effect and not to elicit a reply EX: ""When will I ever learn?"""

    解説

  • 3

    Syntax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the pattern or structure of the word order in a sentence or phrase: the study of grammatical structure

    解説

  • 4

    Protagonist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the central character of a drama, novel, short story, or narrative poem

    解説

  • 5

    Setting

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the time and place in which events in a short story novel, play, or narrative poem take place

    解説

  • 6

    Synecdoche (sih-NECK-duh-kee)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "a type of figurative language in which the whole is used in place of the part or the part is used in place of the whole EX: ""Give us this day our daily bread."" -- Matthew 6:11 Note: In this case, the part (bread) stands in for the whole (food and perhaps other necessities of life)"

    解説

  • 7

    Repetition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reiterating a word or phrase, or rewording the same idea, to secure emphasis

    解説

  • 8

    Simile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "a figure of speech involving a comparison using like or as EX: ""She is as lovely as a summer's day"""

    解説

  • 9

    Polysyndeton (paulee-SIN-dih-tawn)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "the repetition of conjunctions in close succession for rhetorical effect EX: ""Here and there and everywhere."""

    解説

  • 10

    Stichomythia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "dialogue in which the endings and beginnings of each line echo each other, taking on a new meaning with each new line EX: from Shakespeare's Hamlet:"

    解説

  • 11

    Style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the author's characteristic manner of expression

    解説

  • 12

    Spin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "twist and turn so as to give an intended interpretation EX: ""The President's spokesmen had to spin the story to make it less embarrassing"""

    解説

  • 13

    Prosody

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the study of sound and rhythm in poetry

    解説

  • 14

    Symploce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "repetition of the first and last words in a clause over successive clauses (combines anaphora and epistrophe) EX: ""Much of what I say might sound bitter, but it's the truth. Much of what I say might sound like it's stirring up trouble, but it's the truth. Much of what I say might sound like it is hate, but it's the truth."" -- Malcolm X"

    解説

  • 15

    Symbol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • something concrete (such as an object, person, place, or event) that stands for or represents something abstract (such as an idea, quality, concept, or condition)

    解説

  • 16

    Syllepsis (a type of zeugma)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "occurs when a single word that governs or modifies two or more others must be understood differently with respect to each of those words. A combination of grammatical parallelism and semantic incongruity, often with a witty or comical effect. EX: [a] He grabbed his hat from the rack by the stairs and a kiss from the lips of his wife. [b] She stole his heart and his car on their first date."

    解説

  • 17

    Shift or Turn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a change or movement in a piece resulting from an epiphany, realization, or insight gained by the speaker, a character, or the reader

    解説

  • 18

    Voice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the implied personality the author chooses to adopt

    解説

  • 19

    Tone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the attitude of the writer or speaker toward his subject

    解説

  • 20

    Syllogism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "a particular kind of argument containing three categorical propositions, two of them premises, one a conclusion. Logical form allows one to substitute subjects and predicates for letters (variables). EX: If all humans are mortal, and all Greeks are humans, then all Greeks are mortal."

    解説

  • 21

    Point of view

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the vantage point from which the author presents the actions of the story.

    解説

  • 22

    Rhetorical fragment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • incomplete sentence used deliberately for persuasive purpose

    解説

  • 23

    Zeugma (zoog'-ma)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "A general term describing when one part of speech (most often the main verb, but sometimes a noun) governs two or more other parts of a sentence (often in a series). EX: [a] Mr. Glowry was horror-struck by the sight of a round, ruddy face and a pair of laughing eyes. [b] The little baby from his crib, the screaming lady off the roof, and the man from the flooded basement were all rescued."

    解説

  • 24

    Sarcasm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "the use of verbal irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it. EX: ""As I fell down the stairs headfirst, I heard her say, 'Look at that coordination.'"""

    解説

  • 25

    Rhyme

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the repetition of sounds in two or more words or phrases that appear close to each other

    解説

  • 26

    Pun

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "a play on words that are identical or similar in sound but have sharply diverse meanings. EX: When Mercutio is bleeding to death in Romeo and Juliet, he says to his friends, ""Ask for me tomorrow, and you shall find a grave man"""

    解説

  • 27

    Satire

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a technique that points out the fallacies in both people and societal institutions, using iron wit and exaggeration

    解説

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