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Logical Fallacies AP English

カード 18枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • Ad Homineum Fallacy

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  • 1

    Ad Homineum Fallacy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to the man; a person's character is attacked instead of his argument

    解説

  • 2

    Straw Man

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when a person ignores a person's actual position and substitutes a distorted, exaggerated, or misrepresented version of that position

    解説

  • 3

    Oversimplification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tendency to provide simple solutions to complex problems

    解説

  • 4

    Pedantry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • narrow-minded, trivial scholarship or arbitrary adherence to rules and forms

    解説

  • 5

    Post Hoc. Ergo Propter Hoc.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • after this, therefore because of this; assuming that an incident that precedes another is the cause of the second incident

    解説

  • 6

    Circular Reasoning

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • using two ideas to prove each other

    解説

  • 7

    Either/Or Fallacy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tendency to see an issue as having ONLY two sides

    解説

  • 8

    Poisoning the Well

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • discrediting what a person might later claim by presenting unfavorable information in advance

    解説

  • 9

    Ad Populum Fallacy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to the crowd; a misconception that a widespread occurrence of something is assumed to make it right or wrong

    解説

  • 10

    Begging the Question

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • assuming in a premise that which need to be proven

    解説

  • 11

    Non Sequitur

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • it does not follow; an inference or conclusion that does not follow from the established premises/evidence

    解説

  • 12

    Biased Sample

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • conclusions drawn based upon a biased or prejudiced sample of evidence

    解説

  • 13

    False Analogy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • making a misleading comparison between logically unconnected ideas

    解説

  • 14

    Bandwagon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • threat of rejection is substituted for evidence, desire to conform to beliefs of a group

    解説

  • 15

    Slippery Slope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an assertion that some event must inevitably follow without any argument for the inevitablility

    解説

  • 16

    Guilt by Association

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • claim is rejected because disliked people accept the claim

    解説

  • 17

    False Dilemma

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • committed when too few of the alternative are considered and all but one are assessed and deemed impossible or unacceptable

    解説

  • 18

    Loaded Words

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • using higly connotative words to describe favorably or unfavorably without justification

    解説

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