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AP English Language Vocabulary

カード 66枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • Ad Hominem Argument

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  • 1

    Ad Hominem Argument

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Attacks the opposing speaker or another person rather than addressing the issues at hand

    解説

  • 2

    Euphemism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A mild or pleasant sounding expression that substitutes for a harsh, indelicate, or simply less pleasant idea

    解説

  • 3

    Ambiguity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Uncertain or indefinite; subject to more than one interpretation

    解説

  • 4

    Parallelism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A literary technique that relies on the use of the same syntactical structures

    解説

  • 5

    Hyperbole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used to achieve emphasis

    解説

  • 6

    Antithesis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An opposition or contrast of ideas that is often expressed in balanced phrases or clauses

    解説

  • 7

    Paradox

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A seeming contradiction that in fact reveals some truth

    解説

  • 8

    Atmosphere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The emotional feeling -or mood- of a place, scene, or event

    解説

  • 9

    Selection of Detail

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The specific words, incidents, images, or events the author uses to create a scene or narrative

    解説

  • 10

    Analogy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The correspondence or resemblance between two things that are essentially different

    解説

  • 11

    Alliteration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The repetition of consonant sounds, usually at the beginning of words

    解説

  • 12

    Logos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The use of reason as a controlling principle in an argument

    解説

  • 13

    Apostrophe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A figure of speech in which an absent person or personified object is addressed by a speaker

    解説

  • 14

    Contrast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Oppositions

    解説

  • 15

    Symbol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Something that stands for something else

    解説

  • 16

    Allegory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fictional work in which the characters represent ideas or concepts

    解説

  • 17

    Parody

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An effort to ridicule or make fun of a literary work or an author by writing a comic imitation of the work

    解説

  • 18

    Didactic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Writing which has the purpose of teaching or instructing

    解説

  • 19

    Satire

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • To ridicule or mock ideas, persons, events, or doctrines

    解説

  • 20

    Appositive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A word or phrase that follow a noun or pronoun for emphasis or clarity

    解説

  • 21

    Elegy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A work that expresses sorrow

    解説

  • 22

    Assonance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A type of internal rhyming in which vowel souds are repeated

    解説

  • 23

    Pathos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A sympathetic feeling of pity or compassion evoked by an artistic work

    解説

  • 24

    Anecdote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A short story used to illustrate a point the author is making

    解説

  • 25

    Understatement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • When an author assigns less significance to an event or thing than it deserves

    解説

  • 26

    Tension

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A feeling excitement and expectation the reader or audience feels because of the conflict, mood, or atmosphere of the work

    解説

  • 27

    Rhetorical Devices

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The specific language tools that an author uses to carry out a rhetorical strategy (diction, imagery, or syntax)

    解説

  • 28

    Syllogism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A form of deductive reasoning in which pieces of evidence are used to create a new conclusion

    解説

  • 29

    Repetition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The reiteration of a word or phrase for emphasis

    解説

  • 30

    Syntax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The way words are arranged in a sentence

    解説

  • 31

    Deductive Argument

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The process of moving from a general rule to a specific example

    解説

  • 32

    Allusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A reference, usually oblique or faint, to another thing, idea, or person

    解説

  • 33

    Tone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Attitude

    解説

  • 34

    Pun

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A play on words

    解説

  • 35

    Colloquial Language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Slang or common language that is informal

    解説

  • 36

    Juxtaposition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • When two contrasting things are placed next to each other for comparison

    解説

  • 37

    Rhetorical Strategy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The way an author organizes words, sentences, and overall argument in order to achieve a particular purpose

    解説

  • 38

    Simile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A commonly used figure of speech that compares one thing with another using the words "like" or "as"

    解説

  • 39

    Synonym

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A word that has the same, or nearly the same, meaning as another word

    解説

  • 40

    Onomatopoeia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An effect created by words that have sounds that reinforce their meaning

    解説

  • 41

    Ellipses

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Indicated by a series of three periods; shows that words have been omitted

    解説

  • 42

    Zeugma

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • When a word is used with two adjacent words in the same construction, but only makes literal sense with one of them

    解説

  • 43

    Exposition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Writing or speech that is organized to explain

    解説

  • 44

    Periodic Sentence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Presents the main clause at the end of the sentence, for emphasis

    解説

  • 45

    Rhetorical Question

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A question that is asked for the sake of argument

    解説

  • 46

    Figurative Language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • All uses of language that imply an imaginative comparison

    解説

  • 47

    Ethos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Refers to generally ethics, or values

    解説

  • 48

    Irony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • When a situation produces and outcome that is the opposite of what is expected

    解説

  • 49

    Oxymoron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Two contradictory words in one expression

    解説

  • 50

    Foreshadowing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A purposeful hint placed in a work of literature to suggest what may occur later in the narrative

    解説

  • 51

    Point of View

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The particular perspective from which a story is told

    解説

  • 52

    Speaker

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The narrator of a story, poem, or drama

    解説

  • 53

    Connotative

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The interpretive level of a word based on associated images rather than the literal meaning

    解説

  • 54

    Asyndeton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • When the conjunctions (such as "and" or "but") that would normally connect a string of words, phrases, or clauses are omitted from a sentence

    解説

  • 55

    Persona

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The character created by the voice and narration of the speaker of a text

    解説

  • 56

    Rhetoric

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The art and logic of a written or spoken argument to persuade, to analyze, or to expose

    解説

  • 57

    Metonymy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it

    解説

  • 58

    Mood

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The prevailing or dominant feeling of a work, scene, or event

    解説

  • 59

    Antecedent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Every pronoun refers back to a previous noun or pronoun

    解説

  • 60

    Personification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A figure of speech in which ideas or objects are described as having human qualities or personalities

    解説

  • 61

    Inductive Argument

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Creating a case by providing specific examples and drawing a conclusion based on the evidence they provide

    解説

  • 62

    Diction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An author's choice of words

    解説

  • 63

    Theme

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The central idea

    解説

  • 64

    Metaphor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared directly

    解説

  • 65

    Attitude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The feelings of a particular speaker or piece of writing toward a subject, person, or idea

    解説

  • 66

    Imagery

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A mental picture that is conjured by specific words and associations

    解説

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