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AP English Lit Extreme Words

カード 58枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • alliteration

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  • 1

    alliteration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the reoccurance of intial constant sounds

    解説

  • 2

    euphemism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the substitution of a mild or less negative word or phrase for a harsh or blunt one

    解説

  • 3

    assonance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sequence of nearby words

    解説

  • 4

    anacoluthon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an abrupt change within a sentence from one syntactic structure to another

    解説

  • 5

    juxtaposition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • place two items side by side to create an effect, reveal an attitude, or accomplish a purpose

    解説

  • 6

    metonymy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the substitution of one term for another that is generally associated with it

    解説

  • 7

    paraprosdokian

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • surprise or unexpected ending of a phrase or series.

    解説

  • 8

    syllogism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises

    解説

  • 9

    anastrophe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the reversal of the normal order of words

    解説

  • 10

    Parison

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • correspondence of words within successes or

    解説

  • 11

    epithet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • phrase describing a prominent feature of a person or thing. "Lying, dark sea"

    解説

  • 12

    polysyndenton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lots of conjunctions

    解説

  • 13

    post hoc reasoning

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "because one event follows another, the first must be the cause of the second or assuming that one event was caused by another simply because the events were close to each other in time"

    解説

  • 14

    synaesthesia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the use of one kind of sensory experience to describe another, Thirst for viewing paintings, Heard melodies are sweet (John Keats)

    解説

  • 15

    synecdoche

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a form of metonymy in which a part of an entity is used to refer to the whole, eg wheels to a car, sails to a boat, suits to businessmen

    解説

  • 16

    consonance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • repetition of consonant sounds

    解説

  • 17

    prolepsis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the anticipation, in adjectives or nouns, of the result of the action of a verb; also, the positioning of a relative clause before its antecedent

    解説

  • 18

    ellipses

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • shows that words have been omitted (...)

    解説

  • 19

    mixed metaphor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "combination of metaphors producing contradictory images The company left mountains of debt in its wake"

    解説

  • 20

    red herring

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • any diversion intended to distract attention from the main issue

    解説

  • 21

    antithesis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas to give a feeling of balance

    解説

  • 22

    hasty generalization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • drawing conclusions based on insufficient or unrepresentative evidence

    解説

  • 23

    aphorism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • concise statement of insight or wisdom, Early to bed, early to rise

    解説

  • 24

    cacophony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the clash of discordant or harsh sounds within a sentence or phrase

    解説

  • 25

    antistrophe/epistrophe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A repetition of a word or phrases at the end of a line

    解説

  • 26

    syncrisis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reframes/redefines argument (It's not this, it's that)

    解説

  • 27

    aposiopesis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when the speaker or writer deliberately stops short and leaves something unexpressed, but yet obvious, to be supplied by the imagination

    解説

  • 28

    anapest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Two short syllables followed by a long one; two unstressed and a stressed

    解説

  • 29

    anachronism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time

    解説

  • 30

    tragic flaw

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the character flaw or error of a tragic hero that leads to his downfall

    解説

  • 31

    asyndenton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • conjunctions are omitted, producing a fast paced and rapid prose

    解説

  • 32

    euphony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds

    解説

  • 33

    apostrophe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Addressing something that cannot answer, eg tombstone

    解説

  • 34

    Atanaclasis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "pun in which one word is repeated in two different senses Argument is sound, all sound"

    解説

  • 35

    anadiplosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • repetition of the final words of a sentence or line at the beginning of the next

    解説

  • 36

    syntax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences

    解説

  • 37

    Irony - situational

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • what is expected to happen is different than the outcome

    解説

  • 38

    Irony - dramatic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the audience or reader knows something that the characters do not

    解説

  • 39

    anthimeria

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "type of pun in which one part of speech is substituted for another The thunder would not peace at my bidding (King Lear)"

    解説

  • 40

    ad hominem attacks

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • making personal attacks instead of sticking to the argument

    解説

  • 41

    conceit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor

    解説

  • 42

    tautology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • needless repetition of an idea by using different but equivalent words; a redundancy

    解説

  • 43

    archaism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The use of deliberately old-fashioned language.

    解説

  • 44

    zeugma

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • When a word is used with two adjacent words in the same construction, but only makes literal sense with one of them

    解説

  • 45

    epanalepsis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "repeats the beginning word of a clause or sentence at the end To each the boulders that have fallen to each (Robert Frost)"

    解説

  • 46

    isocolon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "corresponding clauses are exactly equal in length I think your wife be honest and thinks she is not, and thou art just when thou thinks you are not"

    解説

  • 47

    syllepsis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a construction in which one word is used in two different senses

    解説

  • 48

    direct address

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • speaking directly to the audience

    解説

  • 49

    litotes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a form of understatement in which a statement is affirmed by negating its opposite

    解説

  • 50

    logos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an appeal based on logic or reason

    解説

  • 51

    Irony - verbal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • use of a statement that, by context, implies its opposite

    解説

  • 52

    ethos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The appeal of a text to the credibility and character of the speaker, writer, or narrator

    解説

  • 53

    allegory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • narrative in which literal meaning corresponds directly to symbolic meaning

    解説

  • 54

    diazeugma

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a single subject governs several verbs or verbal constructions (opposite of zeugma)

    解説

  • 55

    chiasmus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed ("Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary.")

    解説

  • 56

    pathos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • quality in literature that evokes high emotion, sorrow, pity

    解説

  • 57

    anaphora

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • repetition of word(s) for meaning at the beginning of consecutive sentences

    解説

  • 58

    bildungsroman

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A novel or story whose theme is the moral or psychological growth of the main character.

    解説

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