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AP English Literature: Literary Terms

カード 132枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/12/10)

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  • 1

    Description

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the picturing in words of something or someone through detailed observation of color, motion, sound, taste, smell, and touch; one of the four modes of discourse

    解説

  • 2

    Ode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a lyric poem in the form of an address to a particular subject, often elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter

    解説

  • 3

    Point of View

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the perspective from which a story is presented

    解説

  • 4

    Parallelism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the use of successive verbal constructions in poetry or prose that correspond in grammatical structure, sound, meter, meaning

    解説

  • 5

    Regionalism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an element in literature that conveys a realistic portrayal of a specific geographical locale, using the locale and its influences as a major part of the plot

    解説

  • 6

    Refrain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • repeated line or number of lines in a poem or song, typically at the end of each verse

    解説

  • 7

    Style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an author's characteristic manner of expression

    解説

  • 8

    Narration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the action or process of narrating a story

    解説

  • 9

    Pentameter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Five feet

    解説

  • 10

    End Rhyme

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a rhyme that comes at the end of lines of poetry

    解説

  • 11

    Dissonance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the grating of sounds that are harsh or do not go together

    解説

  • 12

    Epithets

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Brief, descriptive phrases used to characterize people or things

    解説

  • 13

    Euphony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the quality of being pleasing to the ear through a harmonious combination of words

    解説

  • 14

    Cinquain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Five lines

    解説

  • 15

    Chorus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a group of performers, in Greek drama, who comment on the main action, typically speaking and moving together.

    解説

  • 16

    Mood

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • similar to tone, it is the primary emotional attitude of a work

    解説

  • 17

    Villanelle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a lyric poem consisting of five tercets ad a final question

    解説

  • 18

    Inversion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reversal of the normal order of words, typically for rhetorical effect but also found in the regular formation of questions in English

    解説

  • 19

    Heptameter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Seven feet

    解説

  • 20

    Ballad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a long narrative poem or song narrating a single story, which is often tragic or violent, in short stanzas.

    解説

  • 21

    Syntax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the word choice of diction

    解説

  • 22

    Diction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • word choice; also called syntax

    解説

  • 23

    Irony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect

    解説

  • 24

    Metonymy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant

    解説

  • 25

    Trochee

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a foot consisting of one long or stressed syllable followed by one short or unstressed syllable; in-jure and con-stant

    解説

  • 26

    Sestet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Six lines

    解説

  • 27

    Trimeter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Three feet

    解説

  • 28

    Pastoral

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a work of literature portraying or evoking country life, typically in a romanticized or idealized form

    解説

  • 29

    Meter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of peotry

    解説

  • 30

    Hyperbole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally

    解説

  • 31

    Allusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an expression designed to bring something to mind without mentioning it plainly

    解説

  • 32

    Conceit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a fanciful expression in writing or speech; an elaborate metaphor

    解説

  • 33

    Naturalism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 19th-century artistic and literary movement, influenced by contemporary ideas of science and society, that rejected the idealization of experience and adopted an objective and often uncompromisingly realistic approach to art.

    解説

  • 34

    Tercet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • three lines, usually having the same rhyme

    解説

  • 35

    Alliteration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

    解説

  • 36

    Personification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman

    解説

  • 37

    Anapest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a metrical foot consisting of two short or unstressed syllables followed by one long or stressed syllable; in-ter-rupt

    解説

  • 38

    Catharsis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions.

    解説

  • 39

    Speaker

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the voice of a poem; an author may speak as himself or herself or as a fictional character

    解説

  • 40

    Spondee

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a foot consisting of two long or stressed syllables; hodge-podge

    解説

  • 41

    Quatrain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Four lines

    解説

  • 42

    Tetrameter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Four feet

    解説

  • 43

    Sonnet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line

    解説

  • 44

    Classicism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the following of ancient Greek or Roman principles and style in art and literature, generally associated with harmony, restraint, and adherence to recognized standards of form and craftsmanship

    解説

  • 45

    Realism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • late 19th-century movement that meant to portray and focus on simple and unidealized treatment of contemporary life

    解説

  • 46

    Conundrum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a riddle whose answer is or involves a pun; may also be a paradox or difficult problem

    解説

  • 47

    Apostrophe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an exclamatory passage in a speech or poem addressed to a person or thing

    解説

  • 48

    Subjectivity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • based on or influenced by the authors personal feelings, tastes, or opinion

    解説

  • 49

    Parable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson, as told by Jesus in the Gospels

    解説

  • 50

    Hubris

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in Greek tragedies, excessive pride toward or defiance of the gods, leading to nemesis

    解説

  • 51

    Tone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the characteristic emotion of attitude of an author toward the characters, subject, and audience

    解説

  • 52

    Paradox

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a statement or proposition that leads to a conclusion that seems senseless, logically unacceptable, or self-contradictory

    解説

  • 53

    Hexameter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Six feet

    解説

  • 54

    Exposition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the part of a play or work of fiction in which the background to the main conflict is introduced and revealed

    解説

  • 55

    Discourse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • written or spoken language and literary works

    解説

  • 56

    Dimeter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Two feet

    解説

  • 57

    Foreshadowing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • be a warning or indication of a future event in a story

    解説

  • 58

    Voice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the way a written work conveys an author's atittude

    解説

  • 59

    Dactyl

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a metrical foot consisting of one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables or one long syllable followed by two short syllables; beau-ti-ful

    解説

  • 60

    Petrarchan Sonnet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one of the most important types of sonnets, composed of an octave with abba abba rhyme scheme and ending in a sestet with cde cde rhyme scheme; also called an Italian sonnet

    解説

  • 61

    Aphorism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a witty observation that contains a general truth about life, such as, "if it ain't broke, don't fix it."

    解説

  • 62

    Stock Character

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a standard character who may be stereotyped such as the miser or fool

    解説

  • 63

    Persuasion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a mode of discourse in which the action or fact of persuading someone or of being persuaded to do or believe something

    解説

  • 64

    Anachronism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists; something that is old-fashioned

    解説

  • 65

    Metaphor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable

    解説

  • 66

    Lyric

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • expressing the writer's emotions, usually short and briefly and in stanzas or recognized form

    解説

  • 67

    Masculine Ryhme

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the rhyme sound is the last syllable of a line

    解説

  • 68

    Allegory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one

    解説

  • 69

    Rhythm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Four strong beats; "To err is human forgive, divine"

    解説

  • 70

    Colloquialism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a word or phrase that is not formal or literary, typically one used in ordinary or familiar conversation.

    解説

  • 71

    Sarcasm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the use of irony to mock or convey contempt

    解説

  • 72

    Aside

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play.

    解説

  • 73

    Figurative Language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • language that contains figures of speech such as similes and metaphors in order to create associations that are imaginative rather than literal

    解説

  • 74

    Stereotype

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing

    解説

  • 75

    Myth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a traditional story, concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events

    解説

  • 76

    Genre

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a category of literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter

    解説

  • 77

    Assonance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel in non-rhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for an echo effect

    解説

  • 78

    Kenning

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Two word poetic renaming; sea-paths (rivers); Lord of life, Ruler of glory (God)

    解説

  • 79

    Figures of Speech

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • expressions such as similes, metaphors, and personifications that make imaginative, rather than literal, comparisons or asscociatons

    解説

  • 80

    Mode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the method or form of a literary work: a manner in which a work of literature is written

    解説

  • 81

    Tragic Flaw

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the one weakness that causes the downfall of the hero in a tragedy

    解説

  • 82

    Octave

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Eight lines

    解説

  • 83

    Farce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a comic dramatic work using buffoonery and horseplay and typically including crude characterization and ludicrously improbable situations

    解説

  • 84

    Free Verse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • poetry that is written without a regular meter, usually without ryme

    解説

  • 85

    Imagery

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • visually descriptive or figurative language in a literary work

    解説

  • 86

    Periodic Sentence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a sentence that is not grammatically complete until it's last phrase

    解説

  • 87

    Analogy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification

    解説

  • 88

    Burlesque

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an absurd or comically exaggerated imitation of something in a literary or dramatic work; a parody

    解説

  • 89

    Oxymoron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction

    解説

  • 90

    Epigram

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a pithy saying or remark expressing an idea in a clever and amusing way; a short poem having a witty or ingenious ending

    解説

  • 91

    Parody

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect

    解説

  • 92

    Symbolism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the use of symbols to represent both literal and representative ideas or qualities with a more complex significance

    解説

  • 93

    Protagonist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the leading character or one of the major characters in a literary work

    解説

  • 94

    Monometer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • One foot

    解説

  • 95

    Stream of Consciousness Narrator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • similar to first person, but places the reader in the character's head

    解説

  • 96

    Omniscient Narrator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a third person narrator who is able to see into other character's minds and understand all their actions

    解説

  • 97

    Caesura

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a break between words within a metrical foot; "To err is human forgive, divine"

    解説

  • 98

    Soliloquy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play

    解説

  • 99

    Caricature

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a picture, description, or imitation of a person or thing in which certain striking characteristics are exaggerated in order to create a comic or grotesque effect

    解説

  • 100

    Feminine Ryhme

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the accented syllable is followed by an unaccented syllable

    解説

  • 101

    Humor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • anything that causes laughter or amusement

    解説

  • 102

    Blank Verse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter; often found in Shakespeare's works

    解説

  • 103

    Couplet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the simplest stanza, consisting of two rhymed lines

    解説

  • 104

    First Person Narrator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • character in a story who relates their actions and thoughts through his or her perspective

    解説

  • 105

    Theme

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the central idea or message of a literary work

    解説

  • 106

    Consonance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the recurrence of similar sounds, such as consonants, in close proximity

    解説

  • 107

    Iamb

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a metrical foot consisting of one short unstressed syllable followed by one long stressed syllable; dis-turb

    解説

  • 108

    Interior Monologue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • writing that records the conversation that occurs inside a character's head

    解説

  • 109

    Foot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the combination of stressed and unstressed syllables that makes up the basic rhythmic unit of a line of poetry

    解説

  • 110

    Limited Omniscient Narrator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a third person narrator who only reports the thoughts of one character and generally only what the one character sees

    解説

  • 111

    Simile

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid

    解説

  • 112

    Internal Rhyme

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a rhyme occurring within a line of poetry

    解説

  • 113

    Rhyme

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a similarity of accented sounds between two words

    解説

  • 114

    Objectivity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an impersonal presentation of events and characters

    解説

  • 115

    Foil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a character who, by contrast, highlights the characteristics of another character

    解説

  • 116

    Suspension of Disbelief

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the demand made of a theater audience to provide some details with their imagination and to accept the limitations of reality and staging; also the acceptance of the incident of the plot by the reader or audience

    解説

  • 117

    Epic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of a nation

    解説

  • 118

    Romanticism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual

    解説

  • 119

    Folklore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the traditional beliefs, customs, stories, and songs of a community, passed through the generations by word of mouth

    解説

  • 120

    Elegy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead

    解説

  • 121

    Loose Sentence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a sentence that is grammatically complete before its end

    解説

  • 122

    Cacophony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a harsh, discordant mixture of sounds; opposite of euphony

    解説

  • 123

    Anecdote

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person

    解説

  • 124

    Synecdoche

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa

    解説

  • 125

    Gothic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • referring to a type of novel that emerged in the eighteenth century that uses mystery, suspense, and sensational and supernatural occurrences to evoke terror

    解説

  • 126

    Literary Ballad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • also called an art ballad that imitates the form and spirit of the folk ballad, but is more polished and uses a higher level of poetic diction

    解説

  • 127

    Objective Narrator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a third person narrator who only reports what would be visible to a camera; thoughts and feelings are only revealed if the character speaks of them

    解説

  • 128

    Idyll

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a short description in verse or prose of a picturesque scene or incident, esp. in rustic life

    解説

  • 129

    Folk Ballad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Traditional ballads are typically of unknown authorship, having been passed on orally from one generation to the next as part of the folk culture.

    解説

  • 130

    Exemplum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a model moralizing or illustrative story

    解説

  • 131

    Onomatopoeia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named; cuckoo; sizzle

    解説

  • 132

    Stanza

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse

    解説

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