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Understanding Business Chapter 18

カード 33枚 作成者: Sean (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • Finance

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Finance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The function in a business that acquires funds for the firm and manages those funds within the firm.

    解説

  • 2

    Financial Management

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The job of managing a firm's resources so it can meet its goals and objectives.

    解説

  • 3

    Financial Managers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Managers who examine financial data prepared by accountants and recommend strategies for improving the financial performance of the firm.

    解説

  • 4

    Short-term forecast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Forecast that predicts revenues, costs, and expenses for a period of one year or less.

    解説

  • 5

    Cash Flow Forecast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Forecast that predicts the cash inflows and outflows in future periods, usually months or quarters.

    解説

  • 6

    Long-term Forecast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Forecast that predicts revenues, costs, and expenses for a period longer that 1 year, and sometimes as far as 5 or 10 years into the future.

    解説

  • 7

    Budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A financial plan that sets forth management's expectations and, on the basis of those expectations, allocates the use of specific resources throughout the firm.

    解説

  • 8

    Capital Budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A budget that highlights a firm's spending plans for major asset purchases that ofter require large sums of money.

    解説

  • 9

    Cash Budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A budget that estimates cash inflows and outflows during a particular period like a month or a quarter.

    解説

  • 10

    Operating (or master) Budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The budget that ties together the firm's other budgets and summarizes its proposed financial activities.

    解説

  • 11

    Financial Control

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A process in which a firm periodically compares its actual revenues, costs, and expenses with its budget.

    解説

  • 12

    Capital Expenditures

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Major investments in either tangible long-term assets such as land, buildings, and equipment or intangible assets such as patents, trademarks, and copyrights.

    解説

  • 13

    Debt Financing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Funds raised through various forms of borrowing that must be repaid.

    解説

  • 14

    Equity Financing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Money raised from within the firm, from operations or through the sale of ownership in the firm (stock or venture capital).

    解説

  • 15

    Short-term Financing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Funds needed for a year or less.

    解説

  • 16

    Long-term Financing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Funds needed for more than a year (usually 2 to 10 years).

    解説

  • 17

    Trade Credit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The practice of buying goods and services now and paying for them later.

    解説

  • 18

    Promissory Note

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A written contract with a promise to pay a supplier a specific sum of money at a definite time.

    解説

  • 19

    Secured Loan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A loan backed by collateral, something valuable such as property.

    解説

  • 20

    Unsecured Loan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A loan that doesn't require any collateral.

    解説

  • 21

    Line of Credit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A given amount of unsecured short-term funds a bank will lend to a business, provided the funds are readily available.

    解説

  • 22

    Revolving Credit Agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A line of credit that's guaranteed but usually comes with a fee.

    解説

  • 23

    Commercial Finance Companies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organizations that make short-term loans to borrows who offer tangible assets as collateral.

    解説

  • 24

    Factoring

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The process of selling accounts receivable for cash.

    解説

  • 25

    Commercial Paper

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Unsecured promissory notes of $100,000 and up that mature (come due) in 270 days or less.

    解説

  • 26

    Term-loan Agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A promissory note that requires the borrower to repay the loan in specified installments.

    解説

  • 27

    Risk/Return Trade-off

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The principle that the greater the risk a lender takes in making a loan, the higher the interest rate required.

    解説

  • 28

    Indenture Terms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The terms of agreement in a bond issue.

    解説

  • 29

    Secured Bond

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A bond issued with some form of collateral.

    解説

  • 30

    Unsecured Bond

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A bond backed only by the reputation of the issuer; also called a debenture bond.

    解説

  • 31

    Venture Capital

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Money that is invested in new or emerging companines that are perceived as having great profit potential.

    解説

  • 32

    Leverage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Raising needed funds through borrowing to increase a firm's rate of return.

    解説

  • 33

    Cost of Capital

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The rate of return a company must earn in order to meet the demands of its lenders and expectations of its equity holders.

    解説

57027

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