zuknow learn together

新しい教材を作成

Understanding Business - chapter 12

カード 31枚 作成者: Sean (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • union

解説面  クリックしてカードを裏返す

アプリをダウンロードして、このコンテンツを学習しよう! AppStore / Google Play

教材の説明:

詳細はありません

公開範囲:

公開

カテゴリ:

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
  • 1

    union

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • employee organization whose main goal is representing its members in employee-management negotiation of job-related issues

    解説

  • 2

    craft union

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • organization of skilled specialists in particular craft or trade

    解説

  • 3

    Knights of Labor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • first national labor union; formed in 1869

    解説

  • 4

    American Federation of Labor (AFL)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • organization of craft unions that championed fundamental labor issues; founded in 1886

    解説

  • 5

    industrial union

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • labor organizations of unskilled and semiskilled workers in mass-production industries such as automobiles and mining

    解説

  • 6

    Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • union organization of unskilled workers; broke away from the American Federation of Labor (AFL) in 1935 and rejoined it in 1955

    解説

  • 7

    yellow-dog contract

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • type of contract that required employees to agree as condition of employment not to join a union; prohibited by the Norris-Laguardia Act in 1932

    解説

  • 8

    collective bargaining

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • process whereby union and management representatives form a labor-management agreement, or contract, for workers

    解説

  • 9

    certification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • formal process whereby a union is recognized by the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) as the bargaining agent for a group of employees

    解説

  • 10

    decertification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • process by which workers take away a union's right to represent them

    解説

  • 11

    labor contract

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • negotiated labor-management agreement; agreement that sets the tone and clarifies the terms under which management and labor agree to function over a period of time

    解説

  • 12

    union security clause

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • provision in a labor contract that stipulates that employees who benefit from a union must either officially join or at least pay dues to the union

    解説

  • 13

    closed shop agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • clause in a labor contract saying that specified workers HAD TO BE members of a union before being hired (was outlawed by the Taft-Hartley Act in 1947)

    解説

  • 14

    union shop agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • clause in a labor contract saying that workers DO NOT HAVE TO BE members of a union to be hired BUT must agree to join the union within a prescribed period

    解説

  • 15

    agency shop agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • clause in a labor contract saying that employers may hire non-union workers; employees are NOT REQUIRED to join the union BUT must pay a union fee

    解説

  • 16

    open shop agreement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • agreement in right-to-work states that gives workers the OPTION to join or not join a union, if one exists in their workplace

    解説

  • 17

    right-to-work laws

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • legislation that gives workers that right, under an open shop agreement, to join or not join a union if it is present

    解説

  • 18

    grievance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • charge by employees that management is not abiding by the terms of the labor contract

    解説

  • 19

    shop stewards

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • union officials who work permanently IN an organization and represent employee interests on a DAILY basis

    解説

  • 20

    bargaining zone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • range of options BETWEEN the initial and final offer that each part will consider before negotiations dissolve or reach an impasse

    解説

  • 21

    mediation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • use of a third party, a mediator, who ENCOURAGES both sides in a dispute to continue negotiation and often makes SUGGESTIONS for resolving the dispute

    解説

  • 22

    arbitration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • agreement to bring in an impartial third part (a single arbitrator or a panel of arbitrators) to render a BINDING decision in a labor dispute

    解説

  • 23

    strike

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • union strategy in which workers REFUSE to go to work; purpose is to further workers objectives after an impasse in collective bargaining

    解説

  • 24

    cooling-off period

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when workers in a critical industry return to their jobs while the union and management continue negotiations

    解説

  • 25

    primary boycott

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when a union encourages both its members and the general public not to buy the products of a firm involved in a labor dispute

    解説

  • 26

    secondary boycott

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • attempt by labor to convince others to stop doing business with a firm that is the subject of a primary boycott; prohibited by the Taft-Harley Act

    解説

  • 27

    lockout

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • attempt by management to put pressure on unions by temporarily closing the business

    解説

  • 28

    injunction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • court order directing someone to do something or to refrain form doing something

    解説

  • 29

    strikebreakers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • workers hired to do the jobs of striking workers until the labor dispute is resolved

    解説

  • 30

    givebacks

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • concessions made by union members to management; gains from labor negotiations are given back to management to help employers remain competitive and thereby save jobs

    解説

  • 31

    sexual harassment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favor, and other conduct of sexual nature that creates a hostile work environment

    解説

56689

セットの学習コンテンツ

公開初月で
60,000
ダウン
ロード!

無料アプリはこちら!

英単語をウェブサイト
からzuknowに簡単登録

覚えたい単語を選択するだけ!
簡単にzuknowに登録することが
できます

Get the free Chrome Extension

トップ