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Understanding Business Chapter 11

カード 27枚 作成者: Sean (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • Human Resource Management (HRM)

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Human Resource Management (HRM)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The process of determining human resource needs and then recruiting, selecting, developing, motivating, evaluating, compensating and scheduling employees to achieve organizational goals.

    解説

  • 2

    Affirmative Action

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Employment activities designed to "right past wrongs" by increasing opportunities for minorities and women.

    解説

  • 3

    Reverse Discrimination

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Discrimination against whites or males in hiring or promoting.

    解説

  • 4

    Job Analysis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A study of what employees do who hold various job titles.

    解説

  • 5

    Job Description

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A summary of the objectives of the job, the type of work to be done, the responsibilities and duties, the working conditions and the relationship of the job to other functions.

    解説

  • 6

    Job Specifications

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A written summary of the minimal qualifications required of workers to do a particular job.

    解説

  • 7

    Recruitment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The set of activities used to obtain a sufficient number of the right employees at the right time.

    解説

  • 8

    Selection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The process of gathering information and deciding who should be hired, under legal guidelines, to serve the best interests of the individual and the organization.

    解説

  • 9

    Contingent Workers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Employees that Include part-time workers, temporary workers, seasonal workers, independent contractors, interns, and co-op students.

    解説

  • 10

    Training and Development

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • All attempts to improve productivity by increasing an employee's ability to perform. Training focuses on short-term skills, development on long-term abilities.

    解説

  • 11

    Orientation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The activity that introduces new employees to the organization; to fellow employees; to their immediate supervisors; and to the policies, practices, and objectives of the firm.

    解説

  • 12

    On-The-Job-Training

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Training at the workplace that lets the employee learn by doing or by watching others for a while and then imitating them.

    解説

  • 13

    Apprentice Programs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Training programs during which a learner works alongside an experienced employee to master the skills and procedures of a craft.

    解説

  • 14

    Off-The-Job-Training

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Internal or external training programs away from the workplace that develop any of a variety of skills or foster personal development.

    解説

  • 15

    Online Training

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Training programs in which employees complete classes via the Internet.

    解説

  • 16

    Vestibule Training

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Training done in schools where employees are taught on equipment similar to that used on the job.

    解説

  • 17

    Job Simulation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The use of equipment that duplicates job conditions and tasks so trainees can learn skills before attempting them on the job.

    解説

  • 18

    Management Development

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The process of training and educating employees to become good managers and then monitoring the progress of their managerial skills over time.

    解説

  • 19

    Networking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The process of establishing and maintaining contacts with key managers in and outside the organization and using those contacts to weave strong relationships that serve as informal development systems.

    解説

  • 20

    Mentor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An experienced employee who supervises, coaches and guides lower-level employees by introducing them to the right people and generally being their organizational sponsor.

    解説

  • 21

    Performance Appraisal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An evaluation that measures employee performance against established standards in order to make decisions about promotions, compensation, training or termination.

    解説

  • 22

    Fringe Benefits

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Benefits such as sick leave pay, vacation pay, pension plans, and health plans that represent additional compensation beyond base wages.

    解説

  • 23

    Cafeteria-Style Fringe Benefits

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fringe benefits plan that allows employees to choose the benefits they want up to a certain dollar amount.

    解説

  • 24

    Flextime Plan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Work schedule that gives employees some freedom to choose when to work, as long as they work the required number of hours.

    解説

  • 25

    Core Time

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In a flextime plan, the period when all employees are expected to be at their job stations.

    解説

  • 26

    Compressed Workweek

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Work schedule that allows an employee to work a full number of hours per week but in fewer days.

    解説

  • 27

    Job Sharing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An arrangement whereby two part-time employees share one full-time job.

    解説

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