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Understanding Business Chapter 9

カード 30枚 作成者: Sean (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • Production

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Production

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The creation of finished goods and services using the factors of production: land, labor, capital, entrepreneurship and knowledge.

    解説

  • 2

    Production Management

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The term used to describe all the activities managers do to help their firms create goods.

    解説

  • 3

    Operations Management

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A specialized area in management that converts or transforms resources (including human resources) into goods and services.

    解説

  • 4

    Form Utility

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The value producers add to materials in the creation of finished goods and services.

    解説

  • 5

    Process Manufacturing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The part of the production process that physically or chemically changes materials.

    解説

  • 6

    Assembly Process

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The part of the production process that puts together components.

    解説

  • 7

    Continuous Process

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A production process in which long production runs turn out finished goods over time.

    解説

  • 8

    Intermittent Process

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A production process in which the production run is short and the machines are changed frequently to make different products.

    解説

  • 9

    Computer-Aided Design (CAD)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The use of computers in the design of products.

    解説

  • 10

    Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The use of computers in the manufacturing of products.

    解説

  • 11

    Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The uniting of computer-aided design with computer-aided manufacturing.

    解説

  • 12

    Flexible Manufacturing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Designing machines to do multiple tasks so they can produce a variety of products.

    解説

  • 13

    Lean Manufacturing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The production of goods using less of everything compared to mass production.

    解説

  • 14

    Mass Customization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tailoring products to meet the needs of individual customers.

    解説

  • 15

    Facility Location

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The process of selecting a geographic location for a company's operations.

    解説

  • 16

    Telecommuting

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Working from home via computer and modem.

    解説

  • 17

    Facility Layout

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The physical arrangement of resources (including people) in the production process.

    解説

  • 18

    Materials Requirement Planning (MRP)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A computer-based operations management system that uses sales forecasts to make sure that needed parts and materials are available at the right time and place.

    解説

  • 19

    Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A newer version of Materials Requirement Planning (MRP), that combines the computerized functions of all the divisions and subsidiaries of the firm--such as finance, human resources, and order fulfillment--into a single integrated software program that uses a single database.

    解説

  • 20

    Purchasing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The function in a firm that searches for high-quality material resources, finds the best suppliers, and negotiates the best price for goods and services.

    解説

  • 21

    Just-in-Time (JIT) Inventory Control

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A production process in which a minimum of inventory is kept on the premises and parts, supplies, and other needs are delivered just in time to go on the assembly line.

    解説

  • 22

    Quality

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Consistently producing what the customer wants while reducing errors before and after delivery to the customer.

    解説

  • 23

    Six Sigma Quality

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A quality measure that allows only 3.4 defects per million opportunities.

    解説

  • 24

    Statistical Quality Control (SQC)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The process some managers use to continually monitor all phases of the production process to assure that quality is being built into the product from the beginning.

    解説

  • 25

    Statistical Process Control (SPC)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A process of testing statistical samples of product components at each stage of the production process and plotting those results on a graph. Any variances from quality standards are recognized and can be corrected if beyond the set standards.

    解説

  • 26

    ISO 9000

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The common name given to quality management and assurance standards.

    解説

  • 27

    ISO 14000

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A collection of the best practices for managing an organization's impact on the environment.

    解説

  • 28

    Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A method for analyzing the tasks involved in completing a given project, estimating the time needed to complete each task, and identifying the minimum time needed to complete the total project.

    解説

  • 29

    Critical Path

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In a PERT network, the sequence of tasks that takes the longest time to complete.

    解説

  • 30

    Gantt Chart

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bar graph showing production managers what projects are being worked on and what stage they are in at any given time.

    解説

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